Lymphocyte Infusions for the Treatment of HIV-Infected Patients Failing Anti-HIV Therapy

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified December 2013 by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00559416
First received: November 15, 2007
Last updated: March 14, 2014
Last verified: December 2013
  Purpose

Some HIV-infected individuals have a white blood cell marker known as HLA-B*57 that appears to help control the progress of the disease; however, not all who have the HLA-B*57 marker are able to control the infection. This study will examine the effects of giving white blood cells with HLA-B*57 from an individual who controls HIV infection to an individual who cannot control HIV infection, as a form of HIV treatment. All candidates will be screened with a medical history, physical examination, and blood and urine tests.

Both donor and recipient volunteers must be HIV-positive individuals 18 years of age or older who have the HLA-B*57 marker and are receiving care. Donor candidates must have positive HIV antibody tests for at least seven years with a recent CD4 cell count greater than 400 cells/mm?, HIV viral load less than 50 copies/mL, and no previous HIV viral load greater than 1,000 copies/mL. Recipient candidates must have positive HIV antibody tests with a recent CD4 cell count less than 400 cells/mm? and HIV viral load greater than 10,000 copies/mL, and must have failed at least two prior combination antiretroviral regimes and are willing to receive or resume combination antiretroviral therapy. Donor volunteers will be excluded if they have taken certain antiretrovirals drugs, have a medical history of cancer or of other blood-borne illnesses, or have other medical conditions that might interfere with the study. Recipient volunteers will be excluded if they have a medical history of malignant cancer or other medical conditions that might possibly interfere with the study.

Donors will undergo apheresis to separate white blood cells from circulating blood before the red blood cells and plasma are returned to the bloodstream. The procedure will take up to five hours, and donors will be required to return for additional tests. Donors may be asked to return for further white blood cell donations, a maximum of six procedures per year.

Recipients will undergo apheresis to obtain stem cells for possible use in the study, and will be admitted to an NIH Clinical Center inpatient unit to receive an infusion of white blood cells and undergo a series of blood tests both before and after the infusion. The infusion process will take two hours. After being discharged, recipients will be asked to return to the Clinical Center for monitoring and follow-up tests, and may receive further infusions....


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: Cell Transfer
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Immunologic and Virologic Response in HIV Infected Progressors After Infusion of Lymphocytes From HIV Infected "Elite" Long-Term Non-Progressors

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety, survival of transferred cells.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Changes in immune and viral parameters (CD4, Plasma HIV levels)

Estimated Enrollment: 70
Study Start Date: November 2007
Intervention Details:
    Drug: Cell Transfer
    N/A
Detailed Description:

Improvements in human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) treatments in the United States have made the disease in many cases a chronic illness. However, many individuals have failed multiple lines of standard therapy, and thus, development of new modes of salvage treatment is crucial. Restriction of viral replication, mediated by CD8+ cells, appears to play an important role in control of HIV replication. A subset of individuals, many of whom possess human leukocyte antigen (HLA) B*57 exhibit restriction of HIV type 1 viral replication to less than 50 copies/mL, presumably by a mechanism that is CD8+ T-cell mediated, and become elite long-term non-progressors (LTNP), who have no evidence of progressive immunodeficiency and no development of opportunistic complications during many years of follow-up. Other individuals, including those with HLA-B*57 show no evidence of control of HIV replication, and without antiretroviral therapy will develop progressive immunodeficiency and HIV-related opportunistic complications. In this exploratory study, we are investigating a novel cell transfer strategy: up to 3 patients with HIV infection have failed at least 2 standard regimens of antiretroviral therapy, have a CD4+ count under 200 cells/mm (3), and a plasma HIV viral load of greater than 10,000 copies/mL, will be administered 10 (10) peripheral blood mononuclear cells obtained by lymphapheresis from an "elite" LTNP matched to the recipient on at least one HLA-B allele. Up to 70 patients may be enrolled for screening to identify 3 donors and 3 recipients. Up to 3 infusions may be administered per patient, with each infusion occurring no more frequently than every 3 months. The primary endpoints will be the safety of the infusions and the survival of donor cells in the recipient. Changes in the recipient s CD4+ and CD8+ cell number, other immune parameters, and plasma HIV viral load will also be monitored closely for evidence of anti-HIV activity.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA RECIPIENT:

Under this protocol, cell recipients must fulfill all of the following characteristics and conditions:

Greater than or equal to 18 years old

Ability to sign informed consent

For women of child-bearing potential, negative result on a serum or urine pregnancy test; in addition, men and women of childbearing potential must agree to practice abstinence or use two methods of birth control/contraception (condoms, diaphragm or cervical cap with spermicide, IUD, or hormonal-based contraception) for at least 4 weeks after each cell infusion

Willingness to comply with study requirements and procedures including storage of blood for possible future use to study HIV/AIDS, related diseases, or the immune system

Willingness to permit HLA testing

Hematocrit greater than or equal to 27 percent, platelets greater than or equal to 25,000/mm (3)

No significant underlying cardiac, renal, or hepatic disease (Creatinine less than 2.0 mg/dL; aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) less than 150 U/mL)

HIV infection must be confirmed by ELISA and western blot if not previously documented, and patients must be under the care of a primary care physician.

Viral load greater than 10,000 copies/mL on available optimized combination antiretroviral therapy, to include at least 3 drugs, one of which is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI), integrase inhibitor, or protease inhibitor. Patients not on combination antiretroviral therapy will be eligible, but must be willing to resume combination antiretroviral therapy and to have had a viral load greater than 10,000 copies/mL after at least 2 weeks of therapy.

Failure or intolerance of at least two previous combination antiretroviral regimens. Failure will be defined as an HIV viral load greater than 400 copies/mL while taking a given regimen.

Recipient must be taking appropriate prophylaxis for opportunistic infections, as per Public Health Service (PHS) guidelines, unless there is intolerance to available medications.

Screening CD4+ cell count less than or equal to 200 cells/mm(3) obtained within 6 weeks prior to study entry.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR RECIPIENT:

An individual will be ineligible to receive cells if one or more of the following conditions are present:

Discordance with donor on antibody status of EBV, CMV, or HHV-8 if donor is antibody positive for EBV, CMV, or HHV-8.

Malignancy requiring systemic therapy, or a history of malignancy that required myelotoxic chemotherapy.

Active untreated opportunistic infection that requires systemic therapy. Patients with opportunistic infections who have received greater than 2 weeks of therapy will be eligible.

Is pregnant or breast feeding.

Severe psychiatric disorder that would interfere with adherence to protocol requirements. Individuals who have a stable psychiatric condition may be eligible.

Current use or a history of treatment with investigational agent(s) within 3 months of protocol enrollment. ARVs obtained through expanded access programs are permitted.

Current use or a history of treatment with a systemic corticosteroid, immunosuppressive, or cytotoxic agent within 30 days of protocol enrollment.

Any other medical condition for which the investigator believes cell transfer may be contraindicated.

Ever been diagnosed with autoimmune vasculitis.

INCLUSION CRITERIA DONOR:

Donor eligibility criteria as specified by the FDA will be followed, except for HIV testing. All donors will be HIV positive as per protocol and as described in the IND application. Under this protocol, cell donors must fulfill all of the following characteristics and conditions:

Greater than or equal to 18 years old.

Ability to sign informed consent.

For women of child-bearing potential, negative result on a serum or urine pregnancy test.

Willingness to comply with study requirements and procedures including storage of blood for possible future use to study HIV/AIDS, related diseases, or the immune system.

Willingness to permit HLA testing.

Matched to at least one HLA-B allele of the potential recipient. The

match will be at a two-digit resolution HLA allele level of typing or higher.

Hematocrit greater than or equal to 30 percent, platelets greater than or equal to 100,000/mm(3), white blood cells greater than or equal to 3.0 times 10(9)/L.

No underlying cardiac, pulmonary, renal, or hepatic disease that would preclude patient from undergoing apheresis.

HIV infection must be confirmed by ELISA and western blot if not previously on record, and patients must be under the care of a primary care physician.

CD4+ cell count greater than or equal to 400 cells/mm(3) and HIV viral load less than 50 copies/mL, with no recorded HIV viral load obtained after acute HIV infection greater than 2,500 copies/mL. HIV viral loads obtained during acute HIV infection (within 6 months of the estimated date of seroconversion) will not be utilized for study

inclusion/exclusion.

HIV infection for greater than or equal to 7 years.

Minimum wt of 110 lbs

From 1980 through 1996, did not spend time that adds up to three (3) months or more in the United Kingdom.

From 1980 to the present, did not spend time that adds up to five (5) years or more in Europe.

From 1980 to the present, did not receive a blood transfusion in the United Kingdom.< TAB> < TAB>

EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR DONOR:

An individual will be ineligible to donate cells if one or more of the following conditions are present:

Ever having been diagnosed with any AIDS-defining illnesses

Ever being on antiretroviral therapy other than one or two nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) drugs; no NRTI therapy during the previous year

Positive results on screening test for any of the following tests: HCV enzyme immunoassay (EIA) repeat reactive/ recombinant immunoblot (RIBA) confirmed, HBV/HCV NAT, HTLV-I/II antibodies, T.cruzi antibodies, HBsAg, or serologic test for syphilis (with positive confirmatory treponemal-based assay), unless the patient has received adequate therapy for syphilis. Donors with a positive West Nile Virus NAT are deferred for 120 days.

Is pregnant or breast feeding

HLA homozygous donor who is haplo-identical to recipient

History of malignancy other than basal cell carcinoma of the skin, or in situ carcinoma of cervix or colon

ALT or AST greater than 2 times the upper limit of normal

Been diagnosed with malaria

Been diagnosed with Chagas disease

Been diagnosed with babesiosis

Received a dura mater (or brain covering) graft

Been diagnosed with any neurological disease

Relative had Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

Had a transplant or other medical procedure that involved being exposed to live cells, tissues, or organs from an animal

Had a sexual partner or a member of the household have a transplant or other medical procedure that involved being exposed to live cells, tissues, or organs from an animal

Severe psychiatric disorder that would interfere with adherence to protocol requirements. Individuals who have a stable psychiatric condition may be eligible.

Current use or a history of treatment with investigational agent(s) within 3 months of protocol enrollment.

Current use or a history of treatment with a systemic corticosteroid, immunosuppressive, or cytotoxic agent within 30 days of protocol enrollment.

Any other medical condition for which the investigator believes apheresis may be contraindicated.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00559416

Contacts
Contact: Cheryl L. Chairez (301) 496-3840 chairezc@mail.nih.gov
Contact: Joseph A Kovacs, M.D. (301) 496-9907 jkovacs@mail.nih.gov

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office (PRPL)    800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010    prpl@mail.cc.nih.gov   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Joseph A Kovacs, M.D. National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00559416     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 080024, 08-CC-0024
Study First Received: November 15, 2007
Last Updated: March 14, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
HIV/AIDS
HLA-B*57
Cell Transfer
Resistant Virus
Drug Resistance HIV
Drug Failure
Raltegravir Failure
Lymphocyte Infusion
Long-Term Non-Progressor (LTNP)
LTNP
HIV
treatment experienced

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 26, 2014