Early Intervention vs. Standard Palliative Care in Improving End-of-Life Care in Advanced Cancer Patients

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Marie Bakitas, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00253383
First received: November 11, 2005
Last updated: February 13, 2013
Last verified: February 2013
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Palliative care may help patients with advanced cancer live more comfortably.

PURPOSE: This randomized clinical trial is studying an early intervention palliative care program to see how well it works compared to a standard care program in improving end-of-life care in patients with advanced lung , gastrointestinal, genitourinary, or breast cancer.


Condition Intervention
Cancer
Other: counseling intervention
Other: educational intervention
Procedure: psychosocial assessment and care
Procedure: quality-of-life assessment

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Improving Palliative Care for Patients With Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Quality of life as measured by Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Palliative care version (FACT-Pal) at baseline, one month, and every three months thereafter [ Time Frame: Baseline, one month, every three months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Symptom management as measured by Edmunton Symptom Assessment Scale at baseline, one month, and every three months thereafter [ Time Frame: Baseline, one month, every three months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Health care utilization by a chart review of days in hospital, ICU, ER visits at baseline, one month, and every three months thereafter [ Time Frame: Baseline, one month, every three months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Correlate preferences for care and care received as measured by After Death Bereaved Family Member Interview with a family member of the deceased [ Time Frame: Baseline, one month, every three months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Depression as measured by Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D) at baseline, one month, and every three months thereafter [ Time Frame: Baseline, one month, every three months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Problem solving skills as measured by Social Problem-Solving Skills Inventory-revised at baseline and one month [ Time Frame: Baseline, one month, every three months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Caregiver burden as measured by Montgomery-Borgatta Caregiver Burden Scale at baseline, one month, and every three months thereafter (given to caregivers of patients) [ Time Frame: Baseline, one month, every three months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 450
Study Start Date: January 2003
Estimated Primary Completion Date: May 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: ENABLE (concurrent palliative care)
telephone based ENABLE educational intervention
Other: counseling intervention Other: educational intervention Procedure: psychosocial assessment and care Procedure: quality-of-life assessment
Active Comparator: Usual Care
Supportive and palliative usual care services at DHMC, Behavioral
Other: counseling intervention Procedure: psychosocial assessment and care Procedure: quality-of-life assessment

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine the efficacy of an early intervention palliative care program comprising a phone-based nurse educator and shared medical appointments in improving end-of-life care of patients with advanced lung, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, or breast cancer.
  • Compare symptom management, quality of life, and the match between preference of care and the care received in patients treated with an early intervention palliative care program vs a standard care program.
  • Compare health care utilization by patients treated with these interventions.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to cancer diagnosis (lung vs breast vs gastrointestinal vs genitourinary) and participating center. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 intervention arms.

  • Arm I (early-intervention palliative care program): Patients complete the Medical Care Questionnaire and receive a computer-generated prescription letter that outlines the problems they have identified; the patient's physician also receives a copy of the letter. Patients receive a series of phone calls weekly for 4 weeks and then at least monthly from a nurse educator. The phone calls address 3 major areas: coordination of palliative care options in the cancer center and the patient's community, including referrals for psychological or spiritual counseling, social work consultation, financial guidance, home health, palliative care or hospice services, and bereavement counseling for the family; problem-solving therapy, focusing on the identification of problems, definition of achievable goals, a plan for reaching those goals, and evaluation of success; and tailored psycho-educational modules from "Charting Your Course", covering end-of-life topics such as symptom management, advanced care planning, communication with the health care team and family members, spirituality, and nutrition. Patients also receive information regarding the purpose and time/location of symptom management, shared medical appointments (SMAs), which they can attend in person or call in to participate via speaker phone. SMAs are 1.5-hour monthly sessions conducted by a physician and a nurse practitioner that can accommodate 10-12 patients and their caregivers. The sessions include a welcome/social period, a question and answer/peer discussion, an interactive educational session, and an opportunity for one-on-one nurse practitioner appointments with a focus on a brief review of the patients' medical treatment plans.
  • Arm II (standard palliative care program): Patients receive standard palliative care from their physician/nurse practitioner team and have access to the palliative care nurse at the discretion of the treating physician.

Patients complete Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Palliative Care at baseline and every 3 months thereafter. Patients and caregivers complete surveys measuring their perception of the quality of the patient's cancer care at baseline and at 1 month.

A caregiver or family member completes the After-Death Bereaved Family Member Interview to evaluate the adequacy of patient care at 3 months post-patient death.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 450 patients will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Diagnosis of 1 of the following advanced cancers:

    • Stage IIIB or IV non-small cell lung cancer
    • Extensive stage small cell lung cancer
    • Stage IV breast cancer

      • Poor prognostic indicators (conferring likelihood of ≤ 2 years survival), including, but not limited to, any of the following:

        • Visceral crisis
        • Lung or liver metastasis
        • Estrogen receptor-negative disease
        • HER2/neu-positive disease
        • Progressive or recurrent disease during or within 2 years of first treatment
    • Unresectable stage III or stage IV gastrointestinal cancers
    • Stage IV genitourinary cancers

      • Prostate cancer must be hormone refractory
  • Hormone receptor status:

    • Not specified

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Sex

  • Not specified

Menopausal status

  • Not specified

Performance status

  • Not specified

Life expectancy

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic

  • Not specified

Hepatic

  • Not specified

Renal

  • Not specified

Other

  • No dementia or significant confusion (i.e., Mini Mental Exam score < 25)
  • No Axis I psychiatric disorders (DSM-IV), including any of the following:

    • Schizophrenia
    • Bipolar disorder
    • Active substance use disorder

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Endocrine therapy

  • See Disease Characteristics
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00253383

Locations
United States, New Hampshire
Norris Cotton Cancer Center at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Lebanon, New Hampshire, United States, 03756-0002
United States, Vermont
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - White River Junction
White River Junction, Vermont, United States, 05009
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Marie A Bakitas, PhD Norris Cotton Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: Marie Bakitas, Associate Professor, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00253383     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000452966, R01CA101704, P30CA023108, DMS-0226, DMS-CPHS-16004
Study First Received: November 11, 2005
Last Updated: February 13, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center:
transitional care planning
stage IIIB non-small cell lung cancer
stage IV non-small cell lung cancer
extensive stage small cell lung cancer
stage IV breast cancer
recurrent breast cancer
male breast cancer
stage IIIB anal cancer
stage IV anal cancer
carcinoma of the appendix
stage III colon cancer
stage IV colon cancer
stage III rectal cancer
stage IV rectal cancer
stage III esophageal cancer
stage IV esophageal cancer
unresectable extrahepatic bile duct cancer
unresectable gallbladder cancer
stage III gastric cancer
stage IV gastric cancer
metastatic gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor
regional gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor
gastrointestinal stromal tumor
advanced adult primary liver cancer
localized unresectable adult primary liver cancer
stage III pancreatic cancer
recurrent small intestine cancer
small intestine adenocarcinoma
small intestine leiomyosarcoma
small intestine lymphoma

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 29, 2014