Metabolic Effects of Alcohol
The hypotheses to be tested are 1) the use of alcohol in the form of wine with the evening meal will lower plasma glucose during the night and result in lower fasting plasma glucose the next morning; 2) the chronic use of alcohol in moderation in the form of wine will have beneficial effects on plasma lipids in type 2 diabetic subjects.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Metabolic Effects of Alcohol in the Form of Wine in Persons With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus|
- Fasing plasma glucose
- Fasting plasma HDL cholesterol
- Episodes of hypoglycemia
|Study Start Date:||December 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2005|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2005 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
The use of alcohol in moderation has been associated with reduced mortality rates, reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and reduced risk for type 2 diabetes. However, the effects of alcohol in persons with type 2 diabetes have not yet been defined. Moreover, the possibility of alcohol induced hypoglycemia remains a safety concern. Finally, little is known about the effects of alcohol on plasma lipids in people with diabetes. To address these issues, two substudies are proposed. The first substudy will examine the acute effects of alcohol in the form of wine at supper on postprandial and nocturnal glucose levels. The second substudy will examine the effects of alcohol in the form of wine consumed regularly for one month on plasma lipids.
To test these hypotheses, 20 type 2 diabetics will be studied. In substudy 1, subjects will be admitted to the Clinical Research Center for a two day inpatient stay. Blood samples for plasma glucose and serum insulin will be obtained every two hours from 5:00 pm to 7:00 am. On one day, subjects will recieve 8 ounces of wine with dinner. On the other day, subjects will recieve 8 ounces of fruit juice with dinner. The primary endpoint of substudy 1 will be fasting plasma glucose. In substudy 2, subjects will be asked to consume 4-8 ounces of wine in the evening for one month and to abstain from wine and alcohol containing beverages for one month. Fasting blood samples will be obtained after the month of wine consumption and after the month of abstention from alcohol for measurement of fasting lipids. The primary endpoint of substudy 2 will be fasting HDL cholesterol.
|United States, Minnesota|
|University of Minnesota|
|Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455|
|Principal Investigator:||John Bantle, MD||University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute|