Tykerb Evaluation After Chemotherapy (TEACH): Lapatinib Versus Placebo In Women With Early-Stage Breast Cancer

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00374322
First received: September 7, 2006
Last updated: February 21, 2013
Last verified: February 2013
  Purpose

This study was designed to evaluate and compare the safety and efficacy of an oral dual tyrosine kinase inhibitor, lapatinib, versus placebo in women with early-stage ErbB2-overexpressing breast cancer who have completed their primary neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy and have no clinical or radiographic evidence of disease.


Condition Intervention Phase
Neoplasms, Breast
Drug: lapatinib
Other: placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-blind, Multicenter, Placebo-controlled Study of Adjuvant Lapatinib (GW572016) in Women With Early-Stage ErbB2 Overexpressing Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Disease-free survival defined as the interval between the date of randomization and the date of objective disease recurrence, a second primary cancer, or death from any cause [ Time Frame: During the 12 month treatment period assessments are done every 3 months. During the 10 year follow-up, assessments are every 3, 6 or 12 months (dependent upon time from initial diagnosis) ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • overall survival; recurrence-free intervals [local, regional, distant, contralateral breast, and central nervous system (CNS)]; rate of CNS recurrence; toxicity; health-related quality of life; biomarker study; optional pharmacogenetics [ Time Frame: During the 12 month treatment period assessments are done every 3 months. During the 10 year follow-up, assessments are every 3, 6 or 12 months (dependent upon time from initial diagnosis) ]
  • recurrence-free survival which includes the following events: local recurrence following mastectomy, local recurrence in ipsilateral breast following lumpectomy, [ Time Frame: During the 12 month treatment period assessments are done every 3 months. During the 10 year follow-up, assessments are every 3, 6 or 12 months (dependent upon time from initial diagnosis) ]
  • regional recurrence, distant recurrence, contralateral breast cancer, including DCIS [ Time Frame: During the 12 month treatment period assessments are done every 3 months. During the 10 year follow-up, assessments are every 3, 6 or 12 months (dependent upon time from initial diagnosis) ]
  • distant recurrence-free survival which includes the following events: distant recurrence. Overall survival which includes death from any cause. CNS recurrence-free survival rate of CNS recurrence [ Time Frame: Time to distant recurrenceDuring the 12 month treatment period assessments are done every 3 months. During the 10 year follow-up, assessments are every 3, 6 or 12 months (dependent upon time from initial diagnosis) ]
  • health-related QoL which includes summary measures of physical and mental health (component scores), independent dimension scores [ Time Frame: QoL completed every 3 months during the 12 month treatment period. QoL completed every 6 months during the first 24 months of follow-up. ]

Enrollment: 3166
Study Start Date: July 2006
Estimated Study Completion Date: April 2019
Primary Completion Date: September 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
6 tablets daily for 12 months
Other: placebo
6 tablets daily for 12 months
Experimental: Lapatinib
Lapatinib 1500 mg (6 tablets) daily for 12 months
Drug: lapatinib
Lapatinib 1500 mg (6 tablets) daily for 12 months

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Have histologically or cytologically confirmed ErbB2-overexpressing invasive carcinoma (TX or T1-4) of the breast at the time of the initial diagnosis and have undergone adequate excision of tumor;
  • Had tumors that overexpress ErbB2 defined as 3+ by IHC or c-erbB2 gene amplification by FISH (ErbB2 expression/amplification must be documented prior to study entry; however, a tumor tissue sample must be sent to a central laboratory for subsequent re-analysis of ErbB2 status);
  • Have Stage I through Stage IIIc disease according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer (6th edition) staging criteria for breast cancer and meet one of the following criteria:

node-positive disease defined as: one positive lymph node by sentinel node biopsy OR at least 1 positive lymph node found among at least 6 axillary nodes examined on axillary node dissection OR status post axillary radiotherapy for sterilization if clinically evaluated as cN1 or cN2 (if sentinel node biopsy is positive, subject may either undergo an axillary node dissection or radiotherapy to the axilla).

node-positive disease evaluated as: ipsilateral axillary lymph nodes cN0-2 by clinical evaluation and axillary lymph nodes pNX, pN0(i+), or pN1-3 by pathological evaluation [patients with pN3 (Stage IIIc disease) must be disease free following completion of neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy for at least 12 months and must not have been lost to follow up].

OR node-negative disease defined as: negative sentinel node biopsy OR no positive lymph nodes found among at least 6 axillary nodes examined on axillary node dissection OR status post axillary radiotherapy for sterilization if clinically evaluated as cN0.

node-negative disease categorized as: high-risk disease (tumor >2.0 cm if ER and/or progesterone receptor (PgR) positive disease is present or tumor >1.0 cm if ER and PgR negative disease) OR intermediate-risk disease (tumor 1.0-2.0 cm and ER and/or PgR positive disease).

  • Women with synchronous bilateral invasive breast cancer or synchronous DCIS of either the contralateral or ipsilateral breast at the time of the initial diagnosis are also eligible;
  • Have undergone either mastectomy OR lumpectomy;
  • Have received and completed treatment with a neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy regimen containing either an anthracycline or a taxane; or any cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil (CMF) regimen;
  • May continue to receive endocrine therapy while taking study medication, if endocrine therapy was initiated as either adjuvant therapy for treatment of the initial diagnosis of invasive breast cancer or for ovarian function suppression; however, endocrine therapy may not be initiated while taking study medication. Endocrine therapy agents may be switched while participating in this study (e.g., stop tamoxifen and start letrozole);
  • May have received prior radiotherapy as treatment for primary tumor; however, is not required for study entry;
  • May continue to receive radiotherapy while taking study medication, if radiotherapy was initiated as adjuvant therapy for treatment of the initial diagnosis of invasive breast cancer;
  • May continue to receive bisphosphonates only for treatment of documented osteoporosis, but not as treatment or prophylaxis of bone metastases;
  • All women eligible for adjuvant treatment with trastuzumab, including those diagnosed and treated within the last six months, must be considered for such treatment prior to being offered participation in this study. Participation in this study will be allowed only if the physician and patient have considered and discussed at length the advantages of trastuzumab, but have mutually decided against initiating trastuzumab therapy.
  • Have clinical and radiologic assessments that are negative for local or regional recurrence of disease or metastatic disease at the time of study entry;
  • if signs or symptoms suggestive of either recurrence of disease or metastatic disease are present, the appropriate radiological imaging must be performed
  • if the following laboratory results are present, the appropriate radiological imaging must be performed:
  • for AST/ALT ≥2×ULN or ALP ≥2×ULN (not in the bone fraction), an abdominal CT or MRI must be done
  • for ALP≥2×ULN in the bone fraction, a bone scan must be done; a confirmatory x-ray, CT scan or MRI scan or biopsy is required if the results of the bone scan are inconclusive
  • Have a unilateral/bilateral mammogram within 12 months prior to study entry;
  • Have an analysis of both ER and PgR on the primary tumor prior to study entry;
  • Have a cardiac ejection fraction within institutional range of normal as measured by either echocardiogram or multigated acquisition scans;
  • Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status of 0 to 1;
  • Women with a history of non-breast malignancies are eligible if they have been disease-free for at least 5 years and are deemed by the investigator to be at low risk for recurrence. Women with the following cancers are eligible if diagnosed and treated within the past 5 years: cervical carcinoma in situ, melanoma in situ, and basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin;
  • Are able to swallow and retain oral medication;
  • Have a paraffin-embedded tissue block from an archived tumor tissue from the primary tumor or twenty (20) slides of paraffin-embedded tissue available for biomarker analysis;
  • Have adequate organ function defined as: absolute neutrophil count ≥1.5× 10^9/L; hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL; platelets ≥75 × 10^9/L; albumin ≥2.5 g/dL; serum bilirubin ≤1.25 ×ULN; aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase ≤3 × ULN and serum creatinine ≤2.0 mg/dL or calculated creatinine clearance ≥40 mL/min
  • Have signed the informed consent form (ICF);
  • Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening and agree to complete abstinence from intercourse or consistent and correct use of an acceptable methods of birth control from 2 weeks prior to administration of the first dose of study medication until 28 days after the final dose of study medication:

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Have clinical and radiologic evidence of local or regional recurrence of disease or metastatic disease at the time of study entry;
  • Had metachronous invasive breast cancer (breast cancers diagnosed at different times);
  • Have a prior history of other breast cancer malignancies, including DCIS;
  • Are unable to provide archived tumor tissue samples for assay;
  • Had prior therapy with an ErbB1 and/or ErbB2 inhibitor; women who experienced a hypersensitivity or allergic reaction to trastuzumab during the first infusion and were unable to complete this infusion are eligible;
  • Receive concurrent anti-cancer therapy (chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and biologic therapy) while taking study medication;
  • Have unresolved or unstable, serious toxicity from prior administration of another investigational drug and/or of prior cancer treatment;
  • Have malabsorption syndrome, disease significantly affecting gastrointestinal function, or resection of the stomach or small bowel. Women with ulcerative colitis are also excluded;
  • Have a concurrent disease or condition that would make the woman inappropriate for study participation, or any serious medical disorder that would interfere with the woman's safety;
  • Have an active or uncontrolled infection;
  • Have dementia, altered mental status, or any psychiatric condition that would prohibit the understanding or rendering of informed consent;
  • Have a known history of uncontrolled or symptomatic angina, arrhythmias, or CHF;
  • Are pregnant or breastfeeding;
  • Receive concurrent treatment with an investigational agent; women, who are in follow-up in another clinical trial where the primary endpoint has been met and the interval between assessments is ≥12 months and radiological imaging is not required at these assessments, are eligible;
  • Receive concurrent treatment with a selected list of strong inducers and inhibitors of CYP3A4;
  • Used an investigational drug within 30 days or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer, preceding the first dose of study medication;
  • Have a known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncrasy to drugs chemically related to lapatinib or excipients;
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00374322

  Show 371 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00374322     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: EGF105485
Study First Received: September 7, 2006
Last Updated: February 21, 2013
Health Authority: Germany: Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices
United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
Breast Cancer
ErbB2-overexpressing
early-stage breast cancer
adjuvant

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Lapatinib
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014