Adrenal Suppression and Adrenal Recovery Induced by Megestrol Acetate
Megestrol Acetate (MA) is a progesterone-like hormone that has been utilized as a birth control agent, chemotherapeutic drug, and more recently, to induce appetite and weight gain in patients malnourished as a result of radiation therapy, chemotherapy, cystic fibrosis, AIDS, or dementia. The mechanism of MA-stimulated appetite and weight gain is unknown.
Although only approved to combat weight loss associated with AIDS and cancer, MA is frequently prescribed for long periods of time to prevent or reverse weight loss in nursing home residents and in elderly patients with serious illnesses in the community. Little data is available to support this practice. Among its many properties, MA acts as a partial glucocorticoid agonist, and long term and short term use of MA may results in adrenal suppression. The rapidity of the onset of MA-induced adrenal suppression and the time course of resumption of normal adrenal function after discontinuation of MA is completely unknown. As a consequence, it is unclear whether MA can be given safely for short periods of time or whether glucocorticoid administration is necessary after abruptly stopping MA treatment. The increased use of MA in the frail elderly, where even partial adrenal insufficiency may pose a substantial risk of adrenal crisis after an illness, requires a clear understanding of these issues. To address these concerns, we will evaluate adrenal function before, during, and after MA administration in healthy volunteers between the ages of 60 and 85 years.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
|Official Title:||Evaluation of the Time Course of Adrenal Suppression and Adrenal Recovery After Ingestion of Megestrol Acetate|
- Number of Participants With Adrenal Insufficiency [ Time Frame: stimulated acth stimulated cortisol levels weekly for 8 weeks or until adrenal insufficiency is encountered ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]Number of participants with adrenal insufficiency after treatment with megestrol acetate assessed by ACTH stimulated cortisol levels less than normal (21 ug/dl) measured weekly for 8 weeks or when adrenal insufficiency is clinically encountered
- Time Required for Recovery From Adrenal Suppression to Normal Adrenal Function [ Time Frame: weekly for up to 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]the number of weeks required for participants to recover from adrenal suppression as assessed by a normal ACTH stimulation test (cortisol level >21 mcg/dl)
|Study Start Date:||April 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2004|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2004 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: megace treatment
Study subjects will be given 600mg of MA for oral ingestion per day for duration of 8 weeks. They will be monitored every week clinically for the development of adrenal insufficiency by review of symptoms, physical exam, body weight, pulse, and blood pressure. Subjects also will undergo biochemical evaluation of adrenal status every two weeks by measurement of serum electrolytes, serum cortisol, serum adrenocorticotropic hormone(ACTH) levels, and the adrenal response to a low dose ACTH (1µgm) stimulation test(see methods).
Drug: megestrol acetate
600 mg by mouth daily
|United States, Arkansas|
|University of Arkansas For Medical Sciences|
|Little Rock, Arkansas, United States, 72205|
|Principal Investigator:||donald l bodenner||associate professor|