Risperidone LA Study

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Riverview Hospital
Information provided by:
University of British Columbia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00272597
First received: January 3, 2006
Last updated: April 12, 2011
Last verified: April 2011
  Purpose

The primary objective of this pilot study is to evaluate the impact of switching 30 subjects from an existing antipsychotic to risperidone long acting on healthcare resource utilization. The study will be a ten month open-label, 'mirror-image', pilot study. Healthcare resource utilization during the 10 months prior to starting risperidone long acting will be retrospectively collected for all subjects (period A) at the beginning of the study. The utilization of direct medical resources will also be collected for 10 months after initiation of risperidone long acting (period B). In this design the patients will serve as their own control.


Condition Intervention Phase
Psychosis
Schizophrenia
Drug: Risperidone
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Bio-equivalence Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Risperidone Long Acting: A Healthcare Resource Utilization Pilot Study

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of British Columbia:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To assess the impact of switching subjects from an existing antipsychotic to risperidone long acting on healthcare resource utilization. This will be evaluated by assessing: [ Time Frame: Unspecified ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Direct cost of care [ Time Frame: Unspecified ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Frequency and duration of institutional care [ Time Frame: Unspecified ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Discharge [ Time Frame: Unspecified ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Relapse [ Time Frame: Unspecified ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine if effectiveness is maintained for subjects switched from an existing antipsychotic to risperidone long acting. This will be evaluated by assessing: [ Time Frame: Unspecified ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Positive and negative symptoms (PANSS) [ Time Frame: Unspecified ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Overall illness severity (CGI severity, CGI improvement) [ Time Frame: Unspecified ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Social and occupational functioning (SOFAS), and [ Time Frame: Unspecified ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Remission [ Time Frame: Unspecified ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To evaluate the safety and tolerability of risperidone long acting. This will be evaluated by assessing: [ Time Frame: Unspecified ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Extrapyramidal symptoms (ESRS) [ Time Frame: Unspecified ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Side effects (UKU side effect rating scale) [ Time Frame: Unspecified ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Akathisia (Barnes akathisia scale) [ Time Frame: Unspecified ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Quality of life (SF-36) [ Time Frame: Unspecified ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Weight, and waist circumference [ Time Frame: Unspecified ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Hematology (fasting glucose and lipid analysis) [ Time Frame: Unspecified ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: September 2005
Study Completion Date: October 2010
Primary Completion Date: October 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: Risperidone
    See Detailed Description.
Detailed Description:

Screening (Week -2 to Week 0; Days -14 to -1) In this phase, the subject is required to be treated with oral risperidone (as their only antipsychotic) for a period of at least 5 days before entering the stabilization phase of the study. Therefore,

  • If the subject is currently treated with an antipsychotic other than risperidone, the dosage will be tapered gradually and discontinued. Simultaneously, oral risperidone will be started at 2 mg/day and increased to no more than 6 mg/day. The subject will be treated with risperidone monotherapy for at least five days prior to entering the stabilization phase of the study.
  • On the other hand, if the patient has already been treated for more than 5 days with risperidone monotherapy then he/she may enter the stabilization phase of the study immediately.

Stabilization Phase (Weeks 1 - 14; Days 0 - 98) The first three doses of risperidone long acting (Days 0, 14 and 28) will be 25 mg for all subjects. At the time of the fourth injection (Day 42), the dosage of risperidone long acting may be increased from 25 mg IM to 37.5 mg IM upon discretion of the treating physician. Further increases in the dosage of risperidone long acting may be made at the time of the 6th and 8th injections (Days 70 and 98 respectively). In this case, if the subject is currently receiving 25 mg he/she may be increased to 37.5 mg but not 50 mg. Alternatively, if the patient is currently receiving 37.5 mg, then subject may be increased to the maximum recommended dosage of 50 mg IM every two weeks.

To accommodate for the latency period (i.e., the time for risperidone to be released from the microspheres and approach therapeutic plasma levels), subjects entering into the study will continue on oral risperidone for the first three weeks (Days 0-21). Temporary oral supplementation will also be permitted anytime during the stabilization phase of the study when considered by the treating physician to be clinically necessary for the treatment of breakthrough psychosis. With only one exception, the treating physician is not restricted from adding or discontinuing any pharmacological treatment deemed necessary for the clinical management of the subject. The exception in this case prohibits the addition of another antipsychotic agent and applies only to the stabilization phase of the study.

Maintenance Phase (Weeks 15 - 38; Days 99 - 266) Patients that have shown adequate response to risperidone long acting will continue into the maintenance phase of the study. From this point onwards, the treating physician may change the dosage of risperidone long acting at any time as considered necessary. Temporary oral supplementation will also be permitted during the maintenance phase when considered by the treating physician to be clinically necessary for the treatment of breakthrough psychosis. Apart from the above, the treating physician is not restricted from adding or discontinuing any pharmacological treatment (including another antipsychotic) deemed necessary for the clinical management of the subject.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with a diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder according to DSM-IV criteria.
  • Men and women, aged 18-65 years.
  • Subjects must be able to give written informed consent.
  • Subjects must be inpatients.
  • Subjects must have adequate data to assess healthcare resource utilization for the previous 10 months.
  • Subjects must have been previously treated with (and tolerated) oral risperidone.
  • Results of standard clinical laboratory tests are to be within the laboratory's reference range or, if outside this range, judged by the investigator to be not clinically significant.

Exclusion Criteria:

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with significant alcohol or substance abuse in the past 3 months.
  • Subjects with other psychiatric, medical or behavioural comorbid disorder that in the opinion of the investigator may interfere with study conduct or interpretation (such as delirium, stroke, developmental disability).
  • Subjects who are pregnant, breast-feeding, or women of child-bearing potential not using adequate contraception.
  • Subjects with known hypersensitivity or allergy to risperidone.
  • Subjects with tardive dyskinesia or a history of neuroleptic malignant syndrome.
  • Subjects with a known history of being unresponsive to risperidone.
  • Subjects with a clinically significant electrocardiogram abnormality.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00272597

Locations
Canada, British Columbia
Riverview Hospital
Coquitlam, British Columbia, Canada
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of British Columbia
Riverview Hospital
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ric Procyshyn, MD The University of British Columbia
  More Information

No publications provided by University of British Columbia

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Dr. R. Procyshyn, University of British Columbia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00272597     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: C05-0356
Study First Received: January 3, 2006
Last Updated: April 12, 2011
Health Authority: Canada: Health Canada

Keywords provided by University of British Columbia:
Psychosis
schizophrenia
schizoaffective
risperidone

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Mental Disorders
Psychotic Disorders
Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia and Disorders with Psychotic Features
Risperidone
Serotonin Antagonists
Serotonin Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antipsychotic Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Psychotropic Drugs
Dopamine Antagonists
Dopamine Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 16, 2014