Safety of Switching From Donepezil to Rivastigmine Patch in Patients With Probable Alzheimer's Disease

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novartis
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00428389
First received: January 26, 2007
Last updated: June 5, 2014
Last verified: June 2014
  Purpose

This study was designed to evaluate the safety and tolerability of switching from donepezil to an initial dose of 5cm^2 rivastigmine patch formulation in patients with probable Alzheimer's Disease (MMSE 10-24). The study included a 5-week, open-label, randomized period followed by a 20-week open-label extension period. Patients were randomized to either an immediate switch from donepezil to rivastigmine patch formulation or to a switch to rivastigmine patch formulation following a 7-day withdrawal period.


Condition Intervention Phase
Alzheimer's Disease
Drug: Rivastigmine 5 cm^2 transdermal patch
Drug: Rivastigmine 10 cm^2 transdermal patch
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective, 5-Week, Open-Label, Randomized, Multi-Center, Parallel-Group Study With a 20-Week, Open-Label Extension Evaluating the Tolerability and Safety of Switching From Donepezil to an Initial Dose of 5 cm2 Rivastigmine Patch Formulation in Patients With Probable Alzheimer's Disease

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Novartis:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants Who Discontinued From the Study Due to Any Reason During the Core Phase of the Study [ Time Frame: Baseline through the end of the core phase of the study (Week 5) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The primary objective of the study was to evaluate the safety and tolerability of 2 paradigms for switching from donepezil to rivastigmine patch in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The primary variable to assess tolerability of switching was the number of participants who discontinued from the study due to any reason during the core phase.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants Who Discontinued From the Study Due to Any Adverse Event (AE) During the Combined Core and Extension Phases of the Study [ Time Frame: Baseline through the end of study (25 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A secondary assessment of the safety and tolerability of 2 paradigms for switching from donepezil to rivastigmine patch in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) was the number of participants who discontinued from the study due to an AE during the combined core and extension phases of the study.

  • Number of Participants Who Discontinued From Study Due to Any Reason During Extension Phase [ Time Frame: From week 5 through the end of extension phase (25 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A secondary assessment of the safety and tolerability of 2 paradigms for switching from donepezil to rivastigmine patch in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) was the number of participants who discontinued from the study due to any reason during extension phases of the study.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in the Clinical Global Impression of Change (CGIC) Score at Week 5 and Week 25 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 5 (end of the core phase) and Week 25 (end of the extension phase) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The CGIC is an assessment tool used by a skilled clinician to make a judgment of the severity or a change of a patient's condition. The clinician relies solely on information obtained from the patient at the Baseline visit as well as clinical information obtained throughout the study period. The clinician does not have access to any post-baseline cognitive testing data. The CGIC is rated on a seven-point scale, ranging from (1) "very much improved" to (4) "no change" to (7) "very much worse".

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE) Score at Week 25 and at the End of Study [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 25 (end of the extension phase) and at the end of study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The MMSE is a brief, practical screening test for cognitive dysfunction. The test consists of five sections (orientation, registration, attention-calculation, recall, and language); the total score can range from 0 to 30, with a higher score indicating better function. A positive change score indicates improvement.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Neuropsychiatric Inventory - 10 Item (NPI-10) Score at Week 25 and at the End of Study. [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 25 (end of the extension phase) and at End of Study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The NPI-10 assesses a wide range of behavior problems encountered in dementia patients. The 10 behavioral domains comprising the NPI-10 are evaluated through an interview of the caregiver by a mental health professional. The scale includes both frequency and severity ratings of each domain as well as a composite domain score (frequency x severity). The sum of the composite scores for the 10 domains yields the NPI total score, which ranges from 0 to 120, the lower the score the less severe the symptoms. A negative change score from baseline indicates improvement.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in the Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study-Activities of Daily Living (ADCS-ADL) Total Score at Week 25 and at the End of Study [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 25 (end of the extension phase) and at the end of Study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The ADCS-ADL scale is composed of 23 items to assess the basic and instrumental activities of daily living such as those necessary for personal care, communicating and interacting with other people, maintaining a household, conducting hobbies and interests, making judgments and decisions. Responses for each item are obtained through a caregiver interview. The total score is the sum of all items and sub-questions. The range for the total ADCS-ADL score is 0 to 78; a higher score indicates a more self-sufficient individual. A positive change from baseline indicates improvement.


Enrollment: 262
Study Start Date: January 2007
Study Completion Date: February 2008
Primary Completion Date: February 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Immediate Switch
Patients randomized to the immediate switch group continued treatment with donepezil through the evening prior to Day 8 of the study. On Day 8, all patients began open-label treatment with 5 cm^2 rivastigmine patch formulation. A new patch was applied daily for 4 weeks. Patients who completed the core phase had the option of entering the extension phase, in which they received open-label treatment with rivastigmine patch formulation for an additional 20 weeks. In the absence of any dose-limiting adverse events (AEs), the dose was increased to 10 cm^2 patch, and it remained the same through Week 25. Patients who experienced dose-limiting AEs had their dose reduced to 5 cm^2 patch and continued on their best tolerated dose for the remainder of the study.
Drug: Rivastigmine 5 cm^2 transdermal patch
Rivastigmine 5 cm^2 patch size, loaded with 9 mg and providing 4.6 mg rivastigmine per 24 hours.
Drug: Rivastigmine 10 cm^2 transdermal patch
Rivastigmine 10 cm^2 patch size loaded with 18 mg and providing 9.5 mg rivastigmine per 24 hours.
Experimental: Delayed Switch
Patients randomized to the delayed switch group were switched to 5 cm^2 rivastigmine patch formulation on Day 8, following a 7-day withdrawal period from donepezil. A new patch was applied daily for 4 weeks. Patients who completed the core phase had the option of entering the extension phase, in which they received open-label treatment with rivastigmine patch formulation for an additional 20 weeks. In the absence of any dose-limiting adverse events (AEs), the dose was increased to 10 cm^2 patch, and it remained the same through Week 25. Patients who experienced dose-limiting AEs had their dose reduced to 5 cm^2 patch and continued on their best tolerated dose for the remainder of the study.
Drug: Rivastigmine 5 cm^2 transdermal patch
Rivastigmine 5 cm^2 patch size, loaded with 9 mg and providing 4.6 mg rivastigmine per 24 hours.
Drug: Rivastigmine 10 cm^2 transdermal patch
Rivastigmine 10 cm^2 patch size loaded with 18 mg and providing 9.5 mg rivastigmine per 24 hours.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Be at least 50 years of age;
  • Have a diagnosis of probable Alzheimer's Disease;
  • Have an MMSE score of > or = 10 and < or = 24;
  • Must have a caregiver who is able to attend all study visits;
  • Have received continuous treatment with donepezil for at least 6 months prior to screening, and received a stable dose of 5 mg/day or 10 mg/day for at least the last 3 of these 6 months.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Have an advanced, severe, progressive, or unstable disease of any type that may interfere with efficacy and safety assessments or put the patient at special risk;
  • Have a history of malignancy of any organ system, treated or untreated, within the past 5 years;
  • Have a history within the past year or current diagnosis of cerebrovascular disease;
  • Have a current diagnosis of severe or unstable cardiovascular disease; Have a history of myocardial infarction (MI) in the last six months;
  • Severe or unstable respiratory conditions (e.g., severe asthma , severe pulmonary (lung) disease);
  • Digestive problems related to peptic ulcer;
  • Urinary obstruction or current severe urinary tract infection;
  • Abnormal thyroid function tests;
  • Low folate or Vitamin B12;
  • Have a disability that may prevent the patient from completing all study requirements;
  • Have a current diagnosis of an active skin lesion/disorder that would prevent adhesion of a patch;

Other protocol-defined inclusion/exclusion criteria may apply

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00428389

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Novartis
Investigators
Study Director: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Novartis Pharmaceuticals
  More Information

No publications provided by Novartis

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Novartis
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00428389     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CENA713DUS38, CENA713DUS38E1
Study First Received: January 26, 2007
Results First Received: December 22, 2010
Last Updated: June 5, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Novartis:
Dementia, Alzheimer's, Rivastigmine, donepezil

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alzheimer Disease
Dementia
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Tauopathies
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders
Rivastigmine
Donepezil
Cholinesterase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Cholinergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Neuroprotective Agents
Protective Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Nootropic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 25, 2014