A Dose Response and Safety Study of Procaine HCl in HIV-Infected Patients

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Samaritan Pharmaceuticals, Inc
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00299338
First received: March 2, 2006
Last updated: March 31, 2006
Last verified: March 2006
  Purpose

This a Phase I/II non-randomized, open-label clinical study of 8 weeks duration using SP01A in HIV positive patients on a stable antiretroviral regimen. Dose response and safety associated with oral administration of four doses (200 mg, 400 mg, 600 mg, and 800 mg daily) of SP01A will be studied in a total of 24 study subjects. In addition, six HIV-negative subjects will be recruited as a control for cortisol secretion only and will not receive study medication.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: SP01A
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pharmacokinetic and Safety Study of Procaine HCl in HIV-1 Infected Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Samaritan Pharmaceuticals, Inc:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean viral load reduction (log10) over 8 weeks
  • Maximal viral load suppression (LDL <50 & 400) over 8 weeks
  • Cortisol reduction over 8 weeks

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Improvement in quality of life indices (Whalen Scale) over 8 weeks

Estimated Enrollment: 24
Study Start Date: September 1997
Estimated Study Completion Date: September 2001
Detailed Description:

STUDY PLAN: DESCRIPTION This investigation will be a non-randomized, open-label study of four doses of SP01A in 24 individuals infected with HIV who are being treated with triple combination antiretroviral therapy. Additionally, a group of six HIV-negative subjects (group E) is being recruited as a control for cortisol secretion. This group will not receive study medication nor will they be evaluated for dose response or safety parameters.

DISCUSSION OF STUDY DESIGN, INCLUDING CONTROL GROUP Patients will receive the following doses of SP01A and will be divided into a low dose and high dose group for further analyses. There will be two segments within the low dose group. Group A will receive 200 mg of SP01A once per day. Group B will be administered 200 mg of SP01A twice daily. Similarly, there will be two segments in the high dose group. Group C will be treated with 200 mg of SP01A three times per day, while Group D will be administered 400 mg of SP01A twice daily.

A fifth group will also be introduced. This group, Group E, will serve as a control group and not receive any treatment.

The study will be conducted at a single investigative center (AIDS ReSearch Alliance, West Hollywood, CA). Six subjects with a diagnosis of HIV who are also receiving triple combination antiretroviral therapy and have been so doing for a minimum of 2 months are planned per group. Patients will be admitted to an in-patient facility for 72 hours. After an initial night to acclimate the patients to the facility, a 24-hour measurement of cortisol secretion in blood and urine will be conducted. After this is complete, patients will receive an initial single dose of SP01A orally. (200 mg SP-01A for group A, 400 mg for group B, 600 mg for group C, and 800 mg for group D). Blood and urine samples will also be collected for 24 hours to further evaluate the safety of the study medication. Patients will then be discharged from the facility.

After a 4-day washout, patients will return to the facility to start an 8-week dose-response study, sequentially using the four doses that will now be divided (200 mg daily for group A, 200 mg twice a day for group B, 200 mg three times per day for group C, and 400 mg twice daily for group D).

Subjects will return to the study center the day they are screened and as close to the same day of the week as practical during Weeks 1 (baseline), 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 (end of treatment) and 10 (post-treatment for examinations and specimen collection, as well as evaluation of reactions to study treatment). At the end of the 8-week drug administration period, patients will again be admitted to an in-patient facility for 72 hours. As before, patients will have an initial night to acclimate to the facility, followed by a 24-hour measurement of cortisol secretion in blood and urine. In the morning, following and ending the 24 hour basal cortisol secretion, patients in the four successive groups (A, B, C, and D), will receive their last dose of medication. They will also give their last blood and urine samples over the next 24 hours for additional safety sample collection. The total duration of study subject participation will be 11 weeks.

The six HIV negative subjects will be enrolled in group E. After an initial night to acclimate to the facility, blood and urine samples will be collected to determine baseline 24 hour blood and urine cortisol secretion. Patients will then be discharged. No study medication will be given to patients in group E.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Eighteen years of age or older (male or female).
  2. If female, agreed to use suitable contraception to prevent pregnancy.
  3. HIV positive as confirmed by viral load using nucleic acid sequence based amplification (NASBA), or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western Blot, for cohort A, B, C, and D. HIV negative by ELISA and Western blot for cohort E.
  4. Karnofsky Performance Status score of at least 60.
  5. No active opportunistic infection. Prophylaxis for MAl, CMV, Pneumocystis Pneumonia except Bactrim), or herpes was permitted.
  6. Current CD4 count >200.
  7. Stable triple therapy antiretroviral regimen (cohorts A, B, C, and D) for the preceding 8 weeks and willing to make no changes in regimen during the study.
  8. Not taking any unapproved or experimental treatment for HIV, including antiretrovirals and immune modulators (such as interferons or interleukins).
  9. Capable and willing to provide informed consent.
  10. Agreed not to take Epoetin during the trial.
  11. Baseline laboratory values:

Neutrophils > 1000 cells/mm3; Platelets > 75,000 cells/mL; SGOT <3 times upper limit of normal; SGPT <3 times upper limit of normal; Creatinine <2.0 mg/dL.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Known or suspected allergy to procaine hydrochloride.
  2. Patients taking DHEA supplementation or oral ketoconazole (which have anticortisol properties).
  3. Patients using sulfonamides (including Septra/Bactrim).
  4. Required use of sulfonamides, eg, Septra/Bactrim. (Procaine hydrochloride may inactivate sulfonamides).
  5. Patients with glaucoma using anti-cholinesterase inhibitors (Humorsol [demecarium bromide] echothiophate iodide, Floropryl [isoflurophate], Isopto-Eserine [physostigmine salicylate]). Anti-cholinesterase Inhibitors should not be used while on procaine hydrochloride, since procaine itself has some anti-cholinesterase activity.
  6. Patients with less than 6 months life expectancy.
  7. Patients with adrenal insufficiency (determined by screening ACTH stimulation test).
  8. Patients with lymphoma.
  9. Patients with active hepatitis (viral or drug induced).
  10. Patients with cancer, except peripheral Kaposi's sarcoma.
  11. Patients on dialysis.
  12. Patients who are pregnant.
  13. Female patients of childbearing age who can not use two forms of birth control or abstain from sexual intercourse during the trial.
  14. Any medical, psychological, psychiatric, or substance use problem that, in the opinion of the Principal Investigator, interferes with the patient's ability to complete the study.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00299338

Locations
United States, California
AIDS Research Alliance of West Hollywood
West Hollywood, California, United States, 90069
Sponsors and Collaborators
Samaritan Pharmaceuticals, Inc
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Stephen J Brown, MD AIDS Research Alliance of West Hollywood
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00299338     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SP01A-SII-101
Study First Received: March 2, 2006
Last Updated: March 31, 2006
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Samaritan Pharmaceuticals, Inc:
HIV
AIDS
CD4
HAART
antiretroviral
treatment failure
resistance
CCR4
CXCR5
gp120
gp41
cholesterol
lipid rafts
intracellular fluid
receptors
chemokine
antigens
Treatment Experienced

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Procaine
Anesthetics, Local
Anesthetics
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 09, 2014