Autologous Transplantation for Multiple Myeloma
The present study was designed in an attempt to prospectively evaluate in a randomized fashion whether further cytotoxic dose intensification, as delivered with two sequential autologous stem-cell transplantations, improved the outcome of younger patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma in comparison with a single autologous transplantation.
Procedure: Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Prospective, Randomized Study of Single Versus Double Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation for Multiple Myeloma|
- Complete or near Complete Response Rate
- Relapse-free Survival
- Event-free Survival
- Overall Survival
|Study Start Date:||January 1996|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||November 2005|
Following demonstration that single autologous transplantation for the treatment of younger patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma prolonged overall survival in comparison with conventional chemotherapy, double autologous transplantation was tested, initially in refractory myeloma and subsequently to include also patients with newly diagnosed disease. To explore the role of double autologous stem-cell transplantation as part of up-front therapy for multiple myeloma, in 1996 we launched a prospective, randomized trial comparing a single course of stem-cell-supported melphalan with the same regimen followed, after three to six months, by a second autologous transplantation in support of melphalan and busulfan. The study was designed to detect a 15 percent increase in complete or near complete response rate with double transplants compared to a single transplantation. With a 2-sided significance level α = 0.05 and a power 1-β = 0.80, 162 patients were required in each treatment arm of the study to detect a statistically significant increase in complete or near complete response rate from 30% in the single-transplant arm to 45% in the double-transplant arm. Primary study endpoint was the complete or near complete response rate. Secondary study endpoints were relapse-free survival, event-free survival and overall survival. The recruitment target was 324 patients.