A 48-Week, Randomised, Study to Describe the Pharmacokinetic Profile and Durability of Atazanavir-Saquinavir-Ritonavir Once Daily and Describe the Pharmacokinetic Profile of Saquinavir-Ritonavir Using Saquinavir 500mg Formulation: the ASK-500 Study
Saquinavir and Atazanavir are drugs used in combination therapy to treat HIV disease. Saquinavir is currently available in a 200 milligram capsule. Most individuals currently on saquinavir require to take 5 tablets twice a day. In an attempt to reduce this number of pills, a new capsule has been developed containing 500 milligrams of saquinavir. This study will assess: i) blood drug levels in individuals taking both saquinavir formulations, ii) blood drug levels in individuals taking both saquinavir formulations when given with atazanavir, iii) 48 weeks of follow up for individuals receiving the new saquinavir formulation with atazanavir as HIV therapy.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A 48-Week, Randomised, Study to Describe the Pharmacokinetic Profile and Durability of Atazanavir-Saquinavir-Ritonavir Once Daily and Describe the Pharmacokinetic Profile of Saquinavir-Ritonavir Using Saquinavir 500mg Formulation.|
- To compare the pharmacokinectic profile of ATV-SQV-RTV using SQV 500 and 200 formulations. [ Time Frame: week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- To compare the pharmacokinetic profile of SQV/r 1000/100mg bid using SQV 500 and 200 formulations. [ Time Frame: week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- To assess the durability and safety of a once daily double boosted PI regimen comprised of ATV300 - SQV1500 - RTV100 [ Time Frame: week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- To assess the decay pharmacokinetics [ Time Frame: week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Assessment of adherence to medications. [ Time Frame: week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Assessment of changes to CD4 lymphocyte count [ Time Frame: week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Assessment of changes in lipid parameters [ Time Frame: week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Assessment of changes in monocyte mRNA [ Time Frame: week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||November 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2006|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: saquinavir at baseline
patients receiving NRTIs + saquinavir + ritonavir 1000/100 mg BID at entry switch from 200 mg SQV capsules to 500 mg SQV tablets following PK at day 0. After PK at day 8 NRTIs ceased and regimen changed to ATV/SQV/RTV 300/1500/100 QD using 500 mg SQV formulation and continued to week 48
Drug: saquinavir 500 formulation
NRTIs + SQV/RTV 1000/100 mg BID using 200 mg SQV capsules switched at entry to ATV/SQV/RTV 300/1500/100 mg QD using 500 mg SQV tablet for 48 weeks with PK at days 0 and 8.
Experimental: other boosted PI at baseline
Patients receiving NRTIs + PI/RTV randomised at baseline to receive ATV/SQVRTV 300/1500/100 QD using 500 mg SQV formulation or ATV/SQV/RTV 300/1600/100 QD using 200 mg formulation. Following PK at day 7, SQV formulation switched with second PK assessment at day 15. Patients then receive ATV/SQV/RTV 300/1500/100 QD to week 48.
Drug: cross-over arm
either ATV/SQV/RTV 300/1500/100 QD (500 mg SQV tabs) for 7 days then after PK SQV changed to 1600 mg QD (200 mg caps) with PK day 15, or ATV/SQV/RTV 300/1600/100 QD for 7 days with switch to SQV 1500 mg QD. After day 15 PK both groups switch to ATV/SQV/RTV 300/1500/100 QD to week 48
BACKGROUND The development of anti-HIV therapy for the treatment of HIV disease has improved the quality of life and survival of many people with HIV. However the treatments do not always work over long periods, as medications are often difficult to take due to side effects and a large numbers of pills to be taken. This has lead researchers to look for new ways to treat HIV with medications that require fewer numbers of pills and have fewer side effects.
Atazanavir and saquinavir are two drugs used to treat HIV and come from the same class of drugs known as the protease inhibitors. Atazanavir has the advantage of being taken only once a day. Saquinavir is available in a new formulation (type of pill), which will require fewer numbers of pills to be taken daily.
AIM The purpose of this study is to investigate the use of these two drugs used together with ritonavir as a once daily HIV treatment, which will consist of 6 tablets.
Furthermore this study will look at blood drug levels in individuals on atazanavir, saquinavir and ritonavir with and without the new saquinavir formulation to ensure blood levels of these drugs are adequate.
For individuals currently on the old saquinavir formulation, this study will also look at blood drug levels before and after changing to the new formulation.
|Australia, New South Wales|
|St Vincents Hospital|
|Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 2010|
|Principal Investigator:||David A Cooper, MD||Kirby Institute|