Evaluate the Tolerability and Therapeutic Effects of Repeated Doses of Autologous T Cells With VRX496 in HIV
The study is intended for individuals who are doing well on HAART therapy. In Step 1 of the trial, individuals will be given up to 6 infusions of the study drug VRX496 to see the effect on viral load and CD4 counts. If individuals have no serious adverse effects from the infusions of VRX496 and the viral load and CD4 counts remain stable, they may go on to Step 2 of the study. In Step 2, individuals will stop taking their HAART medication and their viral load, CD4 counts and the number of VRX496 in T cells will be monitored.
All subjects who receive VRX496 T cells will enroll in a Long-Term Follow-up study to monitor subjects. Subjects will be followed every 6 months for five years following the 1st infusion of the T cells. If the VRX496 T cells are no longer found in the blood after five years, then subjects will be contacted yearly for the next 10 years. If the VRX496 T cells are found in the blood at five years after the 1st infusion of T cells, then the subjects will continue to be seen once a year until the VRX496 T cells are no longer found in the blood for a maximum of 15 years.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Phase I/II, Open-label, Single Center Study to Evaluate the Tolerability, Trafficking and Therapeutic Effects of Repeated Doses of Autologous T Cells Transduced With VRX496 in HIV Infected Subjects|
- Incidence of serious adverse events & dose related toxicity. [ Time Frame: 18 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Effects on viral load and CD4 counts from baseline through STI. [ Time Frame: 18 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Estimate antiviral effects of VRX496 after STI. [ Time Frame: 18 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Determine persistence and number of VRX496 containing T cells [ Time Frame: 18 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2006|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2020|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||September 2020 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
HIV-based antisense vectors may provide several important advantages over current HIV combination therapies. VIRxSYS Corporation (VIRxSYS) is developing the candidate clinical vector VRX496. VRX496 is an HIV-based lentiviral vector containing an anti-HIV antisense sequence targeted to the HIV envelope (env) coding sequence. First, HIV-1 vectors are likely to be less toxic than current combination drug therapies because the genetic antisense antiviral is expressed only in cells that become infected with wt-HIV. The payload is located upstream of a major splice acceptor site and is thus dependent on the expression of Tat and Rev proteins that are provided by wt-HIV. Second, the length of the antisense region is over 900 nucleotides long, making it difficult for wt-HIV to create resistant strains that are sufficiently fit to cause disease. Third, HIV vectors are predicted to be safe because no novel genetic sequences are introduced into the patient (i.e., no novel functional genes are contained in the HIV-1 vector). All the sequences present in the vector are derived from highly conserved regions of wt-HIV that would almost certainly be present in any HIV-1-infected individual. The HIV sequences that are used to create VRX496 are solely derived from pNL4-3, a prototypic HIV-1 molecular clone that is derived from two North American strains of HIV-1.
In the present trial, T cells will be harvested from infected individuals, transduced ex vivo with the vector at the University of Pennsylvania, and then reintroduced by autologous transfusions. VIRxSYS recently completed a Phase 1 clinical study at the University of Pennsylvania of the vector VRX496 in 5 HIV-positive subjects who had failed at least two HAART regimens. Data available to date for the primary endpoints, viral load and CD4 counts, are promising. Specifically, 4 of 5 subjects had stable or increased CD4 counts, and viral loads were stable in 4 of 5 patients, and decreased by 1.7 log in 1 of 5 subjects following a single infusion of VRX496 T cells. In the present trial, subjects will receive up to 6 infusions of VRX496 modified CD4 T cells, and then undergo a series of tests, including rectal mucosal biopsies, to determine the longevity and trafficking of the VRX496 T cells. In addition, subjects will have the opportunity to have a supervised drug holiday (structured treatment interruption) to determine if the VRX496 have an antiviral effect.
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|University of Pennsylania|
|Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104|
|Principal Investigator:||Pablo Tebas, MD||University of Pennsylvania|