Safety Study of Gleevec® in Children With Pulmonary Hypertension

This study has been terminated.
(Unable to enroll subjects)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Indiana University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00583115
First received: December 20, 2007
Last updated: May 7, 2013
Last verified: May 2013
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to find out if the drug, Gleevec, is safe and effective in treating children with Pulmonary Hypertension.


Condition Intervention Phase
Pulmonary Hypertension
Drug: Gleevec
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Gleevec® (Imatinib Mesylate, NSC 716051 Formerly ST1571) in Children With Pulmonary Hypertension

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Indiana University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • 1) safety and tolerability as determined by laboratory evaluation, physical examination, echocardiographic analysis, and adverse events, and 2) efficacy as determined by an increase in the non-encouraged 6 minute walk test from baseline. [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • 1) decrease in pulmonary artery pressures and vascular resistance as determined by cardiac catheterization, 2) time to clinical worsening,3) survival. [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 1
Study Start Date: October 2007
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date: August 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Gleevec
Drug taken orally 260mg/M2/day once per day
Drug: Gleevec
260 mg/M2/day, given once daily by mouth
Other Name: Imatinib Mesylate

Detailed Description:

Idiopathic pulmonary artery hypertension (IPAH) is a rare but progressive disease in children and adults with a very high mortality from right heart failure. Platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) has been implicated in the pulmonary artery remodeling and vascular proliferation that is a pathologic hallmark of IPAH. Animal and clinical data support the hypothesis that activation of the PDGF receptor is critical in the development of IPAH, and inhibition of the PDGF signaling pathways may be a potential therapeutic target. Gleevec is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor developed for treatment of certain cancers and inhibits the PDGF receptor. Animal and preliminary clinical data suggest that Gleevec can reverse vascular remodeling and improve right heart failure. A small clinical trial for adults with IPAH is ongoing in Europe, but there are no trials in children where the disease has a worse prognosis. This project is a phase II, single dose pilot study to generate the hypothesis that activation of the PDGF receptor is critical in the development of IPAH, and inhibition of the PDGF signaling pathways is a potential therapeutic target. Five patients between the ages of 8 yr to 18 yr with severe IPAH will be recruited nationally, for a 6 month trial of Imatinib. The Specific Aim of this study is to collect preliminary data on the safety and efficacy of Gleevec in children with IPAH. Results from this study are needed to develop a larger, multi-center trial to determine the efficacy and therapeutic impact of Gleevec in children with IPAH. The long term goal of this work is to develop novel therapeutic strategies for treatment of IPAH in children. This translational study of the inhibition of the PDGF receptor in children with IPAH could provide insights into the etiology of IPAH and have a major impact on the development of new treatment strategies for both children and adults with pulmonary artery hypertension from multiple origins.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   8 Years to 18 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male and female patients between the ages of 8 -18 years of age.
  2. Diagnosis of idiopathic (or primary) pulmonary arterial hypertension according to the Venice Classification system (2003).54, 55
  3. Functional classification of WHO class III - IV.
  4. Pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) >300 dynes / sec / cm5.
  5. IPAH medications stable for at least 3 mo prior to baseline visit.
  6. Female patients of child bearing potential who are sexually active must have negative pregnancy test within 7 days prior to initiation of study drug and use a double-barrier local contraception, i.e., intra-uterine device plus condom, or spermicidal gel plus condom up to the Study Completion visit.
  7. Able to communicate well with the investigator, to understand and comply with the requirements of the study. Able to verbalize understanding and sign the written informed assent.
  8. Parents, or legal guardians, must be able to communicate well with the investigator, to understand and comply with the requirements of the study. They must verbalize understanding and sign the written informed consent statement.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Pre-existing lung disease including parasitic diseases affecting lungs, bronchial asthma, congenital abnormalities of the lungs, thorax and diaphragm.
  2. Congenital heart disease, left ventricular failure, or left-sided obstructive lesion (pulmonary venous hypertension with pulmonary capillary wedge pressure > 12 mmHg) detected at right heart catheterization.
  3. Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension, congenital or acquired deficiencies of blood coagulation, deficient thrombocyte function, thrombocytopenia < 40,000/μl, or Sickle Cell anemia.
  4. Pregnancy, breast feeding, or lack of safe contraception (hormonal contraception, IUD, bilateral tubal ligation, hysterectomy) in premenopausal women.
  5. Hepatic insufficiency with transaminase levels >4-fold the upper limit of normal, or a bilirubin > 2-fold the upper limit of normal.
  6. Renal insufficiency (serum creatinine > 200 μmol/l).
  7. History of clinically significant drug allergy or history of atopic allergy (asthma, urticaria, eczematous dermatitis). A known hypersensitivity to the study drug, or drugs similar to the study drug.
  8. Previous therapeutic radiation of lungs or mediastinum.
  9. Participation in any treatment studies within 3 months prior to dosing, or longer if required by local regulations, and for any other limitation of participation based on local regulations.
  10. History of immunodeficiency diseases, including a positive HIV (ELISA and Western blot) test result, or a positive Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), or positive Hepatitis C test result.
  11. Any surgical or medical condition which might significantly alter the absorption, distribution, metabolism or excretion of drugs, such as a history of inflammatory bowel syndrome, gastritis, ulcers, gastrointestinal or rectal bleeding, or a history of major gastrointestinal tract surgery such as gastrectomy, gastroenterostomy, or bowel resection.

    -

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00583115

Locations
United States, Indiana
Indiana University School of Medicine; Riley Hospital for Children
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202
Sponsors and Collaborators
Indiana University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: R. Mark Payne, MD Indiana University School of Medicine
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Indiana University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00583115     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 0702-21, Internally funded
Study First Received: December 20, 2007
Last Updated: May 7, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hypertension
Hypertension, Pulmonary
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Imatinib
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 20, 2014