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Nevirapine vs. Atazanavir Boosted With Ritonavir on a Background of Truvada in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infected Naive Patients (NEwArT)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Boehringer Ingelheim
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00552240
First received: September 28, 2007
Last updated: December 9, 2013
Last verified: December 2013
  Purpose

The aim of this clinical trial is to compare the efficacy and safety of ritonavir (RTV)-boosted atazanavir with nevirapine, each on a background of emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (DF).


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: tenofovir DF 300 mg QD
Drug: emtricitabine 200 mg QD
Drug: Nevirapine 200 mg BID
Drug: Atazanavir 300 mg
Drug: Ritonavir 100 mg
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Comparison Atazanavir/Ritonavir (ATV/r) vs Nevirapine (NVP) Twice a Day (Bid) on Truvada Backbone

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Boehringer Ingelheim:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Virologic Response (VR) [ Time Frame: baseline to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    VR is defined as HIV viral load of <50 copies/ml measured at two consecutive visits PRIOR TO Week 48 and without subsequent rebound or change of ARV therapy prior to Week 48.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Virologic Response According to the Time to Loss of Virologic Response (TLOVR) Algorithm [ Time Frame: baseline to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    HIV viral load <50 copies/ml measured at two consecutive visits UP TO Week 48 and without subsequent rebound or change of ARV therapy up to Week 48.

  • Number of Participants With HIV Viral Load < 50 Copies/ml at Week 48 [ Time Frame: baseline to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    HIV viral load <50 copies/ml measured at Week 48 among observed cases on-treatment.

  • Number of Participants With Virologic Success (FDA Definition) [ Time Frame: baseline to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    HIV viral load <50 copies/ml measured in the Week 48 window whereby patients withdrawing early and patients without a Week 48 assessment are considered failures. Includes all participants in full analysis set (FAS).

  • Time to Virologic Response (First Confirmed Viral Load < 50 Copies/ml), All Participants [ Time Frame: baseline to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to response whereby patients withdrawing early were censored after their withdrawal

  • Time to Virologic Response (First Confirmed Viral Load < 50 Copies/ml), Only Participants With Confirmed Viral Load < 50 Copies/ml [ Time Frame: baseline to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Number of Participants With Loss of Virologic Response Following Confirmed Virologic Response [ Time Frame: baseline to week 24 and week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    HIV viral load > 50 copies/ml on two consecutive measurements separated by at least 2 weeks, after confirmed virologic response (2 consecutive HIV viral load values < 50 copies/ml)

  • Number of Participants With HIV Viral Load < 50 Copies/ml at Week 2 of Treatment [ Time Frame: baseline to week 2 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Results within time windows, patients on-treatment

  • Number of Participants With HIV Viral Load < 50 Copies/ml at Week 4 of Treatment [ Time Frame: baseline to week 4 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Results within time windows, patients on-treatment

  • Number of Participants With HIV Viral Load < 50 Copies/ml at Week 6 of Treatment [ Time Frame: baseline to week 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Results within time windows, patients on-treatment

  • Number of Participants With HIV Viral Load < 50 Copies/ml at Week 8 of Treatment [ Time Frame: baseline to week 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Results within time windows, patients on-treatment

  • Number of Participants With HIV Viral Load < 50 Copies/ml at Week 12 of Treatment [ Time Frame: baseline to week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Results within time windows, patients on-treatment

  • Number of Participants With HIV Viral Load < 50 Copies/ml at Week 24 of Treatment [ Time Frame: baseline to week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Results within time windows, patients on-treatment

  • Number of Participants With HIV Viral Load < 50 Copies/ml at Week 36 of Treatment [ Time Frame: baseline to week 36 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Results within time windows, patients on-treatment

  • Number of Participants With HIV Viral Load < 50 Copies/ml at Week 48 of Treatment [ Time Frame: baseline to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Results within time windows, patients on-treatment

  • Number of Participants With HIV Viral Load < 400 Copies/ml at Week 2 of Treatment [ Time Frame: baseline to week 2 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Results within time windows, patients on-treatment

  • Number of Participants With HIV Viral Load < 400 Copies/ml at Week 4 of Treatment [ Time Frame: baseline to week 4 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Results within time windows, patients on-treatment

  • Number of Participants With HIV Viral Load < 400 Copies/ml at Week 6 of Treatment [ Time Frame: baseline to week 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Results within time windows, patients on-treatment

  • Number of Participants With HIV Viral Load < 400 Copies/ml at Week 8 of Treatment [ Time Frame: baseline to week 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Results within time windows, patients on-treatment

  • Number of Participants With HIV Viral Load < 400 Copies/ml at Week 12 of Treatment [ Time Frame: baseline to week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Results within time windows, patients on-treatment

  • Number of Participants With HIV Viral Load < 400 Copies/ml at Week 24 of Treatment [ Time Frame: baseline to week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Results within time windows, patients on-treatment

  • Number of Participants With HIV Viral Load < 400 Copies/ml at Week 36 of Treatment [ Time Frame: baseline to week 36 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Results within time windows, patients on-treatment

  • Number of Participants With HIV Viral Load < 400 Copies/ml at Week 48 of Treatment [ Time Frame: baseline to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Results within time windows, patients on-treatment

  • Number of Patients With Virologic Rebound to >400 Copies/ml [ Time Frame: baseline to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    HIV viral load >400 copies/ml on two consecutive measurements separated by at least 2 weeks, after confirmed virologic response (2 consecutive HIV viral load values < 50 copies/ml)

  • AIDS Progression and Death: Number of Patients With a Treatment-emergent AIDS Defining Illness or an AIDS-defining Illness Leading to Death [ Time Frame: baseline to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    AIDS defining illnesses include: Aspergillosis, Bartonellosis, Candidiasis, Cervical cancer, Chagas disease, Coccidiodomycosis, Cryptococcosis, Cytomegalovirus retinus, encephalopathy, Herpes Simplex Virus, Histoplasmosis, Isosporiasis, Kaposi's sarcoma, Leishmaniasis, Microsporidiosis, Mycobacterium avium complex, mycobacterium (non-tuberculous), Nocardiosis, Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, Pneumonia, Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy, Rhodococcus equi, Salmonella, Toxoplasmosis, Wasting.

    Number of cases (no time-to analysis was performed due to small numbers).


  • Change in CD4+ Cell Count From Baseline to Week 2. [ Time Frame: baseline to week 2 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Patients on-treatment, data within time windows

  • Change in CD4+ Cell Count From Baseline to Week 4. [ Time Frame: baseline to week 4 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Patients on-treatment, data within time windows

  • Change in CD4+ Cell Count From Baseline to Week 6. [ Time Frame: baseline to week 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Patients on-treatment, data within time windows

  • Change in CD4+ Cell Count From Baseline to Week 8. [ Time Frame: baseline to week 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Patients on-treatment, data within time windows

  • Change in CD4+ Cell Count From Baseline to Week 12. [ Time Frame: baseline to week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Patients on-treatment, data within time windows

  • Change in CD4+ Cell Count From Baseline to Week 24. [ Time Frame: baseline to week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Patients on-treatment, data within time windows

  • Change in CD4+ Cell Count From Baseline to Week 36. [ Time Frame: baseline to week 36 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Patients on-treatment, data within time windows

  • Change in CD4+ Cell Count From Baseline to Week 48. [ Time Frame: baseline to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Patients on-treatment, data within time windows

  • Change in Fasting Plasma Total Cholesterol Level [ Time Frame: baseline to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change in Fasting Plasma Triglycerides Level [ Time Frame: baseline to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change in Fasting High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) Cholesterol Level [ Time Frame: baseline to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change in Fasting Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL)Cholesterol Level [ Time Frame: baseline to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change in Fasting Total Cholesterol to High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) Ratio [ Time Frame: baseline to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change in Framingham Score [ Time Frame: baseline to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Framingham prediction of 10-year risk of Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) outcomes (myocardial infarction [MI] or CHD death) based on the patient's gender, age, systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, HDL-c and smoking status. The scale for the estimated risk ranges from 0 to 30%.

  • Change in Revised Framingham Score According to the Data Collection on Adverse Events of Anti-HIV Drugs (DAD) Study Group [ Time Frame: baseline to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change in Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) From Baseline to Week 48 [ Time Frame: baseline to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    using 4-variable Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula

  • Percentage Adherence by Pill Count [ Time Frame: baseline to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of pills not returned / number of treatment days in percent (%)

  • Number of Participants With Genotypic Resistance at the Time of Virologic Failure. [ Time Frame: baseline to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Genotypic resistance was measured by the following: Plasma samples for HIV-1 resistance were analyzed using a standard clinical assay that generates a virtual phenotypic interpretation of HIV-1 sequence data and predicts susceptibility or resistance of the isolate to approved ARVs. This analysis has not been performed.

  • Incidence of Patients With AIDS Progression at Each Visit [ Time Frame: baseline to week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cumulative incidence of patients with AIDS progression are shown

  • Proportion of Patients Reporting CNS Side Effects of Any Severity [ Time Frame: baseline to week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Proportion of Patients Reporting Hepatic Events of Any Severity [ Time Frame: baseline to week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Proportion of Patients Reporting Rash of Any Severity [ Time Frame: baseline to week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Proportion of Patients With DAIDS Grade >= 2 Laboratory Abnormalities [ Time Frame: baseline to week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 154
Study Start Date: September 2007
Primary Completion Date: March 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: NVP 200mg bis indie (BID)
after receiving nevirapine (NVP) 200 mg quaue die (QD) for 2 weeks, pt titrated to NVP 200 mg bis in die (BID) combined with emtricitabine 200 mg QD/ tenofovir DF 300 mg QD (fixed dose combination Truvada) for 48 weeks
Drug: tenofovir DF 300 mg QD
300 mg QD
Drug: emtricitabine 200 mg QD
200 mg QD
Drug: Nevirapine 200 mg BID
200 mg BID
Active Comparator: Atazanavir 300 mg QD/ritonavir 100 mg QD
patients to receive atazanavir 300 mg QD boosted with ritonavir 100 mg QD combined with emtricitabine 200 mg QD/ tenofovir DF 300 mg QD (fixed dose combination Truvada) for 48 weeks
Drug: tenofovir DF 300 mg QD
300 mg QD
Drug: emtricitabine 200 mg QD
200 mg QD
Drug: Atazanavir 300 mg
300 mg QD
Drug: Ritonavir 100 mg
100 mg QD

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion criteria:

  1. Signed informed consent in accordance with Good Clinical Practice (GCP) and local regulatory requirements prior to trial participation
  2. HIV-1- infected males or females greater than or equal to 18 years of age with documented positive serology Enzyme-linked Immuno Sorbert Assay (ELISA) confirmed by Western blot
  3. No prior nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) or non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) use of more than 10 days AND
  4. No prior use of other classes of antiretrovirals (ARVs) of more than 2 weeks duration
  5. Males with CD4+ count less than 400 cells/mm cubed or females with CD4+ count less than 250 cells/mm cubed
  6. NVP and ATV/r susceptibility on screening HIV-1 genotypic resistance assay
  7. Adequate renal function defined as a calculated creatinine clearance greater than or equal to50 ml/min according to the Cockcroft-Gault formula
  8. Karnofsky score greater than or equal to 70 (see Appendix 10.7)
  9. Acceptable medical history, as assessed by the investigator

Exclusion criteria:

  1. History of active drug or alcohol abuse within 2 years prior to study entry (at the investigators discretion)
  2. Hepatic cirrhosis with stage Child-Pugh B or C hepatic impairment
  3. Female patients of child-bearing potential who:

    have a positive serum pregnancy test at screening, are breast feeding, are planning to become pregnant, are not willing to use a barrier method of contraception, or are not willing to use methods of contraception other than ethinyl estradiol containing oral contraceptives

  4. Laboratory parameters greater than Division of Aids (National Institute of Health, USA) (DAIDS) grade 2 (triglycerides greater than DAIDS grade 3, total cholesterol no restrictions, see Appendix 10.1)
  5. Active hepatitis B or C disease, defined as HBsAg-positive or Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) RNA positive with alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ALT/AST greater than2.5x Upper Limit of Normal (ULN) (greater than DAIDS grade 1)
  6. Known hypersensitivity to any ingredients in nevirapine or atazanavir
  7. Patients who are receiving concomitant treatments which are not permitted, as listed in Appendix 10.6
  8. Use of other investigational medications within 30 days before study entry or during the trial
  9. Use of immunomodulatory drugs within 30 days before study entry or during the trial (e.g., interferon, cyclosporin, hydroxyurea, interleukin 2, chronic treatment with prednisone)
  10. Patients with Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML), visceral Kaposi's Sarcoma (KS), and/or any lymphoma
  11. Any AIDS defining illness that is unresolved, symptomatic or not stable on treatment for at least 12 weeks at the screening visit
  12. Patients who are receiving systemic chemotherapy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00552240

Locations
United States, California
1100.1512.28 Boehringer Ingelheim Investigational Site
Beverly Hills, California, United States
1100.1512.20 Boehringer Ingelheim Investigational Site
Los Angeles, California, United States
United States, Colorado
1100.1512.15 Boehringer Ingelheim Investigational Site
Denver, Colorado, United States
United States, District of Columbia
1100.1512.26 Boehringer Ingelheim Investigational Site
Washington, District of Columbia, United States
United States, Florida
1100.1512.17 Boehringer Ingelheim Investigational Site
Fort Lauderdale, Florida, United States
1100.1512.14 Boehringer Ingelheim Investigational Site
Orlando, Florida, United States
1100.1512.23 Boehringer Ingelheim Investigational Site
Vero Beach, Florida, United States
United States, Illinois
1100.1512.29 Boehringer Ingelheim Investigational Site
Maywood, Illinois, United States
United States, New Jersey
1100.1512.11 Boehringer Ingelheim Investigational Site
Neptune, New Jersey, United States
1100.1512.25 Boehringer Ingelheim Investigational Site
Newark, New Jersey, United States
1100.1512.18 Boehringer Ingelheim Investigational Site
Somers Point, New Jersey, United States
United States, North Carolina
1100.1512.22 Boehringer Ingelheim Investigational Site
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States
United States, Pennsylvania
1100.1512.21 Boehringer Ingelheim Investigational Site
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
United States, South Carolina
1100.1512.13 Boehringer Ingelheim Investigational Site
Charleston, South Carolina, United States
United States, Texas
1100.1512.30 Boehringer Ingelheim Investigational Site
Dallas, Texas, United States
1100.1512.19 Boehringer Ingelheim Investigational Site
Fort Worth, Texas, United States
1100.1512.16 Boehringer Ingelheim Investigational Site
Houston, Texas, United States
1100.1512.24 Boehringer Ingelheim Investigational Site
Houston, Texas, United States
United States, Virginia
1100.1512.27 Boehringer Ingelheim Investigational Site
Annandale, Virginia, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
Boehringer Ingelheim
Investigators
Study Chair: Boehringer Ingelheim Boehringer Ingelheim
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Boehringer Ingelheim, Study Chair, Boehringer Ingelheim
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00552240     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1100.1512
Study First Received: September 28, 2007
Results First Received: March 16, 2011
Last Updated: December 9, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Immune System Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Slow Virus Diseases
Virus Diseases
Atazanavir
Emtricitabine
Nevirapine
Ritonavir
Tenofovir
Tenofovir disoproxil
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Pharmacologic Actions
Protease Inhibitors
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 23, 2014