The Effect of Antimicrobial Therapy on the Serum Level of P-cresol in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients
An important subgroup of protein-bound toxins are generated as a result of protein fermentation in the colon. P-cresol is a fermentation metabolite of tyrosine. In renal failure, the colonic generation rate of p-cresol is markedly elevated. After absorption, the majority of p-cresol is conjugated to form p-cresyl sulphate. There is clear evidence, both in vitro and in vivo, that accumulation of conjugated fermentation metabolites is correlated with clinical important endpoints. Free p-cresol is an independent predictor for mortality in hemodialysis patients.
Moreover, in renal failure patients, neither hemodialysis nor peritoneal dialysis is capable of normalising the clearly elevated serum concentrations of p-cresyl sulphate. Removal is at least partially diminished by the important protein binding of p-cresol. Besides adaptation of renal replacement therapies to improve removal of protein bound solutes, another approach is to lower the generation of uremic toxins.
The mechanisms underlying colonic carbohydrate and protein fermentation, responsible for the generation of p-cresol, are only partially understood. On the one hand, the ratio of fermentable carbohydrates to proteins has been shown to be an important determinant of protein fermentation. On the other hand, changes in the colonic bacterial flora influence the generation of p-cresol in dogs and in healthy human individuals.
The effect of antibiotic therapy on bacterial protein fermentation and thus on the generation of p-cresol is not known. A reanalysis of data abstracted from a recent longitudinal study in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients suggests that antibiotic therapy may lower p-cresol levels substantially. The current study aims at confirming these data in a prospective manner.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Study on the Effect of Flucloxacillin on the Serum Level of P-cresol in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients|
- p-cresol reduction rate [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||March 2006|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
500 mg QD oral
Other Name: Floxapen
|No Intervention: II|
|Universitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven|
|Leuven, Vlaams-Brabant, Belgium, 3000|
|Study Chair:||Björn Meijers, MD||UZ Leuven|
|Study Director:||Pieter Evenepoel, MD, PhD||UZ Leuven|