A Study to Evaluate the Dosing, Effectiveness and Safety of Topiramate for the Treatment of Epilepsy
The purpose of this study is to identify patient characteristics (such as baseline seizure frequency) that may predict effective doses of topiramate using just that one drug (monotherapy) as initial therapy for epilepsy. Topiramate is an anti-epileptic drug that is approved for the treatment of epilepsy in adults and children 2 years of age and above.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||TOPAMAX� (Topiramate) Initiated as Monotherapy in Epilepsy (TIME): A Multicenter, Outpatient, Open-Label, Study to Evaluate the Dosing, Effectiveness and Safety of TOPAMAX� as Monotherapy in the Treatment of Epilepsy in Clinical Practice|
- Comparison of the mean stabilized topiramate dose during the last 28 days of treatment between patients reporting 1 to 3 seizures versus patients reporting more than 3 seizures, during the 3 months prior to study entry
- Influence of other patient characteristics on dose; Proportion of subjects remaining seizure-free; Time to stabilized dose; Reduction in seizure frequency
|Study Start Date:||December 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2007|
Any number of factors could affect the dosage needs for an anti-epileptic medication, however, various lines of evidence suggest that characteristics of the patient's epilepsy itself could be important determinants. Baseline (i.e., at the start of the study) patient characteristics, particularly seizure frequency, may predict dosage needs when TOPAMAX® (topiramate) is initiated as monotherapy and titrated to an individualized optimal dose. Topiramate is an anti-epileptic drug that is approved for epilepsy either alone (i.e., monotherapy), or in combination with other anti-epileptic medications, in adults and children 2 years of age and above. This is a multicenter, outpatient, open-label, single-arm study to evaluate the dosing, tolerability, effectiveness and safety of topiramate as initial therapy for epilepsy in clinical practice. Patients who have been identified by their physicians as candidates for initial anti-epileptic monotherapy will be enrolled. Patients will begin therapy with topiramate tablets starting at 50 milligrams per day and be titrated to an individualized optimal dose, up to a maximum of 400 milligrams per day, by the end of week 6. Changes to this schedule will be based on a risk-benefit assessment of the patient's clinical condition by the investigator, such as tolerability, or reaching a stable dose sufficient to control their seizures. Treatment with topiramate will last for a total of 24 weeks. The primary outcome of the study is a comparison of the mean stabilized topiramate dose during the last 28 days of treatment for patients reporting 1 to 3 seizures during the 3 months prior to study entry versus patients reporting more than 3 seizures during the 3 months prior to study entry. The study hypothesis is that the average stabilized dose of topiramate will be lower in patients that have had fewer seizures in the 3 months prior to beginning the study. Topiramate tablets starting at 50 milligrams per day and titrated to an individualized optimal dose, up to a maximum of 400 milligrams per day by the end of week 6. Patients will take topiramate tablets by mouth twice a day (morning and evening) for 24 weeks.
|Study Director:||Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L. C. Clinical Trial||Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.|