Safety of and Immune Response to a DNA HIV Vaccine Followed by an Adenoviral Vaccine Boost Given Three Different Ways to HIV Uninfected Adults

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
HIV Vaccine Trials Network
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00384787
First received: October 4, 2006
Last updated: September 22, 2014
Last verified: September 2014
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to determine the safety of, immune response to, and tolerability of an adenoviral vector HIV vaccine given after a three-dose regimen of a DNA HIV vaccine. The adenoviral vaccine will be given into arm muscle (intramuscularly), between skin layers (intradermally), or under the skin (subcutaneously).

NOTE: In October 2007, vaccinations with the adenoviral vaccine, VRC-HIVADV014-00-VP, were discontinued. In December 2007, vaccinations with the DNA vaccine were also discontinued. Participants will be followed for safety and immune responses at regular study visits.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Biological: VRC-HIVDNA009-00-VP
Biological: VRC-HIVADV014-00-VP
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase Ib Clinical Trial to Compare the Safety, Tolerability, and Immunogenicity of an HIV-1 Adenoviral Vector Boost Administered Intramuscularly, Intradermally, or Subcutaneously After an HIV-1 DNA Plasmid Vaccine Prime Administered Intramuscularly to Healthy Adenovirus Type 5 Seropositive HIV-1-Uninfected Adults

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety (local and systemic reactogenicity signs and symptoms, laboratory measures, and adverse events) [ Time Frame: After each injection and for 12 months after the first injection ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Magnitude of HIV-specific T-cell responses assessed by the magnitude of IFN-gamma enzyme-linked immunosorbent spot (ELISpot) responses [ Time Frame: 4 weeks after adenoviral vaccine boost ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Titer of HIV-specific binding antibodies assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) [ Time Frame: 4 weeks after adenoviral vaccine boost ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 90
Study Start Date: November 2006
Study Completion Date: December 2012
Primary Completion Date: November 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Group 1 will receive three vaccinations with the HIV DNA vaccine. Vaccinations will be given at study entry and Months 1 and 2. Participants will also receive an adenoviral vaccine boost intramuscularly at Month 6.
Biological: VRC-HIVDNA009-00-VP
HIV DNA vaccine containing the HIV genes gag, pol, nef, and env A,B, and C. The HIV DNA vaccine will be given in three doses intramuscularly at study entry and Months 1 and 2
Biological: VRC-HIVADV014-00-VP
Adenoviral vector HIV booster vaccine containing the HIV genes gag, pol, and env. The adenoviral vector HIV booster vaccine will be administered intramuscularly (Group 1), intradermally (Group 2), or subcutaneously (Group 3) at Month 6
Experimental: 2
Group 2 will receive three vaccinations with the HIV DNA vaccine. Vaccinations will be given at study entry and Months 1 and 2. Participants will also receive an adenoviral vaccine boost intradermally at Month 6.
Biological: VRC-HIVDNA009-00-VP
HIV DNA vaccine containing the HIV genes gag, pol, nef, and env A,B, and C. The HIV DNA vaccine will be given in three doses intramuscularly at study entry and Months 1 and 2
Biological: VRC-HIVADV014-00-VP
Adenoviral vector HIV booster vaccine containing the HIV genes gag, pol, and env. The adenoviral vector HIV booster vaccine will be administered intramuscularly (Group 1), intradermally (Group 2), or subcutaneously (Group 3) at Month 6
Experimental: 3
Group 3 will receive three vaccinations with the HIV DNA vaccine. Vaccinations will be given at study entry and Months 1 and 2. Participants will also receive an adenoviral vaccine boost subcutaneously at Month 6.
Biological: VRC-HIVDNA009-00-VP
HIV DNA vaccine containing the HIV genes gag, pol, nef, and env A,B, and C. The HIV DNA vaccine will be given in three doses intramuscularly at study entry and Months 1 and 2
Biological: VRC-HIVADV014-00-VP
Adenoviral vector HIV booster vaccine containing the HIV genes gag, pol, and env. The adenoviral vector HIV booster vaccine will be administered intramuscularly (Group 1), intradermally (Group 2), or subcutaneously (Group 3) at Month 6

Detailed Description:

One factor that may affect safety and immunogenicity to an HIV vaccine is the route of vaccine administration. Administration into the skin (intradermal) or subcutaneous tissue may be more immunogenic or provide a different pattern of immune responses than administration by the intramuscular route. Previous studies with other preventive vaccines suggest that the resulting immunogenicity following intradermal or subcutaneous vaccine administration is comparable or better than immunogenicity observed following intramuscular administration. Increased immunogenicity though use of a particular route will likely result in greater demonstrated efficacy, requiring fewer or lower doses of vaccine to elicit a sufficient immune response.

The DNA HIV vaccine VRC-HIVDNA009-00-VP has shown immunogenicity in multiple clinical trials; in one trial, the DNA vaccine demonstrated a nearly 100% CD4 T-cell response rate. The adenoviral vector HIV vaccine VRC-HIVADV014-00-VP has shown immunogenicity when given intramuscularly and has appeared safe and well tolerated in prior vaccine trials in HIV uninfected adults. The DNA plasmids in both vaccines code for proteins from HIV subtypes A, B, and C. This study will evaluate the safety, immunogenicity, and tolerability to a DNA HIV vaccine, followed by an adenoviral vaccine boost given either intramuscularly, intradermally, or subcutaneously, in HIV uninfected adults.

All participants will receive three doses of the DNA vaccine intramuscularly at study entry and Months 1 and 2. Participants will be randomly assigned to one of three groups, differing by how they will receive the adenoviral vaccine boost:

  • Group 1 participants will receive the vaccine boost intramuscularly at Month 6
  • Group 2 participants will receive the vaccine boost intradermally at Month 6
  • Group 3 participants will receive the vaccine boost subcutaneously at Month 6

This study will last 1 year. There will be 12 study visits; a physical exam, medication history, and risk reduction/pregnancy prevention compliance counseling will occur at all visits. Urine and blood collection will occur at selected visits. Participants will be asked to complete a social impact assessment at Months 2, 6, and 12 and an outside testing and belief questionnaire at Months 6 and 12. Participants will be asked to record their temperature and other side effects in a symptom log on the day of each vaccination and for 3 days thereafter to report any side effects.

NOTE: In October 2007, vaccinations with the adenoviral vaccine, VRC-HIVADV014-00-VP, were discontinued. In December 2007, vaccinations with the DNA vaccine were also discontinued. Participants will be followed for safety and immune responses at regular study visits and will be asked to continue in long term follow-up for purposes of safety surveillance to a total of 5 years following initial vaccination

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • HIV-1 and -2 uninfected
  • Good general health
  • Pre-existing adenovirus 5 (Ad5) neutralizing antibody titers of a 1:12 ratio or greater
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen negative
  • Anti-hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) antibody negative or negative HCV PCR if anti-HCV antibody is positive
  • Have access to a participating HIV Vaccine Trials Unit (HVTU) and are willing to be followed during the study
  • Willing to receive HIV test results
  • Able to understand the vaccination procedure
  • Willing to use acceptable forms of contraception

Exclusion Criteria:

  • HIV vaccines or placebos in prior HIV trial. Participants who can provide documentation that they received a placebo in a prior HIV trial may be eligible.
  • Immunosuppressive medications within 168 days prior to first study vaccination
  • Blood products within 120 days prior to first study vaccination
  • Immunoglobulin within 60 days prior to first study vaccination
  • Live attenuated vaccines within 30 days prior to first study vaccination
  • Investigational research agents within 30 days prior to first study vaccination
  • Medically indicated subunit or killed vaccines within 14 days prior to first study vaccination
  • Allergy treatment with antigen injections within 30 days prior to first study vaccination
  • Current anti-tuberculosis (TB) preventive therapy or treatment
  • Clinically significant medical condition, abnormal physical exam findings, abnormal laboratory results, or past medical history that may affect current health. More information about this criterion can be found in the protocol.
  • Any medical, psychiatric, or social condition that would interfere with the study. More information about this criterion can be found in the protocol.
  • Any job-related responsibility that would interfere with the study
  • Serious adverse reactions to vaccines, including hypersensitivity and related symptoms. A person who had an adverse reaction to pertussis vaccine as a child is not excluded.
  • Autoimmune disease or immunodeficiency
  • Active syphilis infection. Participants who have been fully treated for syphilis more than 6 months prior to study entry are not excluded.
  • Moderate to severe asthma. More information on this criterion can be found in the protocol.
  • Type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus. Participants with histories of isolated gestational diabetes are not excluded.
  • Thyroid disease or surgical removal of the thyroid requiring medication during the 12 months prior to study entry
  • Accumulation of fluid in the blood vessels (angioedema) within 3 years prior to study entry if episodes are considered serious or have required medication in the 2 years prior to study entry
  • Uncontrolled hypertension
  • Body mass index (BMI) of 40 or greater OR BMI of 35 or greater if certain other criteria apply. More information about these criteria can be found in the protocol.
  • Bleeding disorder
  • Cancer. Participants with surgically removed cancer that is unlikely to recur are not excluded.
  • Seizure disorder
  • Absence of the spleen
  • Mental illness that would interfere with the study
  • Pregnancy, breastfeeding, or plan to become pregnant during the study
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00384787

Locations
United States, Alabama
Alabama Vaccine CRS
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
United States, Massachusetts
Brigham and Women's Hospital Vaccine CRS (BWH VCRS)
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115-6110
United States, New York
NY Blood Ctr./Bronx CRS
Bronx, New York, United States, 10455
Columbia P&S CRS
New York, New York, United States, 10032-3732
NY Blood Ctr./Union Square CRS
New York, New York, United States, 10003
United States, Washington
Seattle Vaccine and Prevention CRS
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109-1024
Peru
ACSA CRS
Iquitos, Maynas, Peru, 1
Sponsors and Collaborators
HIV Vaccine Trials Network
Investigators
Study Chair: Beryl Koblin, PhD New York Blood Center
Study Chair: Martin Casapia, MD Asociación Civil Impacta Salud y Educación (IMPACTA), Peru
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00384787     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HVTN 069, 10391
Study First Received: October 4, 2006
Last Updated: September 22, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
HIV Seronegativity
Adenoviral Vector Vaccine
DNA Plasmid Vaccine
HIV Preventive Vaccine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Immune System Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Slow Virus Diseases
Virus Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 29, 2014