TMC278-TiDP6-C215: A Clinical Trial in Treatment Naive HIV-subjects Patients Comparing TMC278 to Efavirenz in Combination With 2 Nucleoside/Nucleotide Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
The purpose of this trial is to compare the effectiveness, safety and tolerability of TMC278 given at a dose of 25 mg once daily versus efavirenz (EFV) at a dose of 600 mg once daily, when combined with a background regimen containing 2 nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors ( investigator choice of ABC/3TC, TDF/FTC or AZT/3TC) in HIV-1 infected patients who have not yet taken any anti-HIV drugs. The following evaluations will be done: antiviral activity, immunologic changes, and viral geno-/phenotype evolution, relationship of Pharmacokinetics (PK) and PK/Pharmacodynamics and Medical resource utilization and treatment adherence.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Phase III, Randomized, Double-blind Trial of TMC278 25mg q.d. Versus Efavirenz 600mg q.d. in Combination With a Background Regimen Containing 2 Nucleoside/Nucleotide Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors in Antiretroviral-naive HIV-1 Infected Subjects.|
- Virological Response[ITT - TLOVR,<50 Copies/mL] [ Time Frame: Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Virological response is defined as confirmed plasma viral load < 50 HIV-1 (RNA) copies/mL at Week 48. The TLOVR algorithm was used to derive response. Response needed to be confirmed at 2 consecutive visits and subjects who permanently discontinued were considered nonresponders after discontinuation. Resuppression after confirmed virologic failure was considered as failure. Virologic Failure includes subjects who were rebounder (confirmed viral load >= 50 copies/mL after being responder) or who were never suppressed (no confirmed viral load <50 copies/mL)
- Virological Response[ITT - Snapshot,<50 Copies/mL] [ Time Frame: Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The analysis is based on the last observed viral load (VL) data within the Week 48 window. Virologic response is defined as a VL<50 copies/mL (observed case). Missing VL was considered as non-response. Virologic Failure includes subjects who had VL>=50 copies/mL in the Wk48 window, subjects who discontinued early due to lack or loss of efficacy, subjects who discontinued for reasons other than an adverse event, death or lack or loss of efficacy and at the time of discontinuation had a VL>=50 copies/mL, and subjects who had a switch in background regimen that was not permitted by the protocol.
|Study Start Date:||May 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: 002
efavirenz 600 mg tablet once daily for 96 weeks
600 mg tablet once daily for 96 weeks
TMC278 25 mg tablet once daily for 96 weeks
25 mg tablet once daily for 96 weeks
Over the past decade, anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) drugs have been introduced sequentially for use in the clinic. Currently, patients are routinely being treated with 3 or 4 drug combinations including nucleoside/tide analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs/NtRTIs), non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs), protease inhibitors (PIs), and/or fusion inhibitors. New potent antiretroviral (ARV) compounds that work in people whose HIV-1 virus is resistant to available drugs are urgently needed. This is a Phase III, randomized (study medication is assigned by chance), double-blind (neither the study physician nor the patient knows the name of the study assigned medication), double-dummy, active-controlled trial to compare the effectiveness, safety, and ability to tolerate TMC278 versus efavirenz (EFV). The study will last for 104 weeks which includes a screening period of 4 weeks, a 96-week treatment period, followed by a 4 week follow-up period. Patients will be randomly assigned (like tossing a coin) to TMC278 or to efavirenz in combination with two other anti-HIV drugs of the class nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors. The hypothesis to be provided in this study is that the investigational drug TMC278 will perform just like efavirenz (EFV) in terms of antiviral effectiveness (i.e., suppressing of the plasma viral load to a level < 50 HIV-1 RNA (ribonucleic acid) copies/mL, in ARV-naïve HIV-infected patients. During the trial, patients' health will be monitored by physical examination, interview to assess health and well being, and laboratory testing on blood and urine samples. Experimental Group: One tablet of TMC278 25 mg daily; plus efavirenz (EFV) placebo; plus 2 nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors; Control Group: One tablet of Placebo daily that looks just like TMC278 plus EFV 600 mg daily plus 2 nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors for 104 weeks.
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|Study Director:||Tibotec Pharmaceuticals Clinical Trial||Tibotec Pharmaceutical Limited|