Phase II Comparator Study of Substitution of Tenofovir or Abacavir Receiving Thymidine Analogue as Part of HAART.

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Gilead Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00270556
First received: December 23, 2005
Last updated: April 7, 2008
Last verified: April 2008
  Purpose

This 48 week study is designed to compare the substitution of the thymidine analogues zidovudine (ZDV) or stavudine (D4T) with either tenofovir DF or abacavir, in patients treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), and show improved outcomes on total limb fat mass, improved body shape by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and computed tomography (CT) scans and improved cholesterol and tryglicerides.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV
Drug: tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
Drug: Abacavir
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Official Title: Phase II, Open-Label,Randomised, Comparator Study of Substitution w/Tenofovir or Abacavir in HIV-1 Infected Individuals, w/Viral Load Less 50 Copies/mL, Receiving a Thymidine Analogue (Zidovudine or Stavudine) as Part of HAART.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Gilead Sciences:

Estimated Enrollment: 100
Study Start Date: January 2003
Estimated Study Completion Date: October 2004
Detailed Description:

A previous study substituting zidovudine or stavudine to abacavir in patients with severe or moderate lipoatrophy has shown an increase in limb fat (DEXA). This study was conducted over a 24 week period and although improved outcomes were documented by objective measures, DEXA scans, subjective observation did not correspond. Longer-term follow up of these patients is required.

This 48 week study is designed to compare the substitution of the thymidine analogues zidovudine (ZDV) or stavudine (D4T) with either tenofovir DF or abacavir, in patients treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), and show improved outcomes on total limb fat mass, improved body shape by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and computed tomography (CT) scans and improved cholesterol and tryglicerides.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects who are male or female less than or equal to 18 years of age. HIV-1 infected as documented by a licensed HIV-1 antibody ELISA. Female subjects of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test (beta-HCG) within 28 days of trial day 1. Women of childbearing potential must agree to use a barrier method of contraception. Female subjects must not be pregnant or lactating. Able to understand and provide written informed consent in the opinion of the investigator. Subjects have clinical lipoatrophy at greater then or equal to 1 body/facial site in the investigator's opinion. Subjects currently receiving nucleoside analogue regimen including stavudine (d4T) or zidovudine (ZDV). Subjects who are stable on current therapy for greater than or equal to 16 weeks. Subjects with no prior exposure to tenofovir, abacavir or adefovir. Subjects with no known K65R, 69S mutations or 3 or more thymidine analogue mutations. Subjects with documented viral load less than 50 copies/mL on 2 consecutive occasions including most recent clinic attendance.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects who are unlikely to complete the 48 week trial period. Currently active opportunistic disease or documented wasting syndrome. Currently receiving chemotherapy for malignancy. Subjects who are unlikely to retain viral response after switching based on treatment or transmission history. Currently receiving an insulin sensitising agent (glitazone or metformin). Anabolic steriods in the last 16 weeks other than testosterone at replacement doses (less than or equal to 250 mg/2 weekly). Growth hormone use in the last 16 weeks. Statin therapy (HMG CoA reductase inhibitor) commenced in the last 16 weeks (patients stable on statins may be included). Current alcohol or illicit drug use which may interfer with the subjects ability to comply with the dosing schedule and protocol evaluations. Receiving concurrent medications that in the opinion of the investigator and according to drug product labeling will result in clinically significant interactions with tenofovir or abacavir. Pregnant or breast feeding. Previously received more than 3 months zidovudine monotherapy.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00270556

Sponsors and Collaborators
Gilead Sciences
Investigators
Study Director: Claudio Avila, MD Gilead Sciences
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00270556     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GS-02-1008
Study First Received: December 23, 2005
Last Updated: April 7, 2008
Health Authority: United Kingdom: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Keywords provided by Gilead Sciences:
Treatment Experienced

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Abacavir
Tenofovir
Tenofovir disoproxil
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Pharmacologic Actions
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 21, 2014