An Extension Study of Tocilizumab (Myeloma Receptor Antibody [MRA]) in Patients Completing Treatment in Tocilizumab Core Studies

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hoffmann-La Roche
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00720798
First received: July 22, 2008
Last updated: September 26, 2014
Last verified: September 2014
  Purpose

This single-arm study evaluated the long-term efficacy and safety of tocilizumab in participants who had completed treatment in the tocilizumab core studies (NCT00106522 [Roche protocol WA18062], NCT00106574 [Roche protocol WA18063], and NCT00109408 [Roche protocol WA17824]) of adults with rheumatoid arthritis. Participants received tocilizumab alone or in combination with standard anti-rheumatic treatment.


Condition Intervention Phase
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Drug: Tocilizumab
Drug: Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs
Drug: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
Drug: Oral corticosteroids
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Long-term Extension Study of Safety During Treatment With Tocilizumab (MRA) in Patients Completing Treatment in MRA Core Studies

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Hoffmann-La Roche:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants With ≥ 1 Adverse Event [ Time Frame: Baseline to the end of the study (up to 7 years, 7 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants Who Withdrew From Treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline to the end of the study (up to 7 years, 7 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percentage of Participants With Concomitant Oral Corticosteroid Therapy [ Time Frame: Baseline to the end of the study (up to 7 years, 7 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Concomitant therapy with oral corticosteroids (up 5 to 10 mg daily prednisone or equivalent) was permitted in the study. Reduction of oral corticosteroids was permitted, but not required, if a patient achieved at least a 50% improvement from baseline in both tender joint count and swollen joint count.

    The data are reported for each 6-month period of the study where a month = 28 days. The last 6-month period is for months 96 through 101. The actually study duration in 28-day months was 98.85 months.


  • Percentage of Participants Who Changed From Monotherapy to Combination Therapy [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 296 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants who entered this study from study WA17824 on tocilizumab monotherapy, who did not achieve a 50% reduction in tender and swollen joint counts from Baseline of study WA17824, could add methotrexate or another allowable disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug, according to the investigator's practice and as tolerated by the patient, at any time during this study.

  • Percentage of Participants With an Improvement of at Least 20%, 50%, 70%, or 90% in the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Score (ACR20/50/70/90) From Baseline at Weeks 24, 48, 108, 156, 204, and 264 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 264 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Improvement must be seen in tender (68 assessed joints) and swollen joint counts (66 assessed joints) and in at least 3 of the following 5 parameters: Separate patient and physician assessments of patient disease activity in the previous 24 hours on a visual analog scale (VAS, the left end of the scale "no disease activity" [symptom-free and no arthritis symptoms], right end of the scale "maximum disease activity"); patient assessment of pain in the previous 24 hours on a VAS (left end of the scale "no pain", right end of the scale "unbearable pain"); Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (20 questions, 8 components: dressing/grooming, arising, eating, walking, hygiene, reach, grip, and activities, 0=without difficulty to 3=unable to do); and erythrocyte sedimentation rate.

  • Percentage of Participants Who Achieved a Major Clinical Response at Weeks 48, 96, 144, 192, and 264 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 264 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A major clinical response was defined as maintenance of an improvement of at least 70% in the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) score (ACR70) for at least 24 weeks. Improvement must be seen in tender (68 assessed joints) and swollen joint counts (66 assessed joints) and in at least 3 of the following 5 parameters: Separate patient and physician assessments of patient disease activity in the previous 24 hours on a visual analog scale (VAS, the left end of the scale "no disease activity" [symptom-free and no arthritis symptoms], right end of the scale "maximum disease activity"); patient assessment of pain in the previous 24 hours on a VAS (left end of the scale "no pain", right end of the scale "unbearable pain"); Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (20 questions, 8 components: dressing/grooming, arising, eating, walking, hygiene, reach, grip, and activities, 0=without difficulty to 3=unable to do); and erythrocyte sedimentation rate.

  • Percentage of Participants Who Maintained an Improvement of at Least 20%, 50%, or 70% in the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Score (ACR20/50/70) Consecutively for 24, 48, 96, and 264 Weeks at Weeks 48, 96, 144, 192, and 264 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 264 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Improvement must be seen in tender (68 assessed joints) and swollen joint counts (66 assessed joints) and in at least 3 of the following 5 parameters: Separate patient and physician assessments of patient disease activity in the previous 24 hours on a visual analog scale (VAS, the left end of the scale "no disease activity" [symptom-free and no arthritis symptoms], right end of the scale "maximum disease activity"); patient assessment of pain in the previous 24 hours on a VAS (left end of the scale "no pain", right end of the scale "unbearable pain"); Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (20 questions, 8 components: dressing/grooming, arising, eating, walking, hygiene, reach, grip, and activities, 0=without difficulty to 3=unable to do); and erythrocyte sedimentation rate.

  • Swollen and Tender Joint Count (SJC/TJC) at Baseline and Weeks 24, 48, 108, 156, 204, and 264 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 264 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The number of swollen (66 assessed joints) and tender (68 assessed joints) joints was assessed. Joints were physically examined and classified as swollen/not swollen and tender/not tender by pressure and joint manipulation.

  • Disease Activity and Pain at Baseline and Weeks 24, 48, 108, 156, 204, and 264 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 264 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participant's made a global assessment of their current disease activity on a 100 mm horizontal visual analogue scale (VAS). The left end of the scale indicated "no disease activity" (symptom-free and no arthritis symptoms, score = 0) and the right end indicated "maximum disease activity" (maximum arthritis disease activity, score = 100). The participant's treating physician made a global assessment of the participant's current disease activity on a 100 mm horizontal VAS. The left end of the scale indicated "no disease activity" (symptom-free and no arthritis symptoms, score = 0) and the right end indicated "maximum disease activity" (maximum arthritis disease activity, score = 100). Participant's made an assessment of their current level of pain on a 100 mm horizontal VAS. The left end of the scale indicated "no pain" (score = 0) and the right end of the scale indicated "unbearable pain" (score = 100).

  • Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index Score at Baseline and Weeks 24, 48, 108, 156, 204, and 264 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 264 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI), as a measure of functional ability, consists of 30 questions in 8 domains: Dressing/grooming, arising, eating, walking, hygiene, reach, grip, and activities. There are 4 possible responses to each question (0=without any difficulty, 1=with some difficulty, 2=with much difficulty, 3=unable to do). A domain score is the highest score in that domain. To calculate the overall score, the patient must have a domain score in at least 6 of the 8 domains. The HAQ-DI score is the sum of the domain scores divided by the number of domains that have a non-missing score and ranges from 0 (best) to 3 (worst). A higher score indicates less ability.

  • Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate at Baseline and Weeks 24, 48, 108, 156, 204, and 264 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 264 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was determined locally.

  • Change in the Disease Activity Score 28 (DAS-28) From Baseline to Weeks 24, 48, 96, and 264 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 264 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The DAS28 is a combined index for measuring disease activity in rheumatic arthritis (RA) and includes swollen and tender joint counts, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and general health (GH) status. The index is calculated with the following formula: DAS28 = (0.56 × √(TJC28)) + (0.28 × √(SJC28)) + (0.7 × log(ESR)) + (0.014 × GH), where TJC28 = tender joint count and SJC28 = swollen joint count, each on 28 joints. GH = a patient's global assessment of disease activity in the previous 24 hours on a 100 mm visual analog scale (left end = no disease activity [symptom-free and no arthritis symptoms], right end = maximum disease activity [maximum arthritis disease activity]). When ESR equaled 0 mm/hr, it was set to 1 mm/hr. The DAS28 scale ranges from 0 to 10, where higher scores represent higher disease activity. A negative change score indicates improvement.

  • Percentage of Participants Who Were Disease Activity Score 28 (DAS-28) Responders at Weeks 24, 48, 108, 156, 204, and 264 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 264 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A DAS-28 responder was defined as someone who met the European League Against Rheumatism [EULAR] criteria of a good or moderate response. A change of the DAS-28 score from Baseline was used to determine EULAR responses of good, moderate, or no response. For a post-baseline score ≤ 3.2, a change from baseline of < -1.2 was a good response, < -0.6 to ≥ -1.2 was a moderate response, and ≥ -0.6 was no response. For a post-baseline score > 3.2 to ≤ 5.1, a change from baseline of < -0.6 was a moderate response and ≥ -0.6 was no response. For a post-baseline score > 5.1, a change from baseline < -1.2 was a moderate response and ≥ -1.2 was no response. A good response could not be achieved for post-baseline scores > 3.2.

  • Percentage of Participants Who Maintained a Disease Activity Score 28 (DAS-28) Response for 24, 48, 96, 144, and 192 Weeks at Weeks 48, 96, 144, 192, and 264 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 264 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A DAS-28 responder was defined as someone who met the European League Against Rheumatism [EULAR] criteria of a good or moderate response. A change of the DAS-28 score from Baseline was used to determine EULAR responses of good, moderate, or no response. For a post-baseline score ≤ 3.2, a change from baseline of < -1.2 was a good response, < -0.6 to ≥ -1.2 was a moderate response, and ≥ -0.6 was no response. For a post-baseline score > 3.2 to ≤ 5.1, a change from baseline of < -0.6 was a moderate response and ≥ -0.6 was no response. For a post-baseline score > 5.1, a change from baseline < -1.2 was a moderate response and ≥ -1.2 was no response. A good response could not be achieved for post-baseline scores > 3.2.

  • Percentage of Participants With a Clinically Relevant Improvement in Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy - Fatigue (FACIT-F) Score at Weeks 24, 36, 48, 108, 156, 204, and 264 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 264 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The FACIT-F is a 13-item participant self-report questionnaire that assesses fatigue over the previous 7 days by scoring each item on a 5-point scale (0=Not at all, 1=A little bit, 2=Somewhat, 3=Quite a bit, 4=Very much). An overall FACIT-F score was obtained by summing the scores of all 13 items. The overall score ranged from 0 to 52. A lower score indicates less fatigue. A clinically relevant improvement in the FACIT-F score was defined as a ≥ 5-point increase from Baseline.

  • Percentage of Participants With a Clinically Relevant Improvement in the Physical and Mental Component Scores of the Short Form 36 (SF-36) Health Survey at Weeks 24, 48, 108, 156, 204, and 264 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 264 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The SF-36 Health Survey uses participant-reported symptoms on 8 subscales to assess health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The Physical Component Summary (PCS) score summarizes the subscales Physical Functioning, Role-Physical, Bodily Pain, and General Health. The Mental Component Summary (MCS) score summarizes the subscales Vitality, Social Functioning, Role-Emotional, and Mental Health. Each score was scaled from 0 to 100 with a higher score indicating better HRQoL. A clinically relevant improvement in the Physical and Mental Component Scores of the SF-36 was defined as a ≥ 5-point increase from Baseline.


Enrollment: 2067
Study Start Date: September 2005
Study Completion Date: April 2013
Primary Completion Date: April 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Tocilizumab
Participants received tocilizumab 8 mg/kg intravenously every 4 weeks till the end of the study (up to 7 years, 7 months). In addition, participants may have also received disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and oral corticosteroids at the discretion of the investigator.
Drug: Tocilizumab
For participants weighing > 100 kg, the maximum dose of tocilizumab was 800 mg. Tocilizumab was supplied as a sterile solution in vials.
Other Names:
  • RoActemra
  • Actemra
Drug: Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs
Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs included methotrexate, chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine, parenteral gold, sulfasalazine, azathioprine, and leflunomide. These drugs could be used alone or in combination, except for the combination of methotrexate and leflunomide, which was not allowed.
Drug: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
Participants could be treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs up to the maximum recommended dose throughout the study. The choice and doses of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs were at the discretion of the investigator.
Drug: Oral corticosteroids
Oral corticosteroids (≤ 10 mg/day) were permitted during the study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have completed participation in 1 of the core studies in adult rheumatoid arthritis.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Treatment with any investigational agent since the last administration of study drug in the core studies.
  • Treatment with iv gamma globulin, plasmapheresis, or prosorba column since the last administration of study drug in the core studies.
  • Treatment with an anti-TNF or anti-IL1 agent, a T-cell co-stimulation modulator, or any biologic since the last administration of study drug in the core studies.
  • Immunization with a live/attenuated vaccine since the last administration of study drug in the core studies.
  • Previous treatment with any cell-depleting therapies, including investigational agents.
  • Parenteral, intramuscular, or intra-articular corticosteroids within 6 weeks prior to baseline in this study.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00720798

  Show 295 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hoffmann-La Roche
Investigators
Study Director: Clinical Trials Hoffmann-La Roche
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Hoffmann-La Roche
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00720798     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: WA18696
Study First Received: July 22, 2008
Results First Received: June 10, 2014
Last Updated: September 26, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Arthritis
Autoimmune Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Antirheumatic Agents
Analgesics
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014