Nevirapine Resistance Study: Nevirapine Resistance Among HIV-Infected Mothers
The purpose of this study is to determine whether the addition of zidovudine (ZDV) and lamivudine (3TC) at the onset of labor and for up to seven days postpartum to single-dose nevirapine (NVP) is associated with a lower prevalence of NVP-resistant HIV compared to single-dose NVP without ZDV+3TC.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Defined Population
Time Perspective: Longitudinal
|Official Title:||Nevirapine Pharmacodynamics and Resistance Among HIV-Infected Mothers in Lilongwe, Malawi|
|Study Start Date:||June 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2006|
The primary purpose of the Nevirapine Resistance Study is to compare nevirapine (NVP) resistance of HIV at two and six weeks postpartum in women who are participating in two different programs currently ongoing in Lilongwe, Malawi. The first program is through the HIV Infection and Breastfeeding: Interventions for Maternal and Infant Health, also known as the Breastfeeding, Antiretrovirals and Nutrition (BAN) Study, a clinical trial where all enrolled women receive zidovudine (ZDV) and lamivudine (3TC) at the onset of labor and for up to seven days postpartum in addition to single-dose nevirapine (NVP). The second program is the Call to Action (CTA) program sponsored by the Malawi Ministry of Health and Population (MOHP) and UNC Project. The aim of the CTA program is to reduce mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV by providing women a single dose NVP to be taken at the onset of labor. Study participants are tested for NVP-resistant HIV at two and six weeks postpartum and the prevalence of NVP-resistant virus is compared among the two groups receiving different peripartum anti-retroviral regimens.
|Area 25 Health Center|
|Principal Investigator:||Sherry L Farr, PhD||Centers for Disease Control and Prevention|
|Principal Investigator:||Denise J Jamieson, MD, MPH||Centers for Disease Control and Prevention|
|Principal Investigator:||Charles Van der Horst, MD||University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill|
|Principal Investigator:||Peter Kazembe, MB ChB||Kamuzu Central Hospital|