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A Dose Determination Study of Chinese Herbal Medicine for Functional Constipation

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
ZhaoXiang Bian, Hong Kong Baptist University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00299975
First received: March 6, 2006
Last updated: November 14, 2011
Last verified: November 2011
  Purpose

Functional constipation (FC) is common with 14.3% estimated prevalence in Hong Kong, but treatment for this condition in conventional medicine is suboptimal. Complementary and alternative medicines, especially Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) are used frequently by patients with FC, but there is little research evidence about these commonly used CHM. The purpose of the study is evaluate the efficacy and safety of CHM, as well as determining the optimal dosage.


Condition Intervention Phase
Constipation
Drug: MaZiRenWan (MZRW) 2.5g/sachet
Drug: MaZiRenWan (MZRW) 5.0g/sachet
Drug: MaZiRenWan (MZRW)
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Controlled Trial of Chinese Herbal Medicine in Three-dose Regimen for the Treatment of Functional Constipation

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Hong Kong Baptist University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Responder for Complete Spontaneous Bowel Movement (CSBM) [ Time Frame: Wk3-10 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants with a mean increase of CSBM>=1 movement per week compared with the last 14 days of the run-in period were defined as responders.CSBM referred to the feeling that defecation led to complete passage of stool rather than partial or incomplete evacuation without the use of any laxative or enema within 24 hours.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Responder for Complete Spontaneous Bowel Movement (CSBM) [ Time Frame: WK11-18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants with a mean increase of CSBM>=1 movement per week compared with the last 14 days of the run-in period were defined as responders. CSBM referred to the feeling that defecation led to complete passage of stool rather than partial or incomplete evacuation without the use of any laxative or enema within 24 hours.

  • Bowel Movement [ Time Frame: Baseline(Wk1-2), Within treatment(Wk3-10) & Within follow-up(Wk11-18) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Complete Spontaneous Bowel Movement (CSBM) [ Time Frame: Baseline(Wk1-2), Within treatment(Wk3-10) & Within follow-up(Wk11-18) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    CSBM referred to the feeling that defecation led to complete passage of stool rather than partial or incomplete evacuation without the use of any laxative or enema within 24 hours.

  • Global Symptoms Improvement [ Time Frame: WK6, 10 & 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants were asked to rate their impression of change in constipation by comparing with their baseline (Wk2) at the visits during the treatment (Wk6), end of treatment (Wk10) and end of follow-up (Wk18) with scores from 0 to 6 represented markedly worse or better respectively. The response categories were collapsed to simply "improved" for score 4 to 6, "same" for score 3 or "worse" for score 0 to 2.

  • Severity of Constipation [ Time Frame: Baseline(Wk2), Within treatment(Wk6), End of treatment(Wk10) & End of follow-up(Wk18) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    It was a 7-point ordinal scale from 0=not at all to 6=very severe.

  • Sensation of Straining [ Time Frame: Baseline(Wk2), Within treatment(Wk6), End of treatment(Wk10) & End of follow-up(Wk18) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    It was a 7-point ordinal scale from 0=not at all to 6=very severe.

  • Incomplete of Evacuation [ Time Frame: Baseline(Wk2), Within treatment(Wk6), End of treatment(Wk10) & End of follow-up(Wk18) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    It was a 7-point ordinal scale from 0=not at all to 6=very severe.

  • Sensation of Bloating [ Time Frame: Baseline(Wk2), Within treatment(Wk6), End of treatment(Wk10) & End of follow-up(Wk18) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    It was a 7-point ordinal scale from 0=not at all to 6=very severe.

  • Sensation of Abdominal Pain/Cramping [ Time Frame: Baseline(Wk2), Within treatment(Wk6), End of treatment(Wk10) & End of follow-up(Wk18) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    It was a 7-point ordinal scale from 0=not at all to 6=very severe.

  • Passing of Gas [ Time Frame: Baseline(Wk2), Within treatment(Wk6), End of treatment(Wk10) & End of follow-up(Wk18) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    It was a 7-point ordinal scale from 0=not at all to 6=very severe.

  • Adverse Effects (e.g. Renal and Liver Function Tests) [ Time Frame: pre-treatment & post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Blood Urea Level [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment(Wk2) & Post-treatment(Wk10) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Blood Creatinine Level [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment(Wk2) & Post-treatment(Wk10) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Serum Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase(SGPT) Level [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment(Wk2) & Post-treatment(Wk10) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase(SGOT) Level [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment(Wk2) & Post-treatment(Wk10) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 97
Study Start Date: October 2006
Study Completion Date: October 2007
Primary Completion Date: August 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Low dose
MaZiRenWan (MZRW) 2.5g/sachet bid
Drug: MaZiRenWan (MZRW) 2.5g/sachet
Dissolved MZRW granule (2.5g/sachet) in 150 ml hot water, take orally twice daily for 8 weeks
Other Name: Hemp Seed Pill
Experimental: Median dose
MaZiRenWan (MZRW) 5.0g/sachet bid
Drug: MaZiRenWan (MZRW) 5.0g/sachet
Dissolved MZRW granule (5.0g/sachet) in 150 ml hot water, take orally twice daily for 8 weeks
Other Name: Hemp Seed Pill
Experimental: High dose
MaZiRenWan (MZRW) 7.5g/sachet bid
Drug: MaZiRenWan (MZRW)
Dissolved MZRW granule (7.5g/sachet) in 150 ml hot water, take orally twice daily for 8 weeks
Other Name: Hemp Seed Pill

Detailed Description:

Functional constipation (FC) is a common complaint in clinical practice, with the estimated prevalence 14.3% in Hong Kong, as nearly affecting 1 million Hong Kong People in different extent. It is comparable with western population, which is 15% in North America. By the definition of Rome II criteria, FC comprises a group of functional disorders, which presents as persistent difficult, infrequent or seemingly incomplete defecation.

Constipation is often perceived to be benign, easily treated condition with short-term treatment being relatively straightforward. However, the fact is the management of FC is perplexed as some subjects complain of constipation more than decade. Moreover, chronic constipation can develop into more serious bowel complaints, such as faecal impaction, incontinence and bowel perforations. There is also accumulating evidence shown that constipated subjects have significantly higher anxiety and depression scores and lower quality of life. Therefore, the demand of effective agents to normalize bowel function is extremely large.

Conventional treatment for constipation mainly relies on dietary fibre and laxatives. Although there is no credible evidence that any serious problem is associated with their prolonged use, the treatment of it has been suboptimal. First, a recent systematic review pointed out that there were paucity of trials for many commonly used agents, therefore, their use might not be well validated. Second, many patients with severe constipation do not respond adequately or lose of effectiveness after a short period of time. Third, many patients who intake dietary fibre complain of flatulence, distension, bloating and poor taste. As a result, the compliance is low as about 50%. Fourth, the use of osmotic laxatives, such as polyethylene glycol, become increasingly popular due to fewer side effects and better taste, however, the prices are much more expensive than other medications. Many constipation sufferers seek help from alternative medicine, especially from Chinese herbal medicine. For example, according to a telephone survey in Hong Kong, more than 85% of constipated subjects seek for coping strategies, such as asking for medical consultations, taking prescribed medicine and seeking for alternative therapy, involving Chinese medicine.

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is particularly attractive as their effectiveness in treating functional disorders and retaining balance of body functions. The CHM used in study is derived from classic text of Chinese medicine (Shang Han Lun, Discussion of Cold-induced Disorders), which can "moisten the intestines, drain heat, promote the movement of qi and unblock the bowel".

It is well known that randomized controlled trial (RCT) is the gold standard to test the efficacy of intervention, thus in this project, we attempt to follow the basic requirements of RCT to testify the efficacy and safety of CHM on FC, as well as to determine the optimal dosage. We believe such study will benefit the advancement of CHM, or even as the foundation of research study in future.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Clinical diagnosis of functional constipation with Rome II criteria
  • General stool type belongs to Type 1 to 4 according to Bristol Stool Form Scale
  • Complete spontaneous bowel movement≦2 movements per week

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Anti-diarrhoeal therapy
  • Drug-induced constipation
  • Medical history of important bowel pathology, such as inflammatory bowel disease, congenital or acquired megacolon / megarectum
  • Medical history of previous abdominal surgery
  • Taking chronic medications that contain any kind of herbs, mineral, or specific vitamin supplements
  • Medical history of carbohydrate malabsorption, hormonal disorder, cancer, diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, asthma, renal impairment and/or any other serious diseases
  • History of laxative abuse
  • History of allergy to Chinese herbal medicine
  • Psychiatric or addictive disorders
  • Pregnancy or breast-feeding
  • Any other serious diseases
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00299975

Locations
China
Hong Kong Baptist University Chinese Medicine Clinic
Hong Kong, China
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hong Kong Baptist University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: ZhaoXiang Bian, PhD Hong Kong Baptist University
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: ZhaoXiang Bian, Professor, Director of Clinical Division, Hong Kong Baptist University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00299975     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PID-001
Study First Received: March 6, 2006
Results First Received: August 2, 2011
Last Updated: November 14, 2011
Health Authority: Hong Kong: Ethics Committee

Keywords provided by Hong Kong Baptist University:
Randomized Controlled Trials
Medicine, Chinese Traditional
Medicine, Herbal
Constipation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Constipation
Signs and Symptoms
Signs and Symptoms, Digestive

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 24, 2014