Keep It Off: A Weight Loss Maintenance Study (KIO)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00702455
First received: June 18, 2008
Last updated: November 19, 2012
Last verified: November 2012
  Purpose

The goal of this project is to test whether a phone and mail-based program designed to help people who have recently lost weight helps them keep the weight off over a 2 year period.


Condition Intervention
Weight Loss Maintenance
Behavioral: Self-Directed (weight loss maintenance)
Behavioral: Guided (weight loss maintenance)

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Novel Approaches to Weight Loss Maintenance

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Weight: Weight change in kilograms at 24 month follow-up. We hypothesize that Guided participants will regain less weight than the Self-Directed participants. [ Time Frame: 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • assessments of subgroup analysis of intervention effectiveness (e.g., BMI status, weight loss method, gender. [ Time Frame: 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 419
Study Start Date: September 2006
Study Completion Date: July 2012
Primary Completion Date: February 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Self-Directed Behavioral: Self-Directed (weight loss maintenance)
Self- Directed participants will receive a core set of print materials describing key behaviors and skills necessary for successful weight loss maintenance and will review these materials with an intervention coach in two sessions.
Active Comparator: Guided Behavioral: Guided (weight loss maintenance)
Guided participants will receive 8 monthly check in calls and then bimonthly calls for the rest of the study. Guided participants are also asked to report their weight weekly, either via the Keep It Off website, email or voicemail. Those who experience weight gain will receive outreach calls to assist them in reversing their weight gain.

Detailed Description:

Obesity is a major public health problem in the United States. Increases in obesity prevalence over the last four decades have been dramatic in all age and social groups, heightening concern about health risks for children, adolescents, and adults. Currently, over half of US adults are overweight and upward trends in prevalence show no sign of slowing. A continuation of current trends seems quite likely to lead to substantial increases in the number of people affected by obesity-related health conditions and in premature mortality. The primary treatment for obesity continues to be behavioral weight loss therapy, an approach that uses behavioral strategies (e.g., self-monitoring, stimulus control, problem-solving) to help participants adhere to dietary and physical activity recommendations. Significant progress has been made with respect to short term weight loss research over the past twenty years, with short term weight losses approximately doubling during this time period. Unfortunately, long term weight losses remain disappointing. The typical pattern is for maximum weight loss to occur at 6 months, with weight regain following. During the year following treatment, participants typically regain 30% to 50% of their initial weight loss. Follow-up beyond 1 year indicates a pattern of continued weight gain.

Though long term weight loss maintenance remains a critical challenge for obesity treatment, important information regarding successful weight loss maintenance (e.g., high levels of physical activity, self-weighing, maintenance of a low-fat, low-calorie diet) has been derived from the National Weight Control Registry led by Drs Wing and Hill. Treatment studies have incorporated such strategies to enhance maintenance; however, the most intensive treatment phase typically occurs during weight loss initiation with the maintenance phase occurring after treatment novelty has faded. Although increasing treatment duration improves weight loss, there is a point of diminishing returns as people eventually stop attending intervention sessions. An alternative strategy to provide the critical support necessary for weight loss maintenance may be to recruit people who have recently lost weight to a maintenance-focused intervention

We will recruit up to 400 adult men and women who have recently lost at least 10% of their body weight and randomize them to either a Self-Directed Intervention or a Guided Intervention . Self- Directed participants will receive a core set of print materials describing key behaviors and skills necessary for successful weight loss maintenance and will review these materials with an intervention coach during two phone sessions. Guided participants will take part in a set of ten core phone sessions addressing key factors relevant to weight maintenance (e.g., high levels of physical activity). After completing these sessions, Guided participants will receive 8 monthly check in calls and then bimonthly calls for the rest of the study. Guided participants are also asked to report their weight weekly, either via the Keep It Off website, email or voicemail. Those who experience weight gain will receive outreach calls to assist them in reversing their recent weight gain. They will also receive bi-monthly tailored feedback reports based on whether they are maintaining, losing or gaining weight. We hypothesize that those in the Guided arm of the study will regain less weight than those in the self-directed arm.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Between the ages of 19 and 70
  • HealthPartners members for 11 out of the past 12 months
  • Have lost at least 10% of body weight in the last 12 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Lost weight via gastric by-pass surgery
  • Modified Charlson scores >=3
  • Nonskin cancer
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Psychotic illness
  • Substance abuse
  • Terminal illness
  • Diagnosed eating disorder
  • BMI<20.5 or >45
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00702455

Locations
United States, Minnesota
HealthPartners Research Foundation
Bloomington, Minnesota, United States, 55425
Sponsors and Collaborators
HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Nancy E. Sherwood, PhD HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research
  More Information

No publications provided by HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00702455     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: A06-025, 1R01CA128211
Study First Received: June 18, 2008
Last Updated: November 19, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research:
Weight loss maintenance.
Interactive phone and mail-based intervention.

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Body Weight
Weight Loss
Signs and Symptoms
Body Weight Changes

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014