Seronegatives and Metabolic Abnormalities Protocol 2 (SAMA002): Study to Compare the Effect of Kaletra and Combivir® in HIV-Negative Healthy Subjects
This is a randomised study of the effect of treatment with Combivir (zidovudine [AZT] and lamivudine [3TC]) and Kaletra (lopinavir [LPVr]), alone and in combination, on the development of abnormalities in lipid and glucose metabolism in HIV negative healthy subjects.
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Drug: Combivir (zidovudine [AZT] / lamivudine [3TC])
Drug: Kaletra (lopinavir [LPVr])
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
|Official Title:||A 3 Arm, Prospective Study to Compare the Effect of 6 Weeks Exposure to the Combination of Lopinavir (LPVr)/Combivir® (AZT/3TC) Versus Lopinavir Alone or Combivir® Alone in HIV-negative Healthy Subjects on the Development of Abnormalities of Lipid and Glucose Metabolism|
- To determine effect of 6 wks ART with LPVr and CBV, alone and in combination, in HIV negative healthy subjects with respect to changes from baseline in genes related to mitochondrial and lipid metabolism in adipocytes
- includes: To determine the effect of 6 wks of ART with LPVr and CBV in HIV negative subjects with respect to: changes from baseline in genes related to mitochondrial and lipid and glucose metabolism in monocytes.
|Study Start Date:||November 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2006|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Antiretroviral medications, used to treat HIV infection, cause side effects. These include changes in the way that fat is laid down on the body. This results in fat loss from some parts of the body, with fat deposits at other sites, giving a characteristic look known as "HIV associated lipodystrophy" or HIVLD. With these changes, there are also abnormalities in glucose and fat metabolism (collectively termed metabolic abnormalities). In HIV negative populations, these metabolic changes are associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this study is to investigate if changes in the body's handling of fats and glucose occur with a short course of treatment in HIV negative subjects and if these correlate to an increased risk of CVD.
|Australia, New South Wales|
|St Vincents Hospital|
|Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 2010|
|Principal Investigator:||Andrew D Carr, MD||National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research|
|Study Director:||David A Cooper, MD||National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research|