Raltegravir Intensification in HIV-infected Patients

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of California, San Francisco
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00631449
First received: February 28, 2008
Last updated: November 12, 2013
Last verified: November 2013
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to determine whether treatment with Raltegravir further decreases HIV viral replication in HAART-suppressed, HIV-infected patients, potentially improving immune response to antiretroviral therapy.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: Raltegravir
Drug: Placebo
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Raltegravir Intensification in Antiretroviral-treated Patients Exhibiting a Suboptimal CD4+ T Cell Response

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of California, San Francisco:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • We Will Use as Our Primary Endpoint the Proportion of Subjects in Each Group (Study Drug vs. Placebo) With Undetectable Plasma HIV-1 RNA, as Measured by an Ultra-sensitive Assay With a Limit of Detection of 1 Copy/mL at Week 12. [ Time Frame: Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Percentage of Activated CD8+ T Cells (CD8+ T Cells That Co-express CD38 and HLA-DR) Will be Assessed as a Secondary Outcome. [ Time Frame: Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: February 2008
Study Completion Date: March 2010
Primary Completion Date: September 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Raltegravir
For subjects assigned to the raltegravir group, subjects will receive raltegravir 400 mg to be taken by mouth twice daily for 24 weeks, in addition to continuing to take their current anti-HIV medicines.
Drug: Raltegravir
For subjects assigned to the raltegravir group, subjects will receive raltegravir 400 mg to be taken by mouth twice daily, in addition to continuing to take their current anti-HIV medicines.
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
For subjects assigned to the placebo group, subjects will receive a matching placebo pill 400 mg to be taken by mouth twice daily for 24 weeks, in addition to continuing to take their current anti-HIV medicines.
Drug: Placebo
For subjects assigned to the placebo group, subjects will receive a matching placebo pill 400 mg to be taken by mouth twice daily for 24 weeks, in addition to continuing to take their current anti-HIV medicines.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Stable antiretroviral therapy for at least 12 months
  • Screening CD4+ T cell count < 350 cells/mm3
  • All available CD4+ T cell counts in the last year and at screening < 350 cells/mm3
  • Screening plasma HIV RNA levels below level of detection (< 50 copies RNA/mL using Roche Amplicor or < 75 copies/mL using Bayer bDNA or < 40 copies/mL using Abbott RT-PCR), and all available determinations in past 12 months also below level of detection (isolated single values > 75 but < 1000 copies/mL will be allowed if they were preceded and followed by undetectable viral load determinations).
  • >90% adherence to therapy within the preceding 30 days, as determined by self-report
  • Both male and female adult (at least 18 years old) subjects are eligible. Females of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening and agree to use a double-barrier method of contraception throughout the study period.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who are intending to modify antiretroviral therapy in the next 24 weeks for any reason
  • Serious illness requiring hospitalization or parental antibiotics within preceding 3 months
  • **Any vaccination 2 weeks prior to baseline (day 0) visit and throughout the study period
  • Concurrent treatment with immunomodulatory drugs, or exposure to any immunomodulatory drug in past 16 weeks
  • Concurrent treatment with phenobarbital, phenytoin, or rifampin.
  • Screening absolute neutrophil count <1,000 cells/mm3, platelet count <70,000 cells/mm3, hemoglobin < 8 mg/dL, estimated creatinine clearance <40 mL/minute
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00631449

Locations
United States, California
San Francisco General Hospital, Clinical Research Center
San Francisco, California, United States, 94110
San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center
San Francisco, California, United States, 94121
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Francisco
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Hiroyu Hatano, MD University of California, San Francisco
  More Information

No publications provided by University of California, San Francisco

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: University of California, San Francisco
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00631449     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: H52899-31393-03
Study First Received: February 28, 2008
Results First Received: November 12, 2013
Last Updated: November 12, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of California, San Francisco:
HIV
Treatment intensification
Low level viremia
Suboptimal CD4+ T cell response
treatment experienced

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 26, 2014