Study of Oral Dasatinib in Subjects With Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) and Excess Marrow Blasts

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00624585
First received: February 15, 2008
Last updated: November 21, 2013
Last verified: May 2012
  Purpose

The main purpose of this study is to learn how patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) respond to the study drug dasatinib. The study drug, dasatinib, has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treatment of leukemia, but has not been approved for the treatment of other kinds of cancer. The use of dasatinib in this study is considered experimental.


Condition Intervention
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Drug: Dasatinib

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Study of Oral Dasatinib in Subjects With MDS and Excess Marrow Blasts

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Marrow Complete Remission (CR) [ Time Frame: 1 Year 4 Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Complete remission (modified IWG); IWG = International MDS Working Group.

    Bone Marrow Response must last ≥4 weeks. Bone marrow evaluation: Bone marrow showing ≤5% myeloblasts with normal maturation of all cell lines.



Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Hematologic Improvement [ Time Frame: 1 Year 4 Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Hematologic improvement in platelets, red blood cell (RBC), neutrophils according to modified IWG Criteria; Cytogenetic response (modified IWG); Change in percentage of blasts in bone marrow and peripheral blood; Src-Tyr416 phosphorylation in medullary myeloblasts. Hematologic improvements must last ≥ 8 weeks.

  • Number of Participants With Partial Remission (PR) [ Time Frame: 1 Year 4 Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Partial remission (PR) (modified IWG); IWG = International MDS Working Group. All of the CR criteria (if abnormal prior to treatment), except: Bone marrow evaluation: Blasts decreased by ≥ 50% over pretreatment but still >5%. Cellularity and morphology are not relevant.

  • Number of Participants With Stable Disease (SD) [ Time Frame: 1 Year 4 Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 18
Study Start Date: February 2008
Study Completion Date: May 2012
Primary Completion Date: May 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Dasatinib Dose Escalation
Patients will be started on dasatinib at a continuous oral daily dose of 100 mg per day. At 8 weeks, if the initial dose is well tolerated and patient has not achieved a partial response, the dose may be increased to 150 mg per day. All patients will be followed per protocol for a total core period of 16 weeks from the first dose. Responding patients will continue dasatinib treatment for up to 48 weeks in the absence of treatment failure, disease progression, limiting toxicity or death. Patients continuing after 48 weeks will be enrolled in a separate extension study for future follow up.
Drug: Dasatinib

DOSE ESCALATION OF DASATINIB AFTER 8 WEEKS IF ELIGIBLE

  • Dose Level and Dose of dasatinib:

    1. Starting dose (1-8 weeks)= 100 mg orally (po) daily
    2. +1 (<8 weeks if no PR and well tolerated) = 150 mg po daily

DOSE MODIFICATION OF DASATINIB

  • Dose Level and Dose of dasatinib:

    1. Starting dose = 100 mg po daily
    2. -1 = 70 mg po daily
    3. -2 = 50 mg po daily

OR

  • Dose Level and Dose of dasatinib:

    1. Starting dose = 150 mg po daily
    2. -1 = 120 mg po daily
    3. -2 = 90 mg po daily
    4. -3 = 50 mg po daily
Other Name: SPRYCEL®

Detailed Description:

Study Core Period:

The first 16 weeks after the initial dose of dasatinib is called the Study Core Period. Patients who are eligible and chose to participate in this study should expect to take 100 mg of dasatinib daily for 8 weeks. If the study doctor believes that they have not achieved a partial response after 8 weeks of treatment, the dose may be increased to 150 mg per day. The study doctor may lower the dosage of dasatinib if the 100 mg treatment is too strong. If the lower dose of dasatinib is still too strong, the study doctor may decide to take the patient off of the study. The patient will continue to receive supportive care as needed during the duration of the trial as well as after completion of the trial.

During the Study Core Period, participants will have a study visit every 4 weeks. Complete Blood Counts (CBCs) will be obtained every 2 weeks for study purposes and disease monitoring. Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy will be obtained at screening, and at 8 weeks and 16 weeks of treatment for response assessment. Additional bone marrow aspirations and biopsies may be obtained at any other time, to evaluate the disease process, at the doctor's judgment. A bone marrow aspirate and biopsy must be done at the time of study discontinuation.

Study Extension Period:

The time after the first 16 weeks of treatment is called the study extension period. If the patient is responding to the treatment, does not experience disease progression or any severe adverse events, the patient may continue dasatinib treatment for up to 48 weeks. If patients continue after 48 weeks, they will be asked to enroll in a separate extension study for future follow up.

During the Study Extension Period, participants will have a study visit every 4 weeks. Complete Blood Counts (CBCs) will be obtained every 2 or 4 weeks for study purposes and disease monitoring. Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy will be obtained every 16 weeks. A bone marrow aspirate and biopsy must be done at the time of study discontinuation.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Documented diagnosis of MDS or Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPS/MPD) with blast percentage > 10% in bone marrow, MDS/AML with <30% blasts:

    • MDS [all World Health Organization (WHO) types] with blast percentage > 10% in bone marrow
    • Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) with blast percentage > 10% in bone marrow
    • Myelodysplastic / Myeloproliferative (MDS/MPD) syndromes with blast percentage > 10% in bone marrow
    • Acute myeloid leukemia with Multilineage Dysplasia (MDS/AML) with <30% blasts and declined standard induction chemotherapy or deemed unfit for standard induction chemotherapy
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status 0 to 2
  • Previous therapy with Azacitidine or Decitabine with last dose at least 2 months prior to first dose of dasatinib okay. Must be at least 4 weeks out from any previous investigational therapy.
  • Adequate Organ Function

    • Total bilirubin < 2.0 times institutional Upper Limit of Normal (ULN)
    • Hepatic enzymes (AST, ALT) ≤ 2.5 times institutional ULN
    • Serum Na, K+, Mg2+, Phosphate and Ca2+≥ Lower Limit of Normal (LLN) [low electrolyte levels must be repleted to all for entry]
    • Serum Creatinine < 1.5 times ULN
    • Prothrombin time (PT), partial thromboplastin time (PTT) Grade 0-1
  • Able to take oral medication (Dasatinib must be swallowed whole. Tablets can be dissolved in juice and then put down an NG/G tube or drank as a solution)
  • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must have Negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to start of study drug
  • Persons of reproductive potential must agree to use adequate birth control throughout treatment and at least 4 weeks after study drug is stopped
  • Signed written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • White blood count (WBC) >50,000 off hydroxyurea for >72 hours
  • Malignancy [other than the one treated in this study] requiring radiotherapy or systemic treatment within past 3 years
  • Chemotherapy or any agent with activity in MDS or AML concurrent with the study.
  • Chemotherapy for MDS or AML prior to enrollment not allowed other than Azacitidine or Decitabine >2 months prior to first dose
  • Concurrent medical condition which may increase the risk of toxicity, including:

    • Pleural or pericardial effusion
    • Serious medical condition, unstable medical co-morbidity, psychiatric illness that will prevent subject from signing informed consent form or place them at unacceptable risk if they participate
  • Cardiac Symptoms, including:

    • Uncontrolled angina, congestive heart failure or myocardial infarction (MI) within 6 months
    • Diagnosed congenital long QT syndrome
    • History of clinically significant ventricular arrhythmias (such as ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, or Torsades de Pointes)
    • Prolonged QTc interval on pre-entry electrocardiogram (> 450 msec)
  • Hypokalemia or hypomagnesemia if cannot be corrected
  • History of significant bleeding disorder unrelated to cancer, including:

    • Congenital bleeding disorders
    • Acquired bleeding disorder within 1 year
    • Ongoing or recent (≤ 3 months) significant gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Concomitant Medications, consider the following prohibitions:

    • Drugs generally accepted to have risk of causing Torsades de Pointes(Must discontinue drug 7 days prior to starting dasatinib)
    • Concomitant use of H2 blockers or proton pump inhibitors with dasatinib not recommended. Use of antacids should be considered in place of H2 blockers or proton pump inhibitors in patients receiving dasatinib therapy.
    • On-going requirement for treatment with platelet function inhibitor or anti-coagulation.
    • Must discontinue St. Johns Wort while receiving dasatinib therapy
    • Must agree that intravenous (IV) bisphosphonates be withheld for first 8 weeks of Dasatinib therapy due to risk of hypocalcemia.
    • May not be receiving any prohibited CYP3A4 inhibitors
  • Women:

    • Positive pregnancy test at baseline
    • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Prisoners or patients who are compulsorily detained for treatment of either psychiatric or physical (e.g., infectious) illness
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00624585

Locations
United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
Sponsors and Collaborators
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Alan List, M.D. H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00624585     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MCC-15276, CA180-106
Study First Received: February 15, 2008
Results First Received: May 23, 2012
Last Updated: November 21, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute:
MDS
MDS/MPD
MDS/AML
CMML
Excess Marrow Blasts

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Preleukemia
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Neoplasms
Dasatinib
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 26, 2014