Vaccine Efficacy Against Rotavirus Diarrhea; Vaccine Given With Routine Childhood Vaccinations in Healthy African Infants

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00241644
First received: October 18, 2005
Last updated: April 11, 2013
Last verified: November 2012
  Purpose

The primary objective of this study is to determine if the GSK Biologicals' human rotavirus (HRV) vaccine (pooled HRV groups) given concomitantly with routine expanded program on immunisation (EPI) vaccinations can prevent severe rotavirus gastroenteritis (≥11 on the 20-point Vesikari scoring system [Ruuska, 1990]) caused by the circulating wild-type RV strains during the period from 2 weeks after the last dose of HRV vaccine or placebo until Visit 5.

The primary objective will be reached if the lower limit of the 95% confidence interval (CI) on vaccine efficacy is >0%.

The Protocol Posting has been updated in order to comply with the FDA Amendment Act, Sep 2007.


Condition Intervention Phase
Rotavirus Vaccines
Biological: Rotarix™
Biological: Placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Multi-Center Study to Assess the Efficacy, Safety and Immunogenicity of 2 or 3 Doses of GSK Biologicals' Oral Live Attenuated Human Rotavirus (HRV) Vaccine Given Concomitantly With Routine EPI Vaccinations in Healthy Infants

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Subjects With Severe Rotavirus Gastroenteritis (RV GE) Caused by the Circulating Wild-type Rotavirus Strain [ Time Frame: From 2 weeks after the last vaccine or placebo dose up to 1 year of age ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of subjects presenting with three or more looser than normal stools or watery stools within a day, occurring after administration of dose 1 of study vaccine in which rotavirus other than vaccine strain was identified in a stool sample with a score ≥ 11 on the 20-point Vesikari scoring system.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Subjects With Severe Rotavirus Gastroenteritis Caused by the Circulating Wild-type Rotavirus Strain, Classified by Rotavirus Type [ Time Frame: From 2 weeks after the last vaccine or placebo dose up to 1 year of age ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Number of subjects presenting with three or more looser than normal stools within a day, occurring after administration of dose 1 of study vaccine in which rotavirus other than vaccine strain was identified in a stool sample with a score ≥ 11 on the 20-point Vesikari scoring system.

    Rotavirus types were G1 wild type (WT) and non-G1.


  • Number of Subjects Reporting Any Rotavirus Gastroenteritis Caused by the Circulating Wild-type Rotavirus Strain [ Time Frame: From 2 weeks after the last vaccine or placebo dose up to 1 year of age ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of subjects presenting with three or more looser than normal stools or watery stools within a day, occurring after administration of dose 1 of study vaccine in which rotavirus other than vaccine strain was identified in a stool sample.

  • Number of Subjects With Severe Rotavirus Gastroenteritis Caused by the Circulating Wild-type Rotavirus Strain [ Time Frame: From the first vaccine or placebo dose up to 1 year of age ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of subjects presenting with three or more looser than normal stools or watery stools within a day, occurring after administration of dose 1 of study vaccine in which rotavirus other than vaccine strain was identified in a stool sample with a score ≥ 11 on the 20-point Vesikari scoring system.

  • In South Africa, Number of Subjects With Severe Rotavirus Gastroenteritis Caused by the Circulating Wild-type Rotavirus Strain [ Time Frame: From 2 weeks after the third dose of vaccine or placebo up to 1 year of age ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of subjects presenting with three or more looser than normal stools or watery stools within a day, occurring after administration of dose 1 of study vaccine in which rotavirus other than vaccine strain was identified in a stool sample with a score ≥ 11 on the 20-point Vesikari scoring system.

  • Number of Subjects Reporting Severe Gastroenteritis of Any Cause [ Time Frame: From 2 weeks after the last vaccine or placebo dose up to 1 year of age ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of subjects with gastroenteritis (three or more looser than normal stools or watery stools within a day) that scored ≥ 11 on the 20-point Vesikari scoring system.

  • Number of Subjects Hospitalized and/or With Supervised Re-hydration Therapy Due to Rotavirus Gastroenteritis (RV GE) Caused by the Circulating Wild-type Rotavirus Strain [ Time Frame: From 2 weeks after the last vaccine or placebo dose up to 1 year of age ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    RV GE caused by the circulating wild-type rotavirus strain: three or more looser than normal stools or watery stools within a day, occurring after administration of dose 1 of study vaccine in which rotavirus other than vaccine strain was identified in a stool sample collected as soon as possible after the symptoms begin.

  • For Subjects in Cohort 2 South Africa and the Cohort in Malawi: Number of Subjects With Severe Rotavirus Gastroenteritis (RV GE) Caused by the Circulating Wild-type Rotavirus Strains [ Time Frame: During the period from 2 weeks after the last dose of vaccine or placebo until study end ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of subjects presenting with three or more looser than normal stools or watery stools within a day, occurring after administration of dose 1 of study vaccine in which rotavirus other than vaccine strain was identified in a stool sample with a score ≥ 11 on the 20-point Vesikari scoring system.

  • For Subjects in Cohort 2 South Africa and the Cohort in Malawi: Number of Subjects With Severe Rotavirus Gastroenteritis (RV GE) Caused by the Circulating Wild-type Rotavirus Strains [ Time Frame: During the period from 1 year of age to study end ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of subjects presenting with three or more looser than normal stools or watery stools within a day, occurring after administration of dose 1 of study vaccine in which rotavirus other than vaccine strain was identified in a stool sample with a score ≥ 11 on the 20-point Vesikari scoring system.

  • For Subjects in Cohort 2 South Africa and the Cohort in Malawi: Number of Subjects Hospitalized and/or With Supervised Re-hydration Therapy Due to Rotavirus Gastroenteritis (RV GE) Episode Caused by the Circulating Wild-type RV Strains [ Time Frame: During the period from 2 weeks after the last dose of vaccine or placebo until study end ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    RV GE caused by the circulating wild-type rotavirus strain: three or more looser than normal stools or watery stools within a day, occurring after administration of dose 1 of study vaccine in which rotavirus other than vaccine strain was identified in a stool sample collected as soon as possible after the symptoms begin.

  • For Subjects in Cohort 2 South Africa and the Cohort in Malawi: Number of Subjects Hospitalized and/or With Supervised Re-hydration Therapy Due to Rotavirus Gastroenteritis (RV GE) Episode Caused by the Circulating Wild-type RV Strains [ Time Frame: During the period from 1 year of age to study end ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    RV GE caused by the circulating wild-type rotavirus strain: three or more looser than normal stools or watery stools within a day, occurring after administration of dose 1 of study vaccine in which rotavirus other than vaccine strain was identified in a stool sample collected as soon as possible after the symptoms begin.

  • For Subjects in Cohort 2 South Africa and the Cohort in Malawi: Number of Subjects With Severe Rotavirus Gastroenteritis Caused by the Circulating Wild-type Rotavirus Strains, Classified by Rotavirus Type [ Time Frame: During the period from 2 weeks after the last dose of vaccine or placebo until study end ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Number of subjects presenting with three or more looser than normal stools or watery stools within a day, occurring after administration of dose 1 of study vaccine in which rotavirus other than vaccine strain was identified in a stool sample with a score ≥ 11 on the 20-point Vesikari scoring system.

    Rotavirus types were G1 wild type (WT) and non-G1.


  • For Subjects in Cohort 2 South Africa and the Cohort in Malawi: Number of Subjects With Severe Rotavirus Gastroenteritis Caused by the Circulating Wild-type Rotavirus Strains, Classified by Rotavirus Type [ Time Frame: During the period from 1 year of age to study end ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Number of subjects presenting with three or more looser than normal stools or watery stools within a day, occurring after administration of dose 1 of study vaccine in which rotavirus other than vaccine strain was identified in a stool sample with a score ≥ 11 on the 20-point Vesikari scoring system.

    Rotavirus types were G1 wild type (WT) and non-G1.


  • Number of Subjects With Adverse Events (AEs) or Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) Leading to Drop Out [ Time Frame: From the first dose of vaccine or placebo up to end of the study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical investigation subject, temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product.

    An SAE is any untoward medical occurrence that: results in death, is life-threatening, requires hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in disability/incapacity, is a congenital anomaly/birth defect in the offspring of a study subject, or may evolve into one of the outcomes listed above.


  • Number of Subjects Reporting Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: From the first dose of vaccine or placebo up to end of the study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    An SAE is any untoward medical occurrence that: results in death, is life-threatening, requires hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in disability/incapacity, is a congenital anomaly/birth defect in the offspring of a study subject, or may evolve into one of the outcomes listed above.

  • Geometric Mean Concentration of Anti-rotavirus Immunoglobulin A (IgA) Antibodies in Initially Seronegative Subjects [ Time Frame: One month after the last vaccine dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    An initially seronegative subject is a subject whose IgA antibody concentration was below the assay cut-off value of 20 Units per milliliter (U/mL) before administration of the first vaccine dose.

  • Number of Seroconverted Subjects [ Time Frame: One month after the last vaccine or placebo dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Seroconverted subjects are defined as subjects with appearance of anti-rotavirus IgA antibody concentration ≥ 20 U/mL in subjects initially (i.e. prior to the first dose of vaccine or placebo) seronegative for rotavirus.

  • Geometric Mean Concentration of Anti-rotavirus Immunoglobulin A (IgA) Antibodies [ Time Frame: One month after the last vaccine or placebo dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Geometric mean concentrations are given as Units per milliliter (U/mL).

  • Number of Seropositive Subjects [ Time Frame: One month after the last vaccine or placebo dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Seropositive subjects are defined as subjects with anti-rotavirus IgA antibody concentration ≥ 20 U/mL.


Enrollment: 2089
Study Start Date: October 2005
Study Completion Date: January 2009
Primary Completion Date: June 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Rotarix 3-Dose Group
Subjects received 3 doses of Rotarix™ vaccine given concomitantly with routine EPI vaccines.
Biological: Rotarix™
Two or Three doses, oral administration
Other Name: GSK Biologicals' HRV vaccine
Experimental: Rotarix 2-Dose Group
Subjects received 1 dose of placebo followed by 2 doses of Rotarix™ vaccine given concomitantly with routine EPI vaccines.
Biological: Rotarix™
Two or Three doses, oral administration
Other Name: GSK Biologicals' HRV vaccine
Biological: Placebo
One or three doses, oral administration.
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Group
Subjects received 3 doses of placebo given concomitantly with routine EPI vaccines.
Biological: Placebo
One or three doses, oral administration.

Detailed Description:

The study will have three groups: Rotarix 3-Dose Group, Rotarix 2-Dose Group and Placebo Group. Three-dose immunisation will be administered in healthy infants at approximately 6, 10, and 14 weeks of age. Routine EPI vaccinations will be administered concomitantly with the study vaccines. This study will also evaluate immunogenicity and safety relative to the placebo.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   5 Weeks to 10 Weeks
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects who the investigator believes that their parents/guardians can and will comply with the requirements of the protocol should be enrolled in the study.
  • A male or female child between, and including, 5 and 10 weeks of age at the time of the first study vaccination.
  • Written informed consent obtained from the parent or guardian of the subject who is of legal age
  • Healthy subjects as established by medical history and clinical examination before entering into the study.
  • In South Africa, birth weight > 2000 grams or if weight unknown, gestation period > 36 weeks.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Use of any investigational or non-registered product (drug or vaccine) other than the study vaccine(s) within 30 days preceding the first dose of study vaccine, or planned use during the study period.
  • Concurrently participating in another clinical study, at any time during the study period, in which the subject has been or will be exposed to an investigational or a non-investigational product
  • Planned administration of a vaccine not foreseen by the study protocol within 14 days before each dose of study vaccine(s) and ending 14 days after.
  • Chronic administration (defined as more than 14 days) of immunosuppressants since birth.
  • History of use of experimental rotavirus vaccine.
  • Previous routine vaccination except Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and oral poliovirus (OPV) vaccination at birth
  • Any clinically significant history of chronic gastrointestinal disease including any uncorrected congenital malformation of the gastrointestinal tract, intussusception or other medical condition determined to be serious by the investigator.
  • Any confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficient condition based on medical history and physical examination
  • History of allergic disease or reaction likely to be exacerbated by any component of the vaccine.
  • Acute disease at the time of enrolment.
  • Gastroenteritis within 7 days preceding the first study vaccine administration
  • Previous confirmed occurrence of rotavirus gastroenteritis (RV GE).
  • A family history of congenital or hereditary immunodeficiency.
  • Administration of immunoglobulins and/or blood products since birth or planned administration during the study period.
  • History of any neurologic disorders or seizures.
  • Acute or chronic, clinically significant pulmonary, cardiovascular, hepatic or renal functional abnormality, as determined by physical examination or laboratory screening tests.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00241644

Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

Publications:
Cunliffe NA et al. (2012) Efficacy of human rotavirus vaccine against severe gastroenteritis in Malawian children in the first two years of life: A randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial. Vaccine. 30(1)36-43.
Steele AD et al. Efficacy of human rotavirus vaccine, Rotarix™ against severe gastroenteritis caused by diverse circulating rotavirus strains in African infants. Abstract presented at the 7th World Congress for World Society for Pediatric Infectious Diseases (WSPID). Melbourne, Australia, 16-19 November 2011.

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00241644     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00598468
Other Study ID Numbers: 102248
Study First Received: October 18, 2005
Results First Received: June 18, 2009
Last Updated: April 11, 2013
Health Authority: South Africa: Medicines Control Council

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
Rotavirus gastroenteritis
HRV vaccine

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 20, 2014