A Phase III Superiority Study of Vernakalant vs Amiodarone in Subjects With Recent Onset Atrial Fibrillation (AVRO)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Cardiome Pharma
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00668759
First received: April 25, 2008
Last updated: December 12, 2009
Last verified: December 2009
  Purpose

The primary objective of the study is to demonstrate the superiority of vernakalant injection over amiodarone injection in the conversion of atrial fibrillation (AF) to sinus rhythm (SR) within 90 minutes of the start of drug administration. The secondary objective is to compare the safety of vernakalant to amiodarone.


Condition Intervention Phase
Atrial Fibrillation
Drug: Vernakalant Injection
Drug: Amiodarone Injection:
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind, Active-Controlled, Multi-Center, Superiority Study of Vernakalant Injection Versus Amiodarone in Subjects With Recent Onset Atrial Fibrillation

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Cardiome Pharma:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of subjects with conversion of atrial fibrillation to sinus rhythm within 90 minutes after the start of infusion. [ Time Frame: Conversion of AF to SR for a minimum duration of one minute within 90 minutes after start of infusion. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to conversion within 90 minutes after the start of infusion. [ Time Frame: Time to conversion of AF to SR within 90 minutes after start of infusion. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Proportion of subjects with symptom relief at 90 minutes after the start of infusion. [ Time Frame: Relief of AF symptoms 90 minutes after start of infusion. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • EQ-5D quality of life assessment. [ Time Frame: Assessment of quality of life 2 hours after start of infusion. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Monitoring of adverse events, vital signs, continuous telemetry monitoring, 12-lead Holter monitoring, 12-lead ECGs, and laboratory tests. [ Time Frame: Specified safety assessments completed at specified time points throughout the study from Screening to Discharge, at the Day 7 visit, and at the Day 30 follow-up call. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 254
Study Start Date: April 2008
Study Completion Date: November 2009
Primary Completion Date: October 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1

Vernakalant Injection:

In one infusion line, subjects will receive a 10-minute infusion of vernakalant followed by a 15-minute observation period, followed by an additional 10-minute infusion of vernakalant if required (if the subject is still in AF). To maintain blinding, a 60-minute infusion of placebo (D5W) will be administered in a second infusion line, followed by a maintenance infusion of placebo for a minimum of an additional 60 minutes.

Drug: Vernakalant Injection
10-minute infusion of 3 mg/kg vernakalant injection followed by a 15-minute observation period, followed by an additional 10-minute infusion of 2 mg/kg of vernakalant if required (if the subject is still in AF).
Other Names:
  • RSD1235
  • Kynapid
Active Comparator: 2

Amiodarone Injection:

In one infusion line subjects will receive a 60-minute infusion of amiodarone followed by a maintenance infusion of amiodarone over an additional 60 minutes. To maintain blinding, a 10-minute infusion of placebo (normal saline) will be administered in a second infusion line, followed by a 15 minute observation period, followed by a 10 minute infusion of placebo if the subject is still in AF.

Drug: Amiodarone Injection:
60-minute infusion of 5 mg/kg amiodarone followed by a maintenance infusion of 50 mg amiodarone over an additional 60 minutes (equivalent to approximately 15 mg/kg over 24 hrs).
Other Names:
  • Amiodarone
  • Cordarone

Detailed Description:

This is a double-blind, active-controlled, double-dummy, multi-center, randomized trial in subjects with symptomatic AF of 3 to 48 hours duration.

Subjects will be randomized to receive vernakalant injection or amiodarone injection in a 1:1 ratio.

Safety will be assessed through the monitoring of adverse events, vital signs, continuous telemetry monitoring, 12-lead Holter monitoring, 12-lead ECGs, and laboratory tests.

At 2 hours after the start of infusion, electrical cardioversion may be performed or rate control medication may be administered. Class I and Class III antiarrhythmics are not to be administered for 24 hours after the start of infusion.

Subjects are to remain in the clinic for at least 6 hours after the start of infusion. Subjects will attend a follow-up visit at 7 (±2) days after treatment and will receive a follow-up telephone call at 30 (±3) days for assessment of serious adverse events, concomitant medications related to serious adverse events, and recurrence of AF.

All roles were blinded with the exception of each site's designated unblinded personnel who were responsible for randomization and preparation, dispensation and accountability of the study medication.

Expanded Access was not available through this protocol.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 85 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • Have symptomatic AF of 3 to 48 hours duration at baseline.
  • Be eligible for cardioversion.
  • Have adequate anticoagulation therapy for cardioversion in accordance with standard of practice as recommended by ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines [1].
  • Be hemodynamically stable and have systolic blood pressure (BP) above 100 mmHg and less than 160 mmHg and diastolic BP less than 95 mmHg at screening and baseline.

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known or suspected prolonged QT or uncorrected QT interval of >440 msec as measured at screening on a 12 lead ECG, familial long QT syndrome, or previous torsades de pointes, ventricular fibrillation; or sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT).
  • Symptomatic bradycardia, sick sinus syndrome, or ventricular rate less than 50 beats per minute (bpm) as documented by 12-lead ECG at screening.
  • A QRS interval >140 msec.
  • Atrial flutter.
  • Significant valvular stenosis, hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, restrictive cardiomyopathy or constrictive pericarditis.
  • Documented previous episodes of second or third degree atrioventricular (AV) block.
  • Had a myocardial infarction (MI), acute coronary syndrome or cardiac surgery within 30 days prior to entry into the study.
  • Uncorrected electrolyte imbalance of serum potassium or magnesium. Both K+ and Mg2+ must be corrected prior to dosing.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00668759

  Show 100 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Cardiome Pharma
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Tomas Janota, MD VFN III. interní klinika
Principal Investigator: Christian Torp-Pedersen, MD Gentofte Amtssygehus - Kardiologisk afdeling
Principal Investigator: Rein Kolk, MD Tartu University Hospital Heart Clinic
Principal Investigator: Etienne Aliot, MD CHU de Nancy - Hopital Brabois, Service de Cardiologie
Principal Investigator: Stefan Hohnloser, MD Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universitaet Med Klinik III - Kardiologie
Principal Investigator: Heikki Huikuri, MD Oulu University Hospital - Dept of Internal Medicine
Principal Investigator: Piotr Ponikowski, MD Osrodek Chorob Serca, Klinika Kardiologii, IV Wojskowy Szpital Kliniczny z Poliklinika Samodzielny Publiczny Zaklad Opieki Zdrowotnej we Wroclawiu
Principal Investigator: Steen Juul-Moller, MD Universitetssjukhuset MAS
  More Information

No publications provided by Cardiome Pharma

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Sheila Grant, VP Product Development and Product team leader, Vernakalant, Cardiome Pharma Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00668759     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: VERI-305-AMIO
Study First Received: April 25, 2008
Last Updated: December 12, 2009
Health Authority: Australia: Department of Health and Ageing Therapeutic Goods Administration
Canada: Health Canada
Czech Republic: State Institute for Drug Control
Denmark: Danish Medicines Agency
Estonia: The State Agency of Medicine
Finland: Finnish Medicines Agency
France: Afssaps - Agence française de sécurité sanitaire des produits de santé (Saint-Denis)
Germany: Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices
Latvia: State Agency of Medicines
Lithuania: State Medicine Control Agency - Ministry of Health
Netherlands: The Central Committee on Research Involving Human Subjects (CCMO)
Poland: Ministry of Health
Slovakia: State Institute for Drug Control
Serbia and Montenegro: Agency for Drugs and Medicinal Devices
Sweden: Medical Products Agency
Ukraine: Ministry of Health

Keywords provided by Cardiome Pharma:
atrial fibrillation
atrial fib
AF

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Atrial Fibrillation
Arrhythmias, Cardiac
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Amiodarone
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
Cardiovascular Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Vasodilator Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 01, 2014