Study to Test the Long Term Safety and Efficacy of the Beta-3 Agonist Mirabegron (YM178) in Patients With Symptoms of Overactive Bladder (TAURUS)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Astellas Pharma Inc
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00688688
First received: May 29, 2008
Last updated: March 19, 2013
Last verified: March 2013
  Purpose

The study is intended to test the safety, tolerability, efficacy of two doses of long term once daily (qd) treatment of Mirabegron in patients with symptoms of overactive bladder and secondly to compare these with active comparator.


Condition Intervention Phase
Urinary Bladder, Overactive
Drug: Mirabegron
Drug: Tolterodine
Drug: Placebo to Mirabegron
Drug: Placebo to Tolterodine
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Parallel Group, Active Controlled, Multi-center Long-term Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of the Beta-3 Agonist Mirabegron (YM178) 50 mg qd and 100 mg qd in Subjects With Symptoms of Overactive Bladder

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Astellas Pharma Inc:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With and Severity of Treatment-emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: From the first dose of double-blind study drug up until 30 days after the last dose of study drug, up to 13 months. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    An adverse event (AE) was defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a patient administered a study drug and which did not necessarily have a causal relationship with the treatment. The investigator assessed the severity of each AE, including abnormal laboratory values, as follows:

    Mild: No disruption of normal daily activities; Moderate: Affected normal daily activities; Severe: Inability to perform daily activities.



Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline to Months 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 and Final Visit in Mean Number of Micturitions Per 24 Hours [ Time Frame: Baseline and Months 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The average number of micturitions (urinations) per 24 hours was derived from the number of times a patient urinates (excluding incontinence only episodes) per day recorded by the patient in a micturition diary for 3-days prior to clinic visits at Baseline and months 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12/end of treatment. Least squares (LS) means were generated from the analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) model with treatment group, previous study history, gender and geographical regions as fixed factors and baseline as a covariate.

  • Change From Baseline to Months 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 and Final Visit in Mean Number of Incontinence Episodes Per 24 Hours [ Time Frame: Baseline and Months 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The average number of incontinence episodes (any involuntary leakage of urine) per day was derived from the number of incontinence episodes recorded by the patient in a micturition diary for 3-days prior to clinic visits at Baseline and months 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12/end of treatment. Least squares (LS) means were generated from the analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) model with treatment group, previous study history, gender and geographical regions as fixed factors and baseline as a covariate.

  • Change From Baseline to Months 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 and Final Visit in Mean Volume Voided Per Micturition [ Time Frame: Baseline and Months 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The average volume voided per micturition was calculated from the volume of each micturition measured by the patient and recorded in a micturition diary for 3 days prior to clinic visits at Baseline and months 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12/end of treatment. LS means were generated from the ANCOVA model with treatment group, previous study history, gender and geographical regions as fixed factors and baseline as a covariate.

  • Change From Baseline to Months 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 and Final Visit in Mean Number of Urgency Incontinence Episodes Per 24 Hours [ Time Frame: Baseline and Months 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The involuntary leakage of urine accompanied or immediately proceeded by urgency, derived from the number of incontinence episodes classified by the patient in a 3-day micturition diary as 3 or 4 on the Patient Perception of Intensity of Urgency Scale: 0=No urgency; 1=Mild urgency; 2=Moderate urgency, could postpone voiding a short time; 3=Severe urgency, could not postpone voiding; 4=Urge incontinence, leaked before arriving to toilet. LS means are from the ANCOVA model with treatment group, previous study history, gender and geographical regions as fixed factors and baseline as a covariate.

  • Change From Baseline to Months 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 and Final Visit in Mean Number of Urgency Episodes (Grade 3 and/or 4) Per 24 Hours [ Time Frame: Baseline and Months 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The average number of urgency episodes (the sudden, compelling desire to pass urine that is difficult to defer) derived from episodes classified by the patient in a 3-day micturition diary as 3 or 4 on the Patient Perception of Intensity of Urgency Scale: 0=No urgency; 1=Mild urgency; 2=Moderate urgency, could delay voiding a short time; 3=Severe urgency, could not delay voiding; 4=Urge incontinence, leaked before arriving to the toilet. LS means are from an ANCOVA model with treatment group, previous study history, gender & geographical regions as fixed factors and baseline as a covariate.

  • Change From Baseline to Months 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 and Final Visit in Mean Level of Urgency [ Time Frame: Baseline and Months 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Average of patients' ratings on the degree of urgency associated with each micturition and/or incontinence episode recorded in a 3-day micturition diary according to the Patient Perception of Intensity of Urgency Scale: 0 = No urgency; 1 = Mild urgency; 2 = Moderate urgency, could delay voiding a short while; 3 = Severe urgency, could not delay voiding; 4 = Urge incontinence, leaked before arriving to the toilet. LS means are generated from an ANCOVA model with treatment group, previous study history, gender & geographical regions as fixed factors and baseline as a covariate.

  • Change From Baseline to Months 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 and Final Visit in the Mean Number of Pads Used Per 24 Hours [ Time Frame: Baseline and Months 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The average number of times a patient records a new pad used per day during the 3-day micturition diary period.

    LS means are from an ANCOVA model with treatment group, previous study history, gender & geographical regions as fixed factors and baseline as a covariate.


  • Change From Baseline to Months 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 and Final Visit in Mean Number of Nocturia Episodes Per 24 Hours [ Time Frame: Baseline and Months 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Nocturia is defined as waking at night one or more times to void. The average number of times a patient urinated (excluding incontinence only episodes) during sleeping time per day was derived from the 3-day patient micturition diary.

    LS means are from an ANCOVA model with treatment group, previous study history, gender & geographical regions as fixed factors and baseline as a covariate.


  • Percentage of Participants With Zero Incontinence Episodes at Months 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 and the Final Visit [ Time Frame: Months 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The percentage of participants with no incontinence episodes for the 3 days prior to each clinic visit derived from the micturition diary recorded by the patient.

  • Percentage of Participants With ≥ 50% Reduction in Incontinence Episodes at Months 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 and the Final Visit [ Time Frame: Baseline and Months 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The percentage of participants with at least a 50% decrease from baseline in mean number of incontinence episodes per 24 hours during the 3 days prior to each clinic visit derived from the patient micturition diary.

  • Change From Baseline to Months 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 and Final Visit in Symptom Bother Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and Months 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Overactive bladder symptoms were assessed using the symptom bother scale of the overactive bladder questionnaire. The symptom bother scale consists of 8 questions answered by the patient on a scale from 1-6. The total symptom bother score was calculated from the 8 answers and then transformed to range from 0 to 100, with 100 indicating worst severity. A negative change from Baseline in symptom bother score indicates improvements.

    LS means are from an ANCOVA model with treatment group, previous study history, gender & geographical regions as fixed factors and baseline as a covariate.


  • Change From Baseline to Months 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 and Final Visit in Health-related Quality of Life (HRQL) Total Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and Months 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Health-related quality of life was assessed by the HRQL subscales (coping, concern, sleep and social interaction) of the overactive bladder questionnaire (OABq). The HRQL total score was calculated by adding the 4 HRQL subscale scores, and transforming to a scale from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating better quality of life. A positive change from Baseline in HRQL score indicates improvements.

    LS means are from an ANCOVA model with treatment group, previous study history, gender & geographical regions as fixed factors and baseline as a covariate.


  • Change From Baseline to Month 12 and Final Visit in Patient Perception of Bladder Condition (PPBC) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The PPBC scale is a global assessment tool that asks patients to rate their impression of their current bladder condition on a 6-point scale from 1: 'Does not cause me any problems at all'; 2: 'Causes me some very minor problems'; 3: 'Causes me some minor problems'; 4: 'Causes me (some) moderate problems'; 5: 'Causes me severe problems' and 6: 'Causes me many severe problems'. A negative change from Baseline score indicates improvement.

    LS means are from an ANCOVA model with treatment group, previous study history, gender & geographical regions as fixed factors and baseline as a covariate.


  • Change From Baseline to Month 12 and Final Visit in Treatment Satisfaction-visual Analog Scale (TS-VAS) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The TS-VAS is a visual analog scale (VAS) that asks patients to rate their satisfaction with treatment by placing a vertical mark on a 10 cm line where the endpoints are labeled 'No, not at all' on the left (=0) to 'Yes, completely satisfied' on the right (=10). A positive change from baseline indicates improvement. LS means are from an ANCOVA model with treatment group, previous study history, gender & geographical regions as fixed factors and baseline as a covariate.

  • Change From Baseline to Months 3, 6, 12 and Final Visit in Work Productivity and Activity Impairment (WPAI): Percent Work Time Missed [ Time Frame: Baseline and Months 3, 6 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Work Productivity and Activity Impairment: Specific Health Problem (WPAI:SHP) questionnaire was used to assess the degree and extent to which overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms interfered with work productivity in the last 7 days. Percent of work time missed is derived from the number of hours of work missed due to OAB symptoms as a percentage of total hours that should have been worked. A higher percentage indicates more hours missed. A negative change from baseline indicates improvement.

  • Change From Baseline to Months 3, 6, 12 and Final Visit in Work Productivity and Activity Impairment (WPAI): Percent Impairment While Working [ Time Frame: Baseline and Months 3, 6 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Work Productivity and Activity Impairment: Specific Health Problem (WPAI:SHP) questionnaire was used to assess the degree and extent to which overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms interfered with work productivity in the last 7 days. Percent impairment while working was derived from the patient's assessment of the degree to which OAB affected their productivity while working. A higher percentage indicates greater impairment and less productivity. A negative change from baseline indicates improvement.

  • Change From Baseline to Months 3, 6, 12 and Final Visit in Work Productivity and Activity Impairment (WPAI): Percent Overall Work Impairment [ Time Frame: Baseline and Months 3, 6 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Work Productivity and Activity Impairment: Specific Health Problem (WPAI:SHP) questionnaire was used to assess the degree and extent to which overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms interfered with work productivity in the last 7 days. Percent overall work impairment takes into account both hours missed due to OAB symptoms and the patient's assessment of the degree to which OAB affected their productivity while working. A higher percentage indicates greater impairment and less productivity. A negative change from baseline indicates improvement.

  • Change From Baseline to Months 3, 6, 12 and Final Visit in Work Productivity and Activity Impairment (WPAI): Percent Activity Impairment [ Time Frame: Baseline and Months 3, 6 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Work Productivity and Activity Impairment: Specific Health Problem (WPAI:SHP) questionnaire was used to assess the degree and extent to which overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms interfered with daily activities over the last 7 days. Percent activity impairment is derived from the patient's assessment of the degree to which OAB affected their regular daily activities. A higher percentage indicates greater impairment and less productivity. A negative change from baseline indicates improvement.

  • Change From Baseline to Final Visit in European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) Mobility Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The EQ-5D is an international, standardized, nondisease-specific (i.e., generic) instrument for describing and evaluating health status. Participants were asked to indicate which of the following statements best describes their health state:

    I have no problems in walking about; I have some problems in walking about; I am confined to bed.

    In the table below, each row title lists Baseline health status first followed by Final Visit health status and reports the number of patients in that category. Missing data indicates patients with no data available for that Visit.


  • Change From Baseline to Final Visit in European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) Self-Care Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The EQ-5D is an international, standardized, nondisease-specific (i.e., generic) instrument for describing and evaluating health status. Participants were asked to indicate which of the following statements best describes their health state:

    I have no problems with self-care; I have some problems washing or dressing myself; I am unable to wash or dress myself. In the table below, each row title lists Baseline health status first followed by Final Visit health status and reports the number of patients in that category. Missing data indicates patients with no data available for that Visit.


  • Change From Baseline to Final Visit in European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) Usual Activities Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The EQ-5D is a standardized, nondisease-specific instrument for describing health status. Participants were asked which statement best describes their health state with regard to usual activities (work, study or leisure): I have no problems performing my usual activities; I have some problems performing my usual activities; I am unable to perform my usual activities. In the table below, each row title lists Baseline health status first followed by Final Visit health status and reports the number of patients in that category. Missing data indicates patients with no data available at that Visit.

  • Change From Baseline to Final Visit in European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) Pain/Discomfort Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The EQ-5D is an international, standardized, nondisease-specific (i.e., generic) instrument for describing and evaluating health status. Participants were asked to indicate which of the following statements best describes their health state:

    I have no pain or discomfort; I have moderate pain or discomfort; I have extreme pain or discomfort. In the table below, each row title lists Baseline health status first followed by Final Visit health status and reports the number of patients in that category. Missing data indicates patients with no data available for that Visit.


  • Change From Baseline to Final Visit in European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) Anxiety/Depression Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The EQ-5D is an international, standardized, nondisease-specific (i.e., generic) instrument for describing and valuing health status. Participants were asked to indicate which of the following statements best describes their health state:

    I am not anxious or depressed; I am moderately anxious or depressed; I am extremely anxious or depressed. In the table below, each row title lists Baseline health status first followed by Final Visit health status and reports the number of patients in that category. Missing data indicates patients with no data available for that Visit.


  • Change From Baseline to Months 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 and Final Visit in the European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) Visual Analog Scale (VAS) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Months 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The EQ-5D is an international, standardized, generic instrument for describing and evaluating health status. Health status is assessed by patients evaluating their health on a vertical, visual analog scale from 0 to 100 where the endpoints are labeled 'Worst imaginable health state' (=0) and 'Best imaginable health state' (=100). On the EQ-5D VAS, a positive change from Baseline indicates improvement.

  • Change From Baseline to Months 3, 6, 12 and Final Visit in Number of Non-study Related Visits to Physician [ Time Frame: Baseline and Months 3, 6 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The number of times the patient visited a physician's office during the 4 weeks prior to each study visit (excluding study visits) because of the patient's bladder condition.

  • Percentage of Participants With Improvement in Patient Perception of Bladder Condition (PPBC) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PPBC scale is a global assessment tool that asks patients to rate their impression of their current bladder condition on a 6-point scale from 1: 'Does not cause me any problems at all'; 2: 'Causes me some very minor problems'; 3: 'Causes me some minor problems'; 4: 'Causes me (some) moderate problems'; 5: 'Causes me severe problems' and 6: 'Causes me many severe problems'. Improvement was defined as at least a one point improvement from Baseline to post-baseline and a major improvement was defined as at least a two point improvement from Baseline to post-baseline in PPBC score.

  • Safety as Assessed by Adverse Events (AEs), Vital Signs, Laboratory Tests, Physical Examination and Electrocardiogram [ Time Frame: From the first dose of double-blind study drug up until 30 days after the last dose of study drug, up to 13 months. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    An abnormality identified during a medical test was defined as an AE if the abnormality induced clinical signs or symptoms, required active intervention, interruption or discontinuation of study drug or was clinically significant. The Investigator assessed each AE for causal relationship (not related, possible or probable) to study drug. A serious AE (SAE) was any untoward medical occurrence that: resulted in death, was life-threatening, resulted in significant disability/incapacity or congenital anomaly/birth defect, required or prolonged hospitalization or was a medically important event.

    The data reported represent the number of participants with adverse events in each category.



Enrollment: 2792
Study Start Date: April 2008
Study Completion Date: May 2010
Primary Completion Date: May 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Mirabegron 50 mg
Participants received mirabegron 50 mg tablets and matching tolterodine extended release (ER) placebo capsules orally once a day for 12 months.
Drug: Mirabegron
Tablets
Other Names:
  • YM178
  • Myrbetriq
Drug: Placebo to Tolterodine
Matching tolterodine placebo capsules.
Experimental: Mirabegron 100 mg
Participants received mirabegron 100 mg tablets and matching tolterodine ER placebo capsules orally once a day for 12 months.
Drug: Mirabegron
Tablets
Other Names:
  • YM178
  • Myrbetriq
Drug: Placebo to Tolterodine
Matching tolterodine placebo capsules.
Active Comparator: Tolterodine ER 4 mg
Participants received tolterodine ER 4 mg capsules and matching mirabegron placebo tablets orally once a day for 12 months.
Drug: Tolterodine
Extended release capsules
Drug: Placebo to Mirabegron
Matching mirabegron placebo tablets.

Detailed Description:

Patients who completed 178-CL-046 (NCT00689104) or 178-CL-047 (NCT00662909) or new patients could be enrolled in this study if eligible.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient is willing and able to complete the micturition diary and questionnaires correctly
  • Patient has symptoms of overactive bladder for ≥ 3 months
  • Patient experiences frequency of micturition on average ≥ 8 times per 24-hour period during the 3-day micturition diary period
  • Patient must experience at least 3 episodes of urgency (grade 3 or 4) with or without incontinence, during the 3-day micturition diary period

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient is breastfeeding, pregnant, intends to become pregnant during the study, or of childbearing potential, sexually active and not practicing a highly reliable method of birth control
  • Patient has significant stress incontinence or mixed stress/urge incontinence where stress is the predominant factor
  • Patient has an indwelling catheter or practices intermittent self-catheterization
  • Patient has diabetic neuropathy
  • Patient has evidence of a symptomatic urinary tract infection, chronic inflammation such as interstitial cystitis, bladder stones, previous pelvic radiation therapy or previous or current malignant disease of the pelvic organs
  • Patient receives non-drug treatment including electro-stimulation therapy
  • Patient has severe hypertension
  • Patient has a known or suspected hypersensitivity to tolterodine, other anticholinergics, YM178, other beta-adrenoreceptor (ß-AR) agonists, or lactose or any of the other inactive ingredients
  • Patient has been treated with any investigational drug or device within 30 days (90 days in the UK for all clinical studies except 178-CL-046)
  • Patient had an average total daily urine volume > 3000 mL as recorded in the 3-day micturition diary period
  • Patient has serum creatinine >150 umol/L, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and/or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) > 2x upper limit of normal range (ULN), or gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (γ-GT) > 3x ULN
  • Patient has a clinically significant abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00688688

  Show 308 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Astellas Pharma Inc
Investigators
Study Director: Central Contact Astellas Pharma Europe B.V.
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Astellas Pharma Inc
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00688688     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 178-CL-049, 2007-001452-39
Study First Received: May 29, 2008
Results First Received: July 23, 2012
Last Updated: March 19, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
Australia: Department of Health and Ageing Therapeutic Goods Administration
Austria: Federal Office for Safety in Health Care
Belarus: Ministry of Health
Belgium: The Federal Public Service (FPS) Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment
Bulgaria: Bulgarian Drug Agency
Czech Republic: State Institute for Drug Control
Denmark: Danish Medicines Agency
Finland: Finnish Medicines Agency
France: Afssaps - Agence française de sécurité sanitaire des produits de santé (Saint-Denis)
Germany: Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices
Greece: National Organization of Medicines
Hungary: National Institute of Pharmacy
Iceland: Icelandic Medicines Control Agency
Ireland: Irish Medicines Board
Italy: Ethics Committee
Latvia: State Agency of Medicines
Lithuania: State Medicine Control Agency - Ministry of Health
Netherlands: The Central Committee on Research Involving Human Subjects (CCMO)
Norway: Norwegian Medicines Agency
Poland: Office for Registration of Medicinal Products, Medical Devices and Biocidal Products
Portugal: National Pharmacy and Medicines Institute
Romania: National Medicines Agency
Russia: Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation
Slovakia: State Institute for Drug Control
South Africa: Medicines Control Council
Spain: Spanish Agency of Medicines
Sweden: Medical Products Agency
Switzerland: Swissmedic
Ukraine: Ministry of Health
United Kingdom: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency
Canada: Health Canada
Morocco: Ministry of Public Health

Keywords provided by Astellas Pharma Inc:
Overactive Bladder
Frequency
Micturition
Urgency
Urinary incontinence
Urinary urge incontinence

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Urinary Bladder, Overactive
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
Urological Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms
Tolterodine
Mirabegron
Phenylpropanolamine
Muscarinic Antagonists
Cholinergic Antagonists
Cholinergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Urological Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Adrenergic alpha-Agonists
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic Agents
Appetite Depressants
Anti-Obesity Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Sympathomimetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Nasal Decongestants
Vasoconstrictor Agents
Cardiovascular Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014