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Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) Adherence Interventions

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Washington
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00273780
First received: January 5, 2006
Last updated: August 23, 2012
Last verified: August 2012
  Purpose

This study proposes a 4-armed factorial randomized clinical trial in Nairobi, Kenya to determine the effect of cognitive and behavioral interventions on HAART adherence.


Condition Intervention
HIV Infections
Behavioral: Adherence counseling
Device: Alarm device

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Official Title: HAART Adherence Interventions in Africa: An RCT

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Washington:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Pill count [ Time Frame: 18 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • CD4 count [ Time Frame: 18 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • HIV-1 viral load [ Time Frame: 18 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 400
Study Start Date: May 2006
Study Completion Date: September 2008
Primary Completion Date: September 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Adherence counseling Behavioral: Adherence counseling
Three adherence counseling sessions will be given to participants in the trial. Two sessions will occur prior to initiation of antiretroviral medications and one session will be given one month after drug administration.
Active Comparator: Alarm device Device: Alarm device
This pocket alarm device will be set to ring at designated times during the day that the participant should take their antiretroviral medication.
Other Name: ALRT Med Reminder PC200
Active Comparator: Counseling and alarm
Participants in this arm will receive both education counseling and a pocket alarm device.
Behavioral: Adherence counseling
Three adherence counseling sessions will be given to participants in the trial. Two sessions will occur prior to initiation of antiretroviral medications and one session will be given one month after drug administration.
Device: Alarm device
This pocket alarm device will be set to ring at designated times during the day that the participant should take their antiretroviral medication.
Other Name: ALRT Med Reminder PC200
No Intervention: Control

Detailed Description:

The study will be a prospective randomized clinical control trial among HIV-1 seropositive adult participants beginning HAART (highly active antiretroviral therapy) for the first time. Patients who are eligible to be initiated on HAART at the UW/Coptic Hope Center for Infectious Diseases will be referred for enrollment. Eligible patients who are referred will learn about the study and be invited to enroll after signing a written informed consent.

Study participants will be randomized to one of four arms:educational counseling, a pocket alarm device, both education and alarm, or neither. Participants will be followed in the study for 1 ½ years after enrollment and randomization. Participants will return to clinic every month to pick up a renewal of their antiretroviral prescriptions at which time pill counts will be performed. During follow-up visits, blood will be drawn and stored for CD4 counts and HIV-1 viral analyses.

Within this trial, the study also proposes to identify sociodemographic and spatial correlates of adherence. The study hypothesizes that educational counseling and medication alarm devices may significantly improve adherence, and that poor adherence may be associated with low socioeconomic standing, increased mobility, and distance from clinic.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Individuals must qualify for HAART treatment by World Health Organization (WHO) criteria (Clinical Stage IV disease) and/or CD4 count of less than 200 and plan to start HAART therapy.
  • Must be above 18 years of age
  • Must be HAART treatment-naïve
  • Must agree to home visits, and plan to live in Kenya for at least two years.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Individuals who are mentally incompetent or are pregnant are excluded from the study.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00273780

Locations
Kenya
Hope Center for Infectious Diseases
Nairobi, Kenya
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Washington
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Michael H Chung, MD, MPH University of Washington
  More Information

No publications provided by University of Washington

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: University of Washington
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00273780     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 29936-G, 1K23AI065222-01, 5K23AI065222-02
Study First Received: January 5, 2006
Last Updated: August 23, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of Washington:
Patient compliance

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Immune System Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Slow Virus Diseases
Virus Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 20, 2014