Directly Administered HIV Therapy in Methadone Clinics

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
Johns Hopkins University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00279110
First received: January 17, 2006
Last updated: May 4, 2011
Last verified: May 2011
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to determine whether providing directly administered antiretroviral therapy to HIV-infected who receive methadone therapy leads to better treatment outcomes than if they take HIV medications on their own.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Heroin Dependence
Behavioral: Directly administered antiretroviral therapy (DAART)
Behavioral: Self-administered therapy (SAT)
Phase 2
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Directly Administered vs. Self-administered Antiretroviral Therapy in Methadone Clinics

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Johns Hopkins University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • HIV RNA < 50 c/mL [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Log10 change in HIV RNA from baseline [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • HIV RNA < 50 c/mL 6 mos. after intervention [ Time Frame: 18 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Log10 change in HIV RNA from baseline 6 months post intervention [ Time Frame: 18 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change in CD4 cell count from baseline [ Time Frame: 18 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • ART utilization [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Development of antiretroviral resistance [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Retention to substance abuse treatment [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Urine drug screen positivity in follow-up [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Electronically monitored adherence [ Time Frame: 2 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 107
Study Start Date: April 2006
Study Completion Date: May 2011
Primary Completion Date: May 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: A Behavioral: Directly administered antiretroviral therapy (DAART)
Participants are observed taking HIV medications on days when they receive opioid agonist therapy.
No Intervention: B Behavioral: Self-administered therapy (SAT)
Participants take HIV medications on their own at home.

Detailed Description:

We propose to conduct a randomized, unblinded, clinical trial of a medication adherence intervention in opioid-dependent, HIV-infected participants who are initiating new antiretroviral therapy, and who receive opioid agonist maintenance therapy with methadone or buprenorphine in opioid treatment programs (OTPs) in Baltimore, MD. Randomization will be stratified by study site and prior antiretroviral exposure. Two hundred participants will be randomly assigned 1:1 self-administered antiretroviral therapy (SAT) or directly administered antiretroviral therapy (DAART). Subjects assigned to DAART will take morning doses of antiretroviral therapy with a nurse or medical assistant in a private room at the OTP. DAART subjects will be transferred to self-administered therapy after 12 months. This is a 5 year study and participants will be enrolled between month 6 and month 42 of the study. The maximum follow-up for individual participants will be 18 months. Based on our pilot experience we anticipate 50% of subjects will be women, 80% African American, with a median age of 44 years. The following outcomes will be compared in the two study arms:

  • Suppression of the viral load (primary outcome)
  • Changes in CD4+ cell counts
  • The development of antiretroviral drug resistance
  • Retention to opioid agonist maintenance therapy, urine toxicology screens for drugs of abuse, and self-reported drug and alcohol use
  • Self-reported adherence with therapy, retention to ART, and clinical and psychosocial moderators of adherence
  • Electronically monitored medication adherence, using MEMS caps, in the first 2 months of the study

Outcomes data will be obtained at study assessment visits at baseline, 3 months, 6 months, 12 months, and 18 months. Participants will provide contact information, take an interviewer-administered survey, and provide blood and urine samples at study assessment visits. MEMS cap data will be captured at 1 month and 2 months. Subjects will be compensated for successful completion of study assessment visits and MEMS interrogations.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Eighteen years of age or older
  2. Documented serologic evidence of HIV infection (positive ELISA and Western blot)
  3. Identifiable medical provider, who is responsible for managing HIV treatment
  4. Proof that ART has been prescribed and that patient has prescription medication coverage
  5. Nadir CD4+ cell count < 350/mm3 or off-treatment HIV RNA > 55,000 copies/ml if asymptomatic and ART naive
  6. Current plasma HIV RNA > 500 copies/ml
  7. Initiating ART for first time, reinitiating therapy after stopping, or changing therapy due to virologic failure
  8. ART with at least 3 agents, including a protease inhibitor, a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, or abacavir
  9. Methadone or buprenorphine maintenance therapy > 3 weeks, with no planned detoxification

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Need to use ART dosed more frequently than twice daily,
  2. Need to use a liquid preparation of antiretroviral medication,
  3. Documented triple-class antiretroviral resistance (defined below),
  4. Participation in another study or program that includes directly observed therapy.
  5. Use of ART regimens that are expressly discouraged in DHHS HIV clinical care guidelines

Triple-class antiretroviral resistance will be defined according to IAS-USA interpretive guidelines: NRTI class - 3 thymidine or non-thymidine-associated mutations (excluding the M184V mutation) or a multi-nucleoside resistance mutation in reverse transcriptase; PI class - 3 protease mutations, including 1 primary mutation; NNRTI class - 1 primary (K103N or Y188L) or 2 secondary NNRTI-associated mutations in reverse transcriptase.

  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00279110

Locations
United States, Maryland
Program for Alcohol and Other Drug Dependencies
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21205
Day Break Methadone Clinic
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21225
New Hope Treatment Center
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21223
Man Alive, Inc.
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21218
Baltimore VA Drug Dependency Program
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21201
Sponsors and Collaborators
Johns Hopkins University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Gregory M. Lucas, MD, PhD Johns Hopkins University
  More Information

No publications provided by Johns Hopkins University

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Gregory M. Lucas, MD PhD, Johns Hopkins University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00279110     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R01-DA018577
Study First Received: January 17, 2006
Last Updated: May 4, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Johns Hopkins University:
HIV
Antiretroviral therapy
Heroin dependence
Methadone
Buprenorphine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Heroin Dependence
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Opioid-Related Disorders
Substance-Related Disorders
Mental Disorders
Methadone
Analgesics, Opioid
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Central Nervous System Depressants
Antitussive Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Narcotics

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 21, 2014