Zactima With Temodar During Radiation Treatment for Newly Diagnosed Stage IV Brain Tumors

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Massachusetts General Hospital
University of Virginia
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Henry Ford Hospital
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Patrick Y. Wen, MD, Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00441142
First received: February 27, 2007
Last updated: June 11, 2014
Last verified: June 2014
  Purpose

Phase I:

The purpose of this research study is to determine the safety of the combination treatment of ZD6474 (Vandetanib) with the standard therapy for glioblastomas and gliosarcomas, temozolomide (Temodar) and radiation therapy. This agent is investigational for the treatment of glioblastomas. We will determine the highest dose of ZD6474 (Vandetanib) that can be given safely when combined with temozolomide (Temodar) and radiation therapy.

Phase II:

The purpose of this research study is to determine the efficacy of the combination treatment of ZD6474 (Vandetanib) with the standard therapy for glioblastomas and gliosarcomas, temozolomide (Temodar) and radiation therapy. This agent is investigational for the treatment of glioblastomas.

All subjects participating in this research study must NOT be taking a certain type of anti-seizure medication called enzyme inducing anticonvulsant drugs. These drugs include (but are not limited to) the following medications: Dilantin, Tegretol, Phenobarbital and trileptal.


Condition Intervention Phase
Glioblastoma Multiforme
Gliosarcoma
Drug: ZD6474
Drug: temozolomide
Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Study of ZD6474 (Vandetanib) With Radiation Therapy and Concomitant and Adjuvant Temozolomide in Patients With Newly-Diagnosed Glioblastoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • PHASE I: To determine the maximum tolerated dose of ZD6474 (Vandetanib) in patients with newly-diagnosed glioblastomas multiforme (GBM) and gliosarcomas who are also receiving radiation therapy with concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide. [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • PHASE II: To determine the efficacy of ZD6474 (Vandetanib) in combination with radiation therapy and concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide in patients with newly-diagnosed GBM and gliosarcomas as measured by overall survival and median survival. [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • PHASE II: To determine the 12-month survival and median time to tumor progression. [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • PHASE II: To further evaluate the safety profile of ZD6474 (Vandetanib) in combination with radiation therapy and temozolomide in this patient population. [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • PHASE I: To define the safety of ZD6474 (Vandetanib) with radiation therapy and concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide in this population. [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Estimated Enrollment: 126
Study Start Date: May 2007
Estimated Study Completion Date: February 2015
Primary Completion Date: August 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: A

The "Induction" Phase:

Temozolomide (75 mg/m2 daily for 6 weeks) with concurrent fractionated radiation therapy for approximately 6 weeks (XRT must be given by external beam to a partial brain field in daily fractions of 180-200 cGy, to a planned total dose to the tumor of approximately 6000 cGy), followed by 4-6 weeks rest.

Followed by the "Maintenance" Phase:

12 cycles of adjuvant temozolomide [at 150 mg/m2/day orally for 5 days (days 1-5) of a 28-day TMZ cycle; if 150 mg/m2/day is tolerated without difficulty and the investigator feels the patient can tolerate 200 mg/m2/day, then an increase to a maximum of 200 mg/m2/day for five days every 28 days may be given].

Drug: temozolomide

During the 'Induction' phase: 75/mg/m2/day temozolomide will be given orally daily for 6 weeks (42 days) during radiation therapy, beginning either the night before or on the first day of the first fraction of radiation, including weekends and holidays. This is followed by a 4-6 week break.

During the 'Maintenance' phase: The first post-radiation temozolomide cycle will be administered at 150 mg/m2/day orally for 5 days (days 1-5) of a 28-day TMZ cycle. If 150 mg/m2/day is tolerated without difficulty and the investigator feels the patient can tolerate 200 mg/m2/day, then an increase to a maximum of 200 mg/m2/day for five days every 28 days may be given. This is given for 12 cycles.

Other Name: Temodar
Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Radiotherapy must be given by external beam to a partial brain field in daily fractions of 180-200 cGy, to a planned total dose to the tumor of approximately 6000 cGy.
Other Names:
  • RT
  • XRT
Experimental: B

The "Induction" Phase:

ZD6474 (Vandetanib) daily (to begin 5-7 days prior to starting participant's RT) Temozolomide (75 mg/m2 daily for 6 weeks) with concurrent fractionated radiation therapy for approximately 6 weeks (XRT must be given by external beam to a partial brain field in daily fractions of 180-200 cGy, to a planned total dose to the tumor of approximately 6000 cGy), followed by 4-6 weeks rest.

Followed by the "Maintenance" Phase:

12 cycles of adjuvant temozolomide [at 150 mg/m2/day orally for 5 days (days 1-5) of a 28-day TMZ cycle; if 150 mg/m2/day is tolerated without difficulty and the investigator feels the patient can tolerate 200 mg/m2/day, then an increase to a maximum of 200 mg/m2/day for five days every 28 days may be given].

ZD6474 (Vandetanib) daily for the twelve (12) 28-day cycles of adjuvant temozolomide, with the option to continue until participant experiences an unacceptable toxicity or his/her tumor progresses.

Drug: ZD6474
Taken orally once a day (at 100 mg/day is the phase II dose; the MTD determined by the phase I portion of the trial) until disease gets worse or participants experience unacceptable side effects
Other Names:
  • Vandetanib
  • Zactima
Drug: temozolomide

During the 'Induction' phase: 75/mg/m2/day temozolomide will be given orally daily for 6 weeks (42 days) during radiation therapy, beginning either the night before or on the first day of the first fraction of radiation, including weekends and holidays. This is followed by a 4-6 week break.

During the 'Maintenance' phase: The first post-radiation temozolomide cycle will be administered at 150 mg/m2/day orally for 5 days (days 1-5) of a 28-day TMZ cycle. If 150 mg/m2/day is tolerated without difficulty and the investigator feels the patient can tolerate 200 mg/m2/day, then an increase to a maximum of 200 mg/m2/day for five days every 28 days may be given. This is given for 12 cycles.

Other Name: Temodar
Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Radiotherapy must be given by external beam to a partial brain field in daily fractions of 180-200 cGy, to a planned total dose to the tumor of approximately 6000 cGy.
Other Names:
  • RT
  • XRT

Detailed Description:

Currently the standard treatment for glioblastomas and gliosarcomas is temozolomide (Temodar) and radiation therapy. This study is being done because research has shown that glioblastomas have genetic changes that may cause an excess of certain cell growth factors and their receptors, which can cause uncontrolled tumor growth. The drug being used in this research study, ZD6474 (Vandetanib), is designed to block the receptors to two of these growth factors, the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and the epidermal growth factor (EGF). These growth factors are important in pathways that promote tumor growth and increasing blood supply to the tumor. Blocking these receptors may reduce the blood supply to the tumor and help slow down tumor growth. There is also laboratory evidence that blocking these receptors may increase the sensitivity of glioblastomas to radiation therapy.

This research study is a Phase I/II clinical trial.

Phase I clinical trials test the safety of an investigational drug. Phase I studies also try to define the appropriate dose of the investigational drug to use for further studies. We will determine the highest dose of ZD6474 (Vandetanib) that can be given safely when combined with temozolomide (Temodar) and radiation therapy.

The purpose of Phase II of this research study is to determine the efficacy of the combination treatment of ZD6474 (Vandetanib) with the standard therapy for glioblastomas and gliosarcomas, temozolomide (Temodar) and radiation therapy. It will look to see how patients fare on treatment (if they progress and when, how they are doing after 12 months of treatment). In this research study, the safety of the combination treatment of ZD6474 (Vandetanib) with the standard therapy for glioblastomas and gliosarcomas, temozolomide (Temodar) and radiation therapy will be further evaluated. We will also be looking at samples to see if there are correlations between them and how well patients do on treatment.

This agent is investigational for the treatment of glioblastomas. "Investigational" means that the drug is still being studied and that research doctors are trying to find out more about it. It also means that the FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) has not approved ZD6474 (Vandetanib) for use for your type of cancer. All subjects participating in this research study must NOT be taking a certain type of anti-seizure medication called enzyme inducing anticonvulsant drugs. These drugs include the following medications: Dilantin, Tegretol, Phenobarbital and trileptal.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

All inclusion and exclusion criteria apply to both phase I and II patients.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with histologically proven intracranial glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and gliosarcoma will be eligible for this protocol.
  • Gadolinium MRI or contrast CT must be obtained within 14 days prior to registration.
  • Patients must have a plan to begin treatment with ZD6474 (vandetanib) and/or temozolomide 21 to 35 days after surgical resection or 14 to 35 days after stereotactic biopsy.
  • Subjects must have a plan to begin partial brain radiotherapy 5-7 days after beginning ZD6474. Radiotherapy must be a) at the Radiation Oncology Department of the participating institution, b) at an affiliated site that is currently approved to participate in any trial of the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG), or c) at another location with prior approval from the Overall PI of the trial. Radiotherapy must be given by external beam to a partial brain field in daily fractions of 180 to 200 cGy, to a planned total dose to the tumor of approximately 6000 cGy. Stereotactic radiosurgery and brachytherapy will not be allowed.
  • If it is deemed in the best interest of the patient, intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is allowable on this trial. If IMRT is administered, dose specifics must be conducted per institutional guidelines.
  • Subjects must be willing to forego other cytotoxic and non-cytotoxic drug therapy against the tumor while being treated with ZD6474 (ZactimaTM), with the exception of temozolomide.
  • All subjects must sign an informed consent indicating that they are aware of the investigational nature of this study prior to any study-related procedures. Patients must be registered with in the Dana Farber Cancer Institute's Quality Assurance Office for Clinical Trials prior to treatment with ZD6474 (Vandetanib). Patients must sign an authorization for the release of their protected health information.
  • Subjects can be male or female, and must be >/= 18 years old, with a life expectancy > 12 weeks.
  • Subjects must be able to care for themselves (KPS>/=60).
  • Subjects must have adequate labs as defined below:

    • Patients must have adequate bone marrow function (WBC >/= 3,000/μl, ANC >/= 1,500/mm3, platelet count of >/= 100,000/mm3, and hemoglobin >/= 10 gm/dl), adequate liver function (SGOT, SGPT </= 2.5 times ULN; bilirubin </= 1.5 times ULN), and adequate renal function (creatinine < 1.5 mg/dL, and/or serum creatinine </= 1.5 x ULN, and/or creatinine clearance > 30 mL/min, calculated by Cockcroft-Gault formula) before starting therapy. These tests must be performed within 14 days prior to registration. Eligibility level for hemoglobin may be reached by transfusion.
    • Patients must have potassium >/= 4.0 mmol/L and serum calcium (ionized or adjusted for albumin) or magnesium in the normal range (supplementation is allowed).
    • Patients' alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) must be </= 2.5 X ULRR and their alkaline phosphatase (ALP) </= 2.5 x ULRR, (or </= 5x ULRR if judged by the investigator to be related to liver metastases)
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test documented within 14 days prior to registration.
  • Men and women of childbearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception while receiving study medication and continue for at least two months (five half-lives) after their last dose of study medication.
  • Patients must have sufficient tissue available from their prior biopsy/surgery: at least 10 (preferably 20) unstained slides or 1 tissue block.
  • Patients must agree not to donate blood during the trial and for 3 months following their last dose of trial treatment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must not have had prior cranial radiation therapy.
  • Subjects must not have received prior cytotoxic drug therapy, non-cytotoxic drug therapy, or experimental drug therapy for brain tumors.
  • Subjects must not have received prior Gliadel wafers.
  • Subjects must not have received any investigational agents within 30 days prior to commencing study treatment
  • Subjects must not have evidence of severe or uncontrolled systemic disease or any concurrent condition that in the investigator's opinion cannot be adequately controlled with appropriate therapy or would compromise the patient's ability to tolerate this therapy.
  • Subjects with a history of any other cancer (except non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in-situ of the cervix), unless in complete remission and off of all therapy for that disease for a minimum of 3 years are ineligible.
  • Subjects must not have any unresolved toxicity greater than CTC grade 1 related to previous anti-cancer therapy.
  • Subjects must not have active infection.
  • Subjects must not be pregnant/breast feeding.
  • Subjects must not have any disease that will obscure toxicity or dangerously alter drug metabolism.
  • Subjects must not have history of any clinically significant cardiac event, or evidence of heart disease.

    • No event such as myocardial infarction or superior vena cava syndrome (SVC); New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification of heart disease >/= 2 within 3 months before entry; or presence of cardiac disease that, in the opinion of the Investigator, increases the risk of ventricular arrhythmia.
    • No history of arrhythmia (multifocal premature ventricular contractions (PVCs), bigeminy, trigeminy, ventricular tachycardia, or uncontrolled atrial fibrillation) which is symptomatic or requires treatment (CTCAE grade 3) or asymptomatic sustained ventricular tachycardia. Atrial fibrillation, controlled on medication is not excluded.
    • No previous history of QTc prolongation as a result from other medication that required discontinuation of that medication.
    • No congenital long QT syndrome, or1st degree relative with unexplained sudden death under 40 years of age.
    • No left bundle branch block (LBBB).
    • Subject's screening ECG cannot indicate QTc (with Bazett's correction) that is either unmeasurable or >/= 480 msec on. If subject's screening QTc >/= 480 msec, it may be repeated twice (at least 24 hours apart). The average QTc from the 3 screening ECGs must be < 480 msec. Patients who are receiving a drug that has a risk of inducing Torsades de Pointes are excluded if QTc is >/= 460 msec.
  • Subjects must not be taking any enzyme-inducing anti-epileptic drugs (EIAED) or other drugs that are potent inducers of CYP3A4 function (rifampicin, rifabutin, phenytoin, carbamazepine, phenobarbitol and St. John's Wort). If patients were previously on EIAEDs and these have been discontinued, patients must have been off the agent for at least 7 days prior to registration.
  • Subjects must not be taking concomitant medications known to prolong the QT interval and have a risk of inducing Torsade de Pointes (TdP). Any concurrent medication with a known risk of inducing TdP that, in the investigator's opinion cannot be discontinued, will be allowed; however, these patients must be monitored closely.
  • Subjects must not have uncontrolled hypertension (high blood pressure).
  • Subjects must not have active diarrhea that may affect the ability of the patient to absorb or tolerate ZD6474 (Vandetanib).
  • Subjects with confirmed diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are excluded at the investigator's discretion if he/she feels that 1) a potential drug interaction between ZD6474 (Vandetanib) and any of the patient's anti-HIV medications could influence the efficacy of the anti-HIV medication, or 2) it may place the patient at risk due to the pharmacologic activity of ZD6474 (Vandetanib).
  • Subjects' pre-operative MRI must not demonstrate significant intratumoral or peritumoral hemorrhage & post-operative MRI must not demonstrate a large amount of peri-operative parenchymal hemorrhage. (Patients may have postoperative intracavitary blood.)
  • Subjects must not have had major surgery (unrelated to the glioblastoma) within 4 weeks before starting study therapy, and subjects cannot have a surgical incision that has not completely healed before starting study therapy.
  • Subjects must not be receiving Coumadin (subjects may take low molecular weight heparin).
  • Subjects must not have enrolled on this trial previously.
  • Subjects must have had no involvement in the planning or conduct of the study (applies to both AstraZeneca staff or staff at the study site).
  • Any of the following lab results will result in patient exclusion from trial:

    • Potassium: < 4.0 mmol/L despite supplementation, or above the CTCAE grade 1 upper limit.
    • Magnesium below the normal range despite supplementation, or above the CTCAE grade 1 upper limit.
    • Serum calcium above the CTCAE grade 1 upper limit.

NOTE: In cases where the serum calcium is below the normal range, 2 options would be available:

  • The calcium adjusted for albumin is to be obtained and substituted for the measured serum value. Exclusion is to then be based on the adjusted for albumin values falling below the normal limit.
  • Determine the ionized calcium levels. If these ionized calcium levels are out of normal range despite supplementation, then the patient must be excluded.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00441142

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Dana Farber / Brigham and Women's Cancer Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
United States, Michigan
Henry Ford Hospital
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48202
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15232-1305
United States, Virginia
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia, United States, 22908-4324
Sponsors and Collaborators
Patrick Y. Wen, MD
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Massachusetts General Hospital
University of Virginia
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Henry Ford Hospital
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Patrick Y Wen, MD Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Patrick Y. Wen, MD, Director, Center For Neuro-Oncology, Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00441142     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 06-377, IRUSZACT0018
Study First Received: February 27, 2007
Last Updated: June 11, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:
Newly diagnosed malignant brain tumors.

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Brain Neoplasms
Glioblastoma
Gliosarcoma
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Astrocytoma
Glioma
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Temozolomide
Dacarbazine
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 26, 2014