Reducing HIV & Domestic Violence Risk in Women Offenders
The long-term goal of this work is to reduce the prevalence of HIV and domestic violence among women at risk by encouraging self-protective behaviors. To obtain this goal, Multnomah County Health Department and Oregon Department of Human Services have conducted a randomized trial of an intervention to prevent HIV and domestic violence among women who have recent criminal justice involvement and who are at risk for HIV infection.
Women enrolled in the study were randomly assigned to one of three study conditions:
- Group 1: these women received information on local resources addressing HIV prevention, domestic violence, and life stability issues; they did not receive any counseling sessions as part of the study itself.
- Group 2: these women received up to ten supportive counseling sessions based on the techniques of motivational interviewing. These sessions aimed to reduce HIV risk and to improve life stability.
- Group 3: these women received up to ten supportive counseling sessions based on motivational interviewing. These sessions aimed to reduce risk for HIV and domestic violence and to improve life stability.
The primary hypotheses of this study were:
- 1. Supportive counseling (motivational interviewing) addressing HIV prevention and increased life stability will lead to reductions of HIV risk behavior among women enrolled in the study.
- 2. Supportive counseling (motivational interviewing) addressing domestic violence prevention, HIV prevention, and increased life stability, will bring about reductions in experiences of domestic violence and a reduction of HIV risk among these women.
- 3. The supportive counseling received in this study will enhance these women's self-efficacy, self-esteem, and psychological well-being.
Women in all three experimental groups were interviewed at the beginning of the study and again after 4, 7, and 10 months. These assessment interviews asked questions about: HIV risk; experiences of domestic violence; and life stability issues such as education, employment, and housing; and included biological testing for HIV and sexually transmitted diseases. Women in Group 2 and Group 3 participated in up to 10 sessions of supportive counseling (motivational interviewing) between the time of enrollment and the 4-month interviews.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Behavioral: Motivational interviewing to reduce risk for HIV and DV
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Reducing HIV & Domestic Violence Risk in Women Offenders|
- unprotected sex
- injection drug use
- intimate partner violence
- violence from others
- housing stability
|Study Start Date:||September 2000|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||January 2005|
|United States, Oregon|
|SE Health Center|
|Portland, Oregon, United States, 97292|
|Principal Investigator:||Michael J. Stark, Ph.D.||Multnomah County Health Department|