Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy and Adjuvant Chemotherapy With 5-Fluorouracil and Oxaliplatin Versus 5-Fluorouracil Alone in Rectal Cancer

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Erlangen-Nürnberg Medical School
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00349076
First received: July 5, 2006
Last updated: July 1, 2014
Last verified: July 2014
  Purpose

Standard treatment for locally advanced cancer of the rectum is preoperative chemoradiotherapy with 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) plus 4 cycles of postoperative chemotherapy with 5-FU. According to our previous study (CAO/ARO/AIO-94, published in the New England Journal of Medicine 2004; 351:1731-40) this treatment results in only 6% of local failures, yet, still 36% of all patients develop distant metastasis. Therefore, our new study (CAO/ARO/AIO-04) incorporates new drugs, i.e. 5-FU + oxaliplatin, in an effort to improve the control of distant metastases. It is our hypothesis that the rate of disease free survival will improve by 5 to 8% after 3 years of follow-up.


Condition Intervention Phase
Rectal Neoplasms
Drug: 5-FU and oxaliplatin
Drug: 5-FU
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Prospective Randomised Multicenter Phase-III-study: Preoperative Radiochemotherapy and Adjuvant Chemotherapy With 5-Fluorouracil Plus Oxaliplatin Versus Preoperative Radiochemotherapy and Adjuvant Chemotherapy With 5-Fluorouracil for Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Erlangen-Nürnberg Medical School:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Disease free survival at 3 years defined as the interval from randomization to locoregional or metastatic recurrence or the appearance or a secondary colorectal cancer or death, whichever occurs first. [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Resection rate, rate of sphincter preservation, tumor regression, cumulative incidence of local and distant recurrences, overall survival, toxicity, quality of life [ Time Frame: 5-year follow up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 1200
Study Start Date: July 2006
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1

Preoperative simultaneous radiochemotherapy: 5-Fluorouracil und Oxaliplatin:

Radiotherapy starts on day 1 of chemotherapy; 28 fractions; single dose: 1,8 Gy once per day, monday through friday; Total dose: 50,4 Gy; Oxaliplatin: 50 mg/m² i.v., days 1, 8, 22 und 29; 5-Fluorouracil: 250 mg/m²/d continuous infusion, days 1-14 and 22-35

Adjuvant Chemotherapy:

Oxaliplatin: 100 mg/m² i.v. on day 1; Calciumfolinate: 400 mg/m² on day 1; 5-Fluorouracil: 2400 mg/m² continuous infusion for 46 hours; repeat day 15, 8 cycles

Drug: 5-FU and oxaliplatin

Preoperative radiochemotherapy:

Oxaliplatin: 50 mg/m² i.v., days 1, 8, 22 und 29; 5-Fluorouracil: 250 mg/m²/d continuous infusion, days 1-14 and 22-35

Adjuvant Chemotherapy:

Oxaliplatin: 100 mg/m² i.v. on day 1; Calciumfolinate: 400 mg/m² on day 1; 5-Fluorouracil: 2400 mg/m² continuous infusion for 46 hours repeat day 15, 8 cycles

Active Comparator: 2

Preoperative simultaneous radiochemotherapy: 5-Fluorouracil Radiotherapy starts on day 1 of chemotherapy; 28 fractions; single dose: 1,8 Gy once per day, monday through friday; Total dose: 50,4 Gy; 5-Fluorouracil: Days 1-5 and 29-33: 120h-continuous infusion 1000 mg/m²/d

Adjuvant Chemotherapy: 5-Fluorouracil: 500 mg/m² on 5 consecutive days (day 1-5) i.v. bolus fot 2-5 minutes; repeat day 29, 4 cycles

Drug: 5-FU

Preoperative radiochemotherapy:

5-Fluorouracil: Days 1-5 and 29-33: 120h-continuous infusion 1000 mg/m²/d

Adjuvant Chemotherapy: 5-Fluorouracil: 500 mg/m² on 5 consecutive days (day 1-5) i.v. bolus fot 2-5 minutes; repeat day 29, 4 cycles


  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Minimum age: 18 years
  • Histologically proven, advanced primary carcinoma of the rectum (tumor ? 12cm from the anal verge, with clinically staged T3/4 or any node-positive disease
  • No prior therapy except a diverting stoma
  • ECOG PS less than or equal 2
  • Adequate bone marrow function: Leukocytes > 3,5 x 10^9/L Absolute neutrophil count > 1,5 x 10^9/L Platelet count > 100 x 10^9/L Hemoglobin > 10 g/dl
  • Adequate hepatic function: Total bilirubin < 2,0 mg/dl ALAT, ASAT, alkaline phosphatase, gamma-GT < 3 x ULN 7. Serum creatinine < 1,5 mg/dl, creatinine-clearance > 50 ml/min
  • Written informed consent before randomization

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or breast feeding women
  • Fertile patients without adequate contraception during therapy
  • Past or ongoing drug abuse or alcoholic excess
  • Prior chemotherapy
  • Prior radiotherapy to the pelvis
  • Prior (within 4 weeks) or concurrent treatment with any other investigational agent
  • Psychological, familial, sociological or geographical condition potentially hampering compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule
  • History of severe somatic or psychological diseases: - instable cardiac disease not well controlled with medication, myocardial infarction within the last 6 months:* Central nervous system disorders or psychiatric disability including dementia or epileptic disease; * active uncontrolled intercurrent infections or sepsis
  • Peripheral neuropathy > 2 (NCI CTC AE grading)
  • Previous or concurrent malignancies, with the exception of adequately treated basal cell carcinoma of the skin or in situ carcinoma of the cervix. The inclusion of patients with other adequately treated tumors within the last 5 years has to be discussed with the principal investigator
  • Chronic diarrhea (> NCI CTC AE-Grad 1)
  • Known allergy to substances containing platinum compounds
  • Concurrent use of the antiviral agent sorivudine or chemically related analogues
  • Known deficiency of dehydropyrimidindehydrogenase (DPD)
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00349076

  Show 89 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Erlangen-Nürnberg Medical School
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Rolf Sauer, M.D. Dept. of Radiation Therapy, University of Erlangen, Germany
  More Information

No publications provided by University of Erlangen-Nürnberg Medical School

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: University of Erlangen-Nürnberg Medical School
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00349076     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CAO/ARO/AIO-04, German Cancer Aid (no. 106759)
Study First Received: July 5, 2006
Last Updated: July 1, 2014
Health Authority: Germany: Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Rectal Neoplasms
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Fluorouracil
Oxaliplatin
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 30, 2014