Benefits of Switching Antidepressants Following Early Nonresponse

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified September 2009 by Oizumi Hospital.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Oizumi Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00519012
First received: August 20, 2007
Last updated: September 26, 2009
Last verified: September 2009
  Purpose

Introduction and Purpose:

Most of the guidelines for the treatment of major depression recommend the use of antidepressants for 4 to 8 weeks. On the other hand, it has been recently reported that they start to show their antidepressant efficacy within a couple of weeks (1,2), contrary to the conventional theory. In addition, a good response (i.e. a 20% reduction in the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale [MADRS]) at week 2 is proposed to be a predictor of subsequent remission at week 6 (3,4), while nonresponse at week 2 could predict unfavourable outcome at week 8 (5). Furthermore, early worsening is suggested to be related to a low rate of remission at weeks 8 and 12(6).


Condition Intervention Phase
Depression
Drug: Sertraline to Paroxetine
Drug: Paroxetine to Sertraline
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Prospective 24-week Study, Comparing Clinical Outcomes Between Switching Antidepressants and Maintaining the Same Antidepressant in Patients With Major Depressive Disorder Who do Not Show a 20% Reduction in Symptoms at Week 2

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Oizumi Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale [ Time Frame: at weeks1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24 and 48 - 52. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • The Clinical Global Impression 2. The Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology self-reported [ Time Frame: at weeks1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24 and 48 - 52. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Estimated Enrollment: 200
Study Start Date: August 2007
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Arm-1
Sertraline to Paroxetine
Drug: Sertraline to Paroxetine
For subjects enrolled in this arm, sertraline will be initiated at 25mg, increased to 50mg on day 3, and maintained until day 14. If subjects show an early response (i.e. a 20% improvement in the MADRS total score from baseline) at week 2, sertraline will be continued and titrated at 50 - 100mg based on clinical judgment. On the other hand, if subjects fail to show an early response at week 2, they will be randomly divided into two groups. In one group, sertraline will be continued and titrated at 50 - 100mg, whereas in the other group sertraline will be switched to paroxetine. In this switching group, paroxetine will be started at 10mg on days 15 and 16, increased to 20mg on day 17, and further increased to 40mg by a weekly 10mg increase, while sertraline will be dosed at 25mg on day 15 and terminated on day 16.
Active Comparator: 2
Paroxetine to Sertraline
Drug: Paroxetine to Sertraline
Paroxetine will be initiated at 10mg, increased to 20mg on day 3, and maintained until day 14. If subjects show an early response (i.e. a 20% improvement in the MADRS total score from baseline) at week 2, paroxetine will be continued and titrated at 20 - 40mg based on clinical judgment. On the other hand, if subjects fail to show an early response at week 2, they will be randomly divided into two groups. In one group, paroxetine will be continued and titrated at 20 - 40mg, whereas in the other group paroxetine will be switched to sertraline. In this switching group, sertraline will be started at 25mg on days 15 and 16, increased to 50mg on day 17, and further increased to 100mg by a weekly 25mg increase, while paroxetine will be dosed at 10mg on day 15 and terminated on day 16.

Detailed Description:

To the researchers' knowledge, there is no report to prospectively examine the benefits of switching antidepressants following early nonresponse. In this prospective 24-week study, the researchers will compare clinical outcomes between switching antidepressants and maintaining the same antidepressant in patients with major depressive disorder who do not show a 20% reduction in symptoms at week 2.

Materials and Methods: This open-label 24-week randomized controlled trial will be performed at psychiatric hospitals in Tokyo, Japan.

This study will be conducted with the approval of the Institutional Review Board of each participating hospital, and written informed consent will be obtained from all of the participants after providing a full explanation about the study.

In the short-term acute phase, sertraline will be initiated at 25 mg, increased to 50 mg on day 3, and maintained until day 14. If patients show an early response (i.e. ≧ 20% improvement in the MADRS total score from baseline), sertraline will be continued and titrated at 50 - 100 mg based on clinical judgment. On the other hand, if patients show no early response, they will be randomly divided into two groups. In one group, sertraline will be continued and titrated at 50 - 100 mg, whereas in the other group sertraline will be switched to paroxetine. Paroxetine will be started at 10 mg on days 15 and 16, increased to 20 mg on day 17, and further increased weekly by 10 mg from week 4 (i.e. day 22), while sertraline will be tapered by 25 mg each on days 15 and 16. In case patients are intolerant to adverse events, or they achieve remission (i.e. the MADRS total score ≦ 8), increasing the dose will be terminated. Lorazepam, lormetazepam, and mosapride will be allowed on a p.r.n. basis.

In the long-term follow-up phase after week 8, patients who achieve remission or response will be followed up and the same dose will be administered throughout. Assessments will include the MADRS, the clinical global impression scale (CGI), and the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology self-reported (QIDS-SR) (weeks 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 20, and 24). Adverse events will also be monitored on every visit.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Inpatients and outpatients who meet the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria of major depression disorder (MDD)
  2. Have not taken antidepressants for the previous one month
  3. Do not have emergent suicidal ideation defined as a score of 4 or less on suicidal thoughts item in the MADRS.

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Unstable physical illness or clinically significant neurological disorder
  2. Having emergent suicidal idea defined as a score of 5 or more on the suicidal thoughts item in the MADRS.
  3. Having history of non-response or intolerance to paroxetine or sertraline.

This study will be conducted with the approval of the Institutional Review Board of each participating hospital, and written informed consent will be obtained from all of the participants after providing a full explanation of the study.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00519012

Contacts
Contact: Shinichiro Nakajima, M.D. 008139242450 shinichiro_nakajima@hotmail.com

Locations
Japan
Oizumi Hospital Recruiting
6-9-1 Oizumigakuen-cho, Nerima-ku, Tokyo, Japan, 178-061
Contact: Shinichiro Nakajima, M.D.         
Principal Investigator: Shinichiro Nakajima, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Oizumi Hospital
Investigators
Study Chair: Shinichiro Nakajima, M.D. Oizumi Hospital
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Shinichiro Nakajima, Keio university
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00519012     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 19760629
Study First Received: August 20, 2007
Last Updated: September 26, 2009
Health Authority: Japan: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Oizumi Hospital:
early nonresponse

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Depression
Behavioral Symptoms
Antidepressive Agents
Paroxetine
Sertraline
Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation
Central Nervous System Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neurotransmitter Agents
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Psychotropic Drugs
Serotonin Agents
Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 20, 2014