A Study to Evaluate the Safety and Effectiveness of Epoetin Alfa in Patients With Anemia as a Result of Advanced Cancer and Treatment With Aggressive Chemotherapy

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00266617
First received: December 16, 2005
Last updated: May 17, 2011
Last verified: April 2010
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of epoetin alfa in the treatment of persistent anemia caused by advanced cancer and aggressive adriamycin-chemotherapy. Epoetin alfa is a genetically engineered protein that stimulates red blood cell production.


Condition Intervention Phase
Anemia
Neoplasms
Drug: epoetin alfa
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effect of Subcutaneous r-HuEPO in Patients With Chronic Anemia Secondary to Chemotherapy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of transfusions; Change from baseline in levels of hemoglobin, hematocrit, reticulocytes (immature red blood cells)

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change from baseline to end of study in: Quality of life; Physician's Global Evaluation of Study Medication; Patient's performance scores (energy level and daily activities); Assessment of safety

Enrollment: 86
Study Completion Date: June 1990
Detailed Description:

Patients undergoing treatment with adriamycin-containing chemotherapy frequently develop significant anemia. Agents that can increase the amount of hemoglobin in cancer patients undergoing treatment with non-platinum-containing cyclic chemotherapy may improve the patients' reduced physical strength and reduced stamina resulting from anemia, improve the patients' ability to continue chemotherapy, and improve the patients' overall qualify of life. Epoetin alfa is a genetically engineered form of a natural hormone, erythropoietin, that is used to treat anemia by stimulating red blood cell production. This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group, multicenter study. The study evaluates the safety and effectiveness of epoetin alfa in treating patients who develop persistent anemia as a result of treatment with aggressive non-platinum-containing cyclic chemotherapy for any cancer type (except rapid and severe onset of leukemias and malignancies of the bone marrow and spleen). The study consists of a screening period when patients' eligibility is determined, a 12-week double-blind treatment period when patients receive 3 injections each week with either epoetin alfa or placebo, and an optional open-label treatment period when patients who choose to continue will receive 3 injections of epoetin alfa per week during any remaining cycles of their chemotherapy. Eligible patients will be randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups: one group receiving epoetin alfa 150 units/kilogram and the other group receiving a comparable volume of placebo. Study drug is administered by injection beneath the skin 3 times weekly for 12 weeks. The dose of study medication may be increased or decreased at the discretion of the physician, based on the results of blood tests. Depending on the patient's chemotherapy cycle, he or she will return to the study site every 3 or 4 weeks for administration of study medication. Safety evaluations (laboratory tests, vital sign measurements, reporting of adverse events, physical examination, and electrocardiogram) are performed throughout the study. The primary measures of effectiveness of the study drug will be determined by the number of transfusions patients require and by changes in blood test results for hemoglobin, hematocrit, and reticulocytes (immature red blood cells) from before the start of the study to the end of the study. The study hypothesis is that epoetin alfa will, more effectively than placebo, stimulate adequate production of red blood cells to increase the hemoglobin level in cancer patients who are anemic as a result of undergoing treatment with aggressive non-platinum-containing cyclic chemotherapy. Double-blind: Epoetin alfa 150 units/kilogram (U/kg) or matching volume placebo injected beneath the skin 3 times weekly for 12 weeks. Open-label: Epoetin alfa at the dose received at the end of the double-blind study injected beneath the skin 3 times weekly for any remaining cycles of chemotherapy.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with cancer (except for rapid onset of severe leukemia and malignancies of the bone marrow and spleen) and anemia resulting from non-cisplatin-containing chemotherapy who are receiving cyclic chemotherapy for <=5 consecutive days every 3 or 4 weeks (for 3 cycles of chemotherapy)
  • having a Performance score of 0, 1, 2, or 3 (patients' ability to perform daily activities, a self-care performance score of 0 [fully active, no disease restriction] to 3 [capable of only limited self-care, confined to bed or chair more than 50% of waking hours])
  • having a life expectancy of at least 3 months
  • with signs and symptoms of physical stability for 1 month before the study, (based on physical examination including vital signs, weight, and electrocardiogram), not grossly obese, and having a hemoglobin <= 10.5 grams/deciliter (g/dL)
  • who are able to demonstrate the ability to administer self-injections

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with a history of any blood disease
  • having signs and symptoms of significant disease/dysfunction not caused by the underlying cancer
  • having a spread of cancer to the brain
  • having uncontrolled high blood pressure, an iron, folate or vitamin B12 deficiency, or a history of seizures
  • received therapy with androgen within 2 months before the start of study, received radiation therapy or surgery to decrease the number of cancer cells within 30 days before the start of the study, or experienced sudden and severe onset of illness within 7 days before the start of the study
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00266617

Sponsors and Collaborators
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
Investigators
Study Director: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L. C. Clinical Trial Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00266617     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR005845
Study First Received: December 16, 2005
Last Updated: May 17, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:
Anemia
chemotherapy
epoetin alfa
epogen
erythropoietin
neoplasms
cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anemia
Neoplasms
Hematologic Diseases
Epoetin alfa
Hematinics
Hematologic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 27, 2014