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Sentinel Surveillance of Malnutrition, Niger

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Ministry of Health, Niger
Medecins Sans Frontieres
Information provided by:
Epicentre
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00682708
First received: March 26, 2008
Last updated: May 21, 2008
Last verified: May 2008
  Purpose

Malnutrition is a critical public health problem in developing countries. Malnutrition may be linked to more than one half of the deaths in children under 5 years old. In July 2001, after an intervention related to a measles epidemic, Medecins sans Frontieres-France opened a nutritional program in Maradi, in the South of Niger. The introduction of ready to use therapeutic foods (RUTF), in particular Plumpy'Nut (Nutriset, France) allowed for the treatment of the majority of children at their homes using ambulatory treatment. Children with complicated cases were cared for in an inpatient center. With ambulatory treatment the number of children cared for in the MSF program reached close to 70000 in 2006.

This study aimed to assess the effect of a 3-month distribution of RUTF in the context of a preventative supplementary feeding program. The primary hypotheses were that short-term RUTF supplementation at the village-level would prevent declines in weight-for-height and reduce the incidence of wasting in children 6 to 60 mo of age over a period of 8 mo. Because RUTF may have additional health effects, the intervention effect on height-for-age, stunting, mortality and morbidity from malaria, diarrhea, and respiratory infection were also examined.


Condition Intervention
Malnutrition
Dietary Supplement: PlumpyNut
Dietary Supplement: PlumpyDoz

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Sentinel Surveillance of Acute Malnutrition in the Region of Maradi, Niger, Children Under 5: Impact of a Preventive Intervention

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Epicentre:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • weight-for-height in children 6 to 60 mo of age [ Time Frame: 8 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Study Start Date: August 2006
Study Completion Date: March 2008
Primary Completion Date: March 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Months to 59 Months
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All children resident in randomized villages 6-59 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • N/A
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00682708

Sponsors and Collaborators
Epicentre
Ministry of Health, Niger
Medecins Sans Frontieres
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Rebecca F Grais Epicentre
  More Information

No publications provided by Epicentre

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Rebecca Freeman Grais, epidemiologist, Epicentre
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00682708     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 07056
Study First Received: March 26, 2008
Last Updated: May 21, 2008
Health Authority: Niger: Ministry of Health

Keywords provided by Epicentre:
malnutrition
ready to use food
Niger

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Malnutrition
Nutrition Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 25, 2014