Correlation of MR Thermal Imaging to Actual Size of Ablation During Laser Ablation Therapy

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
BioTex, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00688038
First received: May 28, 2008
Last updated: July 7, 2014
Last verified: July 2014
  Purpose

The goal of this clinical research study is to learn how well magnetic resonance thermal imaging (MRTI) can check the amount of tumor being destroyed using a therapy called laser ablation (a procedure that uses lasers to create heat that is designed to destroy cancer cells).


Condition Intervention
Advanced Cancer
Bone Metastases
Procedure: Laser Ablation
Procedure: Magnetic Resonance Thermal Imaging

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Study to Determine Correlation of MR Thermal Imaging to Actual Size of Ablation During Laser Therapy of Metastases to Bone

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Correlation of Maximal Dimensions of 60-degree Celsius Isotherm + Ablation Zone Dimensions as determined by MRI [ Time Frame: 2 Years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Magnetic resonance thermal imaging (MRTI) data to determine the correlation between observed temperatures determined from MRTI and the actual size of ablation as determined by post-ablation contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) during Laser Induced Thermal Therapy (LITT) of soft tissue metastases in bone.


Estimated Enrollment: 24
Study Start Date: May 2008
Estimated Primary Completion Date: May 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Laser Ablation + MRTI
Magnetic resonance thermal imaging = MRTI
Procedure: Laser Ablation
Laser ablation procedure taking about 1-3 hours, depending on the size and location of the tumor.
Procedure: Magnetic Resonance Thermal Imaging
MRTI will be used to monitor the temperature within the ablation zone during the laser ablation.
Other Name: MRTI

Detailed Description:

Laser ablation is designed to destroy tumor tissue with the use of fiber optics that are placed directly into the tumor to deliver laser light energy into the tissue.

In this study, tumor destruction will be checked using MRTI. MRTI is very similar to other MRI techniques, but instead of providing imaging data, MRTI will provide temperature data for cancerous areas in the body during the laser ablation process. If tumor temperature can be measured more accurately, the laser ablation process may be safer.

Laser Ablation and the MRTI Scan:

If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, on the day you have laser ablation, you will have an intravenous (IV) line placed. You will receive sedation or general anaesthesia (drugs to make you sleep) through a needle in your vein over 1-3 hours to lessen any pain you may have during the procedure. This process will be explained to you.

After receiving the anaesthesia, the following tests and procedures will be performed:

  • You will have a limited MRI.
  • Your skin will be cleaned and covered with sterile towels and sheets to lower the chance of an infection.
  • The doctor will use MRI scans to place a special needle (applicator) into the tumor. This applicator will be used to create heat at a high enough temperature that cells can be destroyed. Small masses may be destroyed in 1 treatment, but larger masses may require that the needle is placed several times. Each heating cycle takes less than 10 minutes.
  • During laser ablation, MRTI will be used to monitor the temperature within the ablation zone. The MRTI process is very similar to regular MRI.
  • Your heart rate and blood pressure will be measured during the entire procedure.
  • The entire procedure may take about 1-3 hours, depending on the size and location of your tumor.

After the procedure is completed, you will be kept in the hospital for 4-6 hours for observation. You will be checked for recovery from the sedation that you received during the procedure. Once you have recovered from the procedure, you will be allowed to leave the hospital. If you have side effects from the procedure, the doctor may decide to keep you in the hospital for a longer time period for observation.

Follow-Up Visits:

After you have completed the procedure, you will return to M. D. Anderson for follow-up visits. About one (1) week after the laser ablation, you will have a physical exam and an X-ray. About one (1) month after the laser ablation, you will have a physical exam and a limited MRI to check the status of the disease.

Length of Study:

You will be considered off-study after the 1-month follow up visit.

This is an investigational study. The laser ablation procedure is an FDA-approved procedure. The devices are commercially available and can be used outside research studies. The investigational part of this study involves using MRTI to check the effect of ablation on the tumor. Up to 24 participants will be enrolled in this study. All will be enrolled at M.D. Anderson.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with tumor metastases to the skeleton who are referred to interventional radiology for percutaneous ablation
  2. Surgery is not a viable or desirable alternative therapy at the time of enrollment
  3. Radiation therapy has failed or not indicated or can be safely postponed
  4. Symptomatic or asymptomatic tumor size less than or equal to 3 cm in its largest diameter.
  5. Performance status is ECOG 2 or better in adults
  6. Patient is able to undergo MRI
  7. Patients at least 18 years of age

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with uncorrectable coagulopathy
  2. Patients with pacemaker or defibrillator
  3. Patients with metallic prosthesis at the site of the intended ablation
  4. Patients with spinal cord compression or epidural tumor extension
  5. Patients with vertebral body metastases exhibiting posterior wall destruction
  6. Patients with any soft tissue extension of a vertebral tumor
  7. Patients with any metastasis that is extrinsically located in vertebra or any long bones of the extremities compromising the cortex
  8. Patients with tumors having direct extension or involvement of a joint capsule or a major nerve
  9. Patients with Neutropenia (ANC less then 1000) or known active infection
  10. Patients unable to undergo conscious sedation
  11. Children under 18 years of age will be excluded from this study
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00688038

Locations
United States, Texas
UT MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
BioTex, Inc.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Kamran Ahrar, MD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00688038     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2007-0393, NCI-2011-00518
Study First Received: May 28, 2008
Last Updated: July 7, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Advanced Cancer
Bone Metastases
Laser Ablation
Magnetic Resonance Thermal Imaging
Laser Induced Thermal Therapy
MRTI
LITT

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasm Metastasis
Neoplasms
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014