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Combination Chemotherapy, Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy, and Surgery in Treating Patients With Localized Pancreatic Cancer That Can Be Removed By Surgery

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Washington
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00609336
First received: February 6, 2008
Last updated: February 24, 2014
Last verified: February 2014
  Purpose

This phase II trial studies how well giving combination chemotherapy together with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and surgery works in treating patients with localized pancreatic cancer that can be removed by surgery. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine hydrochloride, docetaxel, capecitabine, and oxaliplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Specialized radiation therapy, such as IMRT, that delivers a high dose of radiation directly to the tumor may kill more tumor cells and cause less damage to normal tissue. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) together with intensity-modulated radiation therapy before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed. Giving chemotherapy after surgery may kill any tumor cells that remain after surgery.


Condition Intervention Phase
Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas
Stage IA Pancreatic Cancer
Stage IB Pancreatic Cancer
Stage IIA Pancreatic Cancer
Stage IIB Pancreatic Cancer
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Drug: docetaxel
Drug: capecitabine
Radiation: intensity-modulated radiation therapy
Drug: oxaliplatin
Procedure: pancreatic surgical procedure
Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study Induction Chemotherapy, Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy, Surgical Resection and Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Patients With Locally Advanced, Resectable Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Washington:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Median overall survival of patients with adenocarcinoma of the pancreas [ Time Frame: From the date of registration to date of death due to any cause, assessed up to 22 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Estimated by the Kaplan Meier method.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percent of patients surviving [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Median recurrence free survival following pancreaticoduodenectomy [ Time Frame: From the date of pancreaticoduodenectomy to date of first observation of radiographic recurrence or death due to any cause, assessed up to 7 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The appearance of radiographic findings consistent with recurrent tumor at the local resection site or at a distant location is considered a radiographic recurrence.

  • Clinical response rate to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy [ Time Frame: Up to 7 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessed using the new international criteria proposed by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) Committee.

  • Pathologic response rate to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy [ Time Frame: Up to 7 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The resected pancreaticoduodenectomy specimen and accompanying lymph nodes will be staged according to American Joint Committee on Cancer 6th Edition incorporating the prefix y to indicate a specimen status-post neoadjuvant treatment (ypTNM).

  • CA 19-9 tumor marker response rate to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy [ Time Frame: Up to 26 weeks after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Biochemical response is a decrease of >= 50% of CA 19-9 serum tumor marker in patients with elevated CA 19-9 at baseline.

  • Surgical completion rate and complication rate [ Time Frame: Up to 6 weeks following the completion of chemoradiotherapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Frequency and severity of toxicities associated with this treatment regimen as assessed by NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 3.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 26 weeks after surgery (the end of adjuvant chemotherapy) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Estimated Enrollment: 35
Study Start Date: January 2008
Estimated Primary Completion Date: July 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (chemotherapy, radiation, pancreaticoduodenectomy)
See Detailed Description
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • dFdC
  • difluorodeoxycytidine hydrochloride
  • gemcitabine
  • Gemzar
Drug: docetaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • RP 56976
  • Taxotere
  • TXT
Drug: capecitabine
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CAPE
  • Ro 09-1978/000
  • Xeloda
Radiation: intensity-modulated radiation therapy
Undergo IMRT
Other Name: IMRT
Drug: oxaliplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 1-OHP
  • Dacotin
  • Dacplat
  • Eloxatin
  • L-OHP
Procedure: pancreatic surgical procedure
Undergo pancreaticoduodenectomy
Other Name: pancreatic surgery
Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
Undergo therapeutic conventional surgery
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To estimate the median overall survival of patients with adenocarcinoma of the pancreas treated with induction chemotherapy, neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, surgical resection and adjuvant chemotherapy.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the percent of patients surviving at annual intervals through five years.

II. To determine the median recurrence free survival following pancreaticoduodenectomy.

III. To determine the clinical response rate to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy.

IV. To determine the pathologic response rate to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy.

V. To determine the cancer antigen (CA) 19-9 tumor marker response rate to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy.

VI. To determine the surgical completion rate and complication rate following neoadjuvant chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy.

VII. To determine the frequency and severity of toxicities associated with this treatment regimen.

OUTLINE:

INDUCTION CHEMOTHERAPY: Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride intravenously (IV) over 75 minutes and docetaxel IV over 30 or 60 minutes on days 4 and 11. Patients also receive capecitabine orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-14. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

NEOADJUVANT CHEMORADIOTHERAPY: Beginning no more than 14 days after completion of induction chemotherapy, patients receive capecitabine PO BID on days 1-14 and oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours on days 1 and 8. Patients also undergo IMRT once daily on days 1-5 and 8-13.

SURGICAL RESECTION: Approximately 2-6 weeks after completion of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, patients undergo pancreaticoduodenectomy.

ADJUVANT CHEMOTHERAPY: Beginning 4-10 weeks after surgery, patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes and oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours on day 1. Treatment repeats every 14 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of localized, resectable or borderline resectable, pancreatic adenocarcinoma T1-T3, N0-N1, M0; stage is determined by helical multi-phase computed tomography (CT) and/or endoscopic ultrasound according to published guidelines; resectability is determined by the treating surgeon and published guidelines (National Comprehensive Cancer Network)
  • Resectable Disease- Head/Body/Tail of pancreas:

    • No distant metastases
    • Clear fat plane around celiac and superior mesenteric arteries (SMA)
    • Patent superior mesenteric vein (SMV) and portal vein (PV)
  • Borderline Resectable Disease -Head/Body of pancreas:

    • Tumor abutment on SMA
    • SMV/portal vein impingement or occlusion if involving only a short segment, with open vein both proximally and distally (if proximal vein is occluded up to the portal vein branches then disease is unresectable)
    • Colon or mesocolon invasion
    • Gastroduodenal artery (GDA) encasement up to origin at hepatic artery
  • Tail of pancreas:

    • Adrenal, colon or mesocolon, or kidney invasion
    • Preoperative evidence of biopsy-positive peripancreatic lymph node
  • No prior therapy for pancreatic cancer
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
  • Leucocytes >= 3,000/uL
  • Absolute Neutrophil Count >= 1,500/uL
  • Platelets >= 100,000/uL
  • Total Bilirubin:

    • If within normal limits (WNL) to =< 2.0, the subject is eligible
    • If > 2.0 - < 6.0, subject is eligible IF they have a biliary stent and total bilirubin is decreasing
    • If >= 6.0, subject is not eligible
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)(serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT)(serum glutamate pyruvic transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal or =< 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) if alkaline phosphatase (Alk Phos) > 2.5 X ULN or if the subject has a biliary stent and the liver function tests (LFTs) are decreasing the subject is eligible
  • Creatinine clearance >= 30%
  • Negative pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential; women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  • Ability to swallow and retain oral medication
  • Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents
  • Histology other than adenocarcinoma
  • Patients with permanently unresectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma as determined by the treating physician and published guidelines (National Comprehensive Cancer Network)
  • Unresectable disease
  • Head of pancreas:

    • Distant metastases (includes celiac and/or para-aortic)
    • SMA, celiac encasement
    • SMV/portal occlusion
    • Aortic, inferior vena cava (IVC) invasion or encasement
    • Invasion of SMV below transverse mesocolon
  • Body of pancreas:

    • Distant metastases (includes celiac and/or para-aortic); at the discretion of the treating surgeon, body and tail lesions that have positive celiac and/or para-aortic nodes in close vicinity to the primary may be borderline rather than unresectable
    • SMA, celiac, hepatic encasement
    • SMV/portal extended occlusion
    • Aortic invasion
  • Tail of pancreas:

    • Distant metastases (includes celiac and/or para-aortic)
    • SMA, celiac encasement
    • Rib, vertebral invasion
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to gemcitabine, docetaxel, capecitabine, oxaliplatin or other agents used in the study
  • Patients who have received prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy for the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Inability to comply with study and/or follow-up procedures
  • Pregnancy or lactation
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00609336

Locations
United States, Washington
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Washington
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Andrew Coveler Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: University of Washington
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00609336     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 6511, NCI-2010-00553, 6511, P30CA015704
Study First Received: February 6, 2008
Last Updated: February 24, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Adenocarcinoma
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Carcinoma
Digestive System Diseases
Digestive System Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Endocrine System Diseases
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Pancreatic Diseases
Capecitabine
Gemcitabine
Anti-Infective Agents
Antimetabolites
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 25, 2014