Tipifarnib and Bortezomib in Treating Patients With Acute Leukemia or Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia in Blast Phase

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00383474
First received: September 29, 2006
Last updated: April 9, 2013
Last verified: April 2013
  Purpose

This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of tipifarnib and bortezomib in treating patients with acute leukemia or chronic myelogenous leukemia in blast phase. Tipifarnib and bortezomib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving tipifarnib together with bortezomib may kill more cancer cells.


Condition Intervention Phase
Adult Acute Basophilic Leukemia
Adult Acute Eosinophilic Leukemia
Adult Acute Megakaryoblastic Leukemia (M7)
Adult Acute Minimally Differentiated Myeloid Leukemia (M0)
Adult Acute Monoblastic Leukemia (M5a)
Adult Acute Monocytic Leukemia (M5b)
Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia With Maturation (M2)
Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia Without Maturation (M1)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22)
Adult Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia (M4)
Adult Erythroleukemia (M6a)
Adult Pure Erythroid Leukemia (M6b)
Blastic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Relapsing Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Untreated Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Untreated Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Drug: tipifarnib
Drug: bortezomib
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Dose-Escalation Study of R115777 (Tipifarnib) Plus PS-341 (Bortezomib) in Relapsed or Refractory Acute Leukemias

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Dose-limiting toxicity and maximum tolerated dose of tipifarnib and bortezomib [ Time Frame: 21 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Farnesytransferase and proteasome inhibition in peripheral blood mononuclear cells [ Time Frame: Day 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Farnesytransferase and proteasome inhibition in peripheral blood mononuclear cells [ Time Frame: Day 15 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Changes in apoptotic protein expression (Bim, Bax, AKT) [ Time Frame: Baseline and day 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Clinical efficacy (response rate) evaluated using the revised International Working Group Criteria (IWG) for AML [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 35
Study Start Date: August 2006
Primary Completion Date: June 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I
Patients will receive an infusion of bortezomib twice a week for 2 weeks. They will also receive tipifarnib by mouth twice a day for 2 weeks.
Drug: tipifarnib
Given orally
Other Names:
  • R115777
  • Zarnestra
Drug: bortezomib
Given IV
Other Names:
  • LDP 341
  • MLN341
  • VELCADE
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. Determine the dose-limiting toxicity and maximum tolerated dose of tipifarnib and bortezomib in patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, or chronic myeloid leukemia in blast phase.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the effect of this regimen on farnesyltransferase and proteasome inhibition in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in these patients.

II. Determine the clinical efficacy of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study.

Patients receive bortezomib IV over 3-5 seconds on days 1, 4, 8, and 11 and oral tipifarnib twice daily on days 1-14. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with partial response or stable disease may continue therapy beyond 6 courses at the discretion of the investigator.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of bortezomib and tipifarnib until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

Blood is collected periodically for protein expression studies. Bone marrow aspirates obtained at baseline are examined by immunohistochemistry for Ki-67 activity.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Meets 1 of the following disease-specific criteria:

    • Relapsed disease after =< 2 prior chemotherapy regimens (consolidation therapy excluded)
    • Primary-induction failure
    • Previously untreated and deemed unfit for or refusing cytotoxic chemotherapy
  • No hyperleukocytosis (leukemic blasts >= 30,000/mm^3)
  • No acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)
  • No active CNS leukemia
  • SGOT and SGPT =< 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Bilirubin normal
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 times ULN
  • No uncontrolled hypertension, congestive heart failure, angina pectoris, or ventricular dysrhythmias
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • No uncontrolled disseminated intravascular coagulation
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception

    • Hormonal contraception must have been initiated ≥ 1 month prior to study entry
  • No active graft-vs-host disease
  • No active uncontrolled infection
  • No intrinsic impaired organ function
  • No known allergy to imidazole drugs
  • No neuropathy >= grade 1
  • No known hypersensitivity to bortezomib, tipifarnib, boron, or mannitol
  • No physical or psychiatric conditions that would preclude study participation, including poorly controlled psychosis
  • At least 48 hours since prior hydroxyurea
  • No prior tipifarnib, bortezomib, or investigational proteasomal inhibitors
  • No concurrent radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy
  • No concurrent enzyme-inducing antiepileptic medications (e.g., phenytoin, phenobarbital, or carbamazepine)
  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • LVEF >= 40%
  • Pathologically confirmed diagnosis of 1 of the following:

    • Acute myeloid leukemia
    • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
    • Chronic myelogenous leukemia in blast phase
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00383474

Locations
United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey Lancet H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00383474     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2009-00147, MCC-14796, CDR0000502258, N02CO12400, N01CM62208
Study First Received: September 29, 2006
Last Updated: April 9, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Blast Crisis
Hypereosinophilic Syndrome
Leukemia
Leukemia, Basophilic, Acute
Leukemia, Eosinophilic, Acute
Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Leukemia, Megakaryoblastic, Acute
Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Bone Marrow Diseases
Carcinogenesis
Cell Transformation, Neoplastic
Eosinophilia
Hematologic Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Leukocyte Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Myelodysplastic-Myeloproliferative Diseases
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplastic Processes

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 22, 2014