Atorvastatin Calcium, Oligofructose-Enriched Inulin, or Sulindac in Preventing Cancer in Patients at Increased Risk of Developing Colorectal Neoplasia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00335504
First received: June 8, 2006
Last updated: April 23, 2014
Last verified: April 2013
  Purpose

This randomized phase II trial is studying atorvastatin calcium to see how well it works compared to oligofructose-enriched inulin, sulindac, or a placebo in preventing cancer in patients at increased risk of developing colorectal neoplasia. Chemoprevention is the use of certain drugs or substances to keep cancer from forming, growing, or coming back. The use of atorvastatin calcium, oligofructose-enriched inulin, or sulindac may stop cancer from forming in patients at increased risk of colorectal neoplasia. It is not yet known whether atorvastatin calcium, oligofructose-enriched inulin, or sulindac are more effective than a placebo in preventing cancer in patients at increased risk of developing colorectal neoplasia.


Condition Intervention Phase
Colon Cancer
Precancerous Condition
Rectal Cancer
Drug: oligofructose-enriched inulin
Drug: sulindac
Drug: placebo
Drug: atorvastatin calcium
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Randomized, Phase II Trial of Atorvastatin, RAFTILOSE Synergy 1, and Sulindac Among Patients at Increased Risk for Sporadic Colorectal Neoplasia

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percent Change in Number of Rectal Aberrant Cryptic Foci (ACF) as Measured by Magnification Chromoendoscopy [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    At the Pre-Intervention Evaluation, rectal ACF will be classified with respect to ACF number, crypt number, crypt size, tissue plane, staining intensity, and (optional) lumen shape for each subject. At the Post- Intervention Evaluation, these same parameters will be recorded and incident vs prevalent rectal ACF status will also be recorded. Compare each non-placebo arms versus the placebo arm to screen the three active study agents for possible phase III testing.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Effects on Proliferation (Ki67 Expression). [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Tissue is examined by immunohistochemistry for Ki67. Measured by biopsy samples obtained from normal-appearing rectal mucosa at baseline and after completion of study treatment. Wilcoxon will be used to assess significant differences between the intervention arms.

  • Effects on Apoptosis (Caspase-3 Expression). [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Tissue is examined by immunohistochemistry for cleaved caspase-3. Measured by biopsy samples obtained from normal-appearing rectal mucosa at baseline and after completion of study treatment. Wilcoxon will be used to assess significant differences between the intervention arms.

  • Adverse Events. [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after completion of study treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Defined as any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding), symptom, or disease temporally associated with participation in a study, whether or not related to that participation. Graded using the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0. Number of adverse events per grade level.


Enrollment: 85
Study Start Date: March 2006
Study Completion Date: April 2009
Primary Completion Date: April 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I (atorvastatin calcium)
Patients receive oral atorvastatin once daily.
Drug: atorvastatin calcium
Given orally
Other Names:
  • CI-981
  • Lipitor
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Experimental: Arm II (sulindac)
Patients receive oral sulindac twice daily.
Drug: sulindac
Given orally
Other Names:
  • Aflodac
  • Algocetil
  • Clinoril
  • SULIN
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Experimental: Arm III (oligofructose-enriched inulin)
Patients receive oral oligofructose-enriched inulin (Raftilose Synergy 1) twice daily.
Drug: oligofructose-enriched inulin
Given orally
Other Names:
  • Beneo Synergy 1
  • Synergy 1
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Placebo Comparator: Arm IV (placebo)
Patients receive an oral placebo twice daily.
Drug: placebo
Given orally
Other Name: PLCB
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. Percent change in number of rectal aberrant cryptic foci (ACF) as measured by magnification chromoendoscopy

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Screening for possible phase III testing II. Effects on proliferation (Ki67 expression) and apoptosis (caspase-3 expression) as measured by biopsy samples obtained from normal-appearing rectal mucosa at baseline and after completion of study treatment III. Correlation of endoscopic features with histologic characteristics of rectal ACF IV. Observation of the natural history of rectal ACF in patients receiving placebo V. Adverse events VI. Utilization of a biospecimen repository archive

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, prospective, randomized, partially blinded, placebo-controlled study. Patients are stratified according to history of prior surgical resection of the colon (yes vs no) and number of rectal aberrant cryptic foci (ACF) (5-9 vs >= 10). Patients are randomized to 1 of 4 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive oral atorvastatin calcium once daily.

ARM II: Patients receive oral sulindac twice daily.

ARM III (blinded arm): Patients receive oral oligofructose-enriched inulin (Raftilose Synergy 1) twice daily.

ARM IV (blinded arm): Patients receive an oral placebo twice daily.

In all arms, treatment continues for 6 months in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.

Tissue samples are collected at baseline and at the completion of study treatment. Tissue is examined by immunohistochemistry for proliferation (Ki67) and apoptosis (cleaved caspase-3).

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed at approximately 30 days.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Criteria:

  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Fertile patients must agree to use effective contraception
  • No history of inflammatory bowel disease (i.e., Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis)
  • No invasive malignancy within the past 5 years except nonmelanoma skin cancer or colorectal cancer
  • No history of endoscopically-confirmed peptic ulcer disease
  • No history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biological composition to the study agents
  • No history of chronic liver disease or unexplained persistent elevations of serum transaminases
  • No history of allergic-type reactions, including asthma or urticaria, to aspirin or NSAIDs
  • No uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, any of the following:

    • Ongoing or active infection
    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure
    • Unstable angina pectoris
    • Cardiac arrhythmia
    • Psychiatric illness or social situations that would preclude study compliance
  • At least 6 weeks since prior oral corticosteroids
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 times ULN
  • Creatine phosphokinase =< 1.5 times ULN
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • At least 6 weeks since prior statins
  • At increased risk for developing sporadic colorectal neoplasia, as defined by 1 of the following:

    • History of colon cancer (excluding stage IV or Dukes' D tumors)
    • Must have completed prior adjuvant therapy for colon cancer >= 12 months ago
  • History of colorectal adenomas, meeting any of the following criteria:

    • >= 1 cm in diameter
    • >= 3 in total number
    • Any component of villous morphology
    • High-grade dysplasia
  • At least 5 rectal aberrant cryptic foci (ACF), by magnification chromoendoscopy, meeting both of the following criteria:

    • At least 5 aggregated crypts in a single grouping (maximum spacing between crypts must be =< 2 times the average crypt diameter)
    • Crypt diameter >= 1.5 times the diameter of surrounding normal crypts
  • No history of rectal cancer, familial adenomatous polyposis, or hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • At least 6 months since prior and no concurrent regular use* of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs** (NSAIDs) or statins
  • Concurrent aspirin at cardioprotective doses (=< 162.5 mg/day or 325 mg every other day) allowed
  • No prior rectal surgery involving mucosal resection
  • No prior pelvic radiation therapy
  • No concurrent regular use* of cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors
  • No concurrent anticoagulant drugs (i.e., warfarin, heparin, clopidogrel bisulfate, or extended-release dipyridamole)
  • No concurrent use of any of the following:

    • Fibrates (e.g., gemfibrozil or fenofibrate)
    • Cyclosporine
    • Erythromycin or macrolide antibiotics
    • Protease inhibitors
    • Azole antifungals
    • Diltiazem
    • Verapamil
    • Compounds containing niacin or nicotinic acid

      • Defined as 7 consecutive days for > 3 weeks OR > 21 days total during study participation
      • Patients may be eligible for study treatment after discontinuing NSAIDs for 12 weeks, at the discretion of their health care provider
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • No planned (or likely to require) clinically indicated colonoscopy or flexible sigmoidoscopy during study treatment
  • Bilirubin =< 1.5 times ULN
  • Hemoglobin >= lower limit of normal
  • AST =< 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase =< 1.5 times ULN
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00335504

Locations
United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Paul Limburg Mayo Clinic
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00335504     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2009-00837, NCI-2009-00837, CDR0000467755, MAY03-1-03, MAY03-1-03, N01CN35000, P30CA015083
Study First Received: June 8, 2006
Results First Received: November 26, 2012
Last Updated: April 23, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Precancerous Conditions
Neoplasms
Atorvastatin
Calcium, Dietary
Sulindac
Analgesics
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Anticholesteremic Agents
Antimetabolites
Antineoplastic Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Bone Density Conservation Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
Hypolipidemic Agents
Lipid Regulating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014