New Techniques for Using a Saline Wash as a Diagnostic Tool for Pneumocystis Pneumonia
This study will examine the effectiveness of a new laboratory method for detecting pneumocystis organisms in a salt-water (saline) oral wash. Pneumocystis infection in people with weakened immunity especially patients with HIV infection or cancer, organ transplant recipients and people receiving immune suppressing therapy can cause life-threatening pneumonia. Currently, pneumocystis infection is diagnosed by sputum analysis or bronchoalveolar lavage. For the sputum analysis, patients are induced to produce a sputum sample (liquid discharge from the lung) using a saline mist; however, many hospitals lack the expertise to perform this procedure. The second method, bronchoalveolar lavage, involves inserting a flexible tube into the lung and injecting saline to produce a specimen for diagnosis. This method, however, is time-consuming and can be uncomfortable. New techniques may allow the use of an oral wash to diagnose pneumocystis, even though an oral sample contains far fewer organisms than are obtained with the current methods. This study will examine whether new techniques, such as nucleic acid amplification, may enable a simple oral wash to be used effectively for diagnosis of pneumocystis infection.
Patients 3 years of age and older with weakened immunity who have acute pneumonia may be eligible for this study. In addition, people at increased risk of infection with pneumocystis, including health care professionals, family members of patients, and other patients in health care facilities, may participate.
Participants will have a medical history and review of medical records to determine their health status and determine if they have had recent respiratory problems or documented PCP. They will then provide an oral wash sample. For this procedure, subjects first rinse their mouth well. Then, they vigorously swish 50 milliliters of saline for 5 to 10 seconds and immediately repeat the procedure to provide two specimens. Washes may be requested daily, weekly, monthly, or for a period of time to be specified. Participants will also have two tubes of blood drawn (total of 20 milliliters, or 4 teaspoons) to test for evidence of pneumocystis.
Although no other tests are required for this protocol, participants may be asked to provide optional add'l samples, as follows:
If a sputum or bronchoalveolar lavage sample is required in the course of the patient s clinical mgmt, enough material will be obtained, if possible, for research purposes as well as what is needed for routine care.
An induced sputum sample may be requested just for this protocol. For this procedure, a mask with a saline mist is placed over the face, inducing a cough that, it is hoped, will produce sputum from the lungs.
|Official Title:||To Develop a New Technique to Predict the Occurrence of Pneumocystis Pneumonia, Track Its Epidemiology, Diagnose Acute Disease, and Predict and Monitor the Response to Various Therapeutic Agents|
|Study Start Date:||April 1999|
This study is designed to collect respiratory secretion specimens to assess new techniques to diagnose pneumocystis infection and disease. The diagnosis of pneumocystis pneumonia has traditionally relied on demonstration of organisms by direct microscopy in either a sample of sputum or bronchoalveolar lavage or lung tissue. Obtaining adequate sputum has required expertise that not all institutions have. Bronchoalveolar lavage and lung biopsy share the disadvantage of being invasive and cause patient discomfort and expense. Nucleic acid amplification technology offers the potential to detect pneumocystis in easily obtained specimens, such as oral washes or nasal samples, to detect genes associated with drug resistance, and to assess strain variation. The goals of this project are to develop a nucleic acid amplification technique that could provide an easier method to diagnose acute disease and to detect drug resistant strains. This study will also contribute information about the epidemiology of pneumocystis by assessing normal volunteers who are exposed to pneumocystis, e.g. health professionals, and looking at strain variation among isolates from patients and, if positives are found, from healthy volunteers. This study will develop techniques that can be the basis of definitive studies on diagnosis, epidemiology, and transmission of pneumocystis.
|Contact: Debra Reda, R.N.||(301) firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Henry Masur, M.D.||(301) email@example.com|
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike||Recruiting|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office (PRPL) 800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator:||Henry Masur, M.D.||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|