A Randomized, Controlled, Comparative Study of a Levonorgestrel Intrauterine System for the Prevention of Endometrial Cancer in Patients Aged 40-50 With BMI Greater Than 35

This study has been terminated.
(Principal investigator left institution)
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00161226
First received: September 8, 2005
Last updated: December 10, 2009
Last verified: December 2009
  Purpose

Endometrial (uterine) cancer affects over 40,000 women each year in the United States. At this time there are no medications to prevent endometrial cancer. Women who are heavy are at increased risk of this cancer. Progestins have been used to treat endometrial hyperplasia and cancer in women who wanted to retain their fertility or who were not surgical candidates. Oral progestins are associated with side effects such as weight gain, mood changes, headaches, and acne. A device called Mirena has a type of progesterone in it. Because it is placed directly in the uterus it can give a powerful amount of progestin with less side effects. In this project, we will enroll 44 women who are aged 40-50 and who have a body mass index (BMI) greater than 40. (BMI is a measure of obesity. Normal is less than 25.) They will be randomized to either observation or treatment. The women in the treatment group will have a levonorgestrel intrauterine system (Mirena, LNG-IUS) placed for one year. All of the women will have endometrial biopsies and blood work at the beginning and end of the study. All of the women will have an ultrasound at the beginning of the study. The information will then be used to assess whether or not the LNG-IUS will be an effective prevention agent. The women will be contacted once a year for 5 years to see if they have had endometrial hyperplasia or cancer. A special lab study called microarray will be used to see what genes are turned on or off in the uterine lining.


Condition Intervention Phase
Endometrial Cancer
Device: Levonorgestrel intrauterine system
Phase 2

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: A Randomized, Controlled, Comparative Study of a Levonorgestrel Intrauterine System for the Prevention of Endometrial Cancer in Patients Aged 40-50 With BMI Greater Than 35

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey:

Estimated Enrollment: 44
Study Start Date: February 2004
Study Completion Date: June 2006
Primary Completion Date: June 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

Endometrial (uterine) cancer affects over 40,000 women each year in the United States. At this time there are no medications to prevent endometrial cancer. Women who are heavy are at increased risk of this cancer. Progestins have been used to treat endometrial hyperplasia and cancer in women who wanted to retain their fertility or who were not surgical candidates. Oral progestins are associated with side effects such as weight gain, mood changes, headaches, and acne. A device called Mirena has a type of progesterone in it. Because it is placed directly in the uterus it can give a powerful amount of progestin with less side effects. In this project, we will enroll 44 women who are aged 40-50 and who have a body mass index (BMI) greater than 40. (BMI is a measure of obesity. Normal is less than 25.) They will be randomized to either observation or treatment. The women in the treatment group will have a levonorgestrel intrauterine system (Mirena, LNG-IUS) placed for one year. All of the women will have endometrial biopsies and blood work at the beginning and end of the study. All of the women will have an ultrasound at the beginning of the study. The information will then be used to assess whether or not the LNG-IUS will be an effective prevention agent. The women will be contacted once a year for 5 years to see if they have had endometrial hyperplasia or cancer. A special lab study called microarray will be used to see what genes are turned on or off in the uterine lining.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   35 Years to 50 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population

Levonorgestrel IUD, Prevention of Endometrial Cancer, Patients Aged 35-50, BMI > 30

Criteria

Inclusion:

Woman between 40-50 years of age. Body mass index (BMI) ³ 35. Benign (no hyperplasia or cancer) endometrial biopsy prior to randomization Has an intact uterus

Exclusion:

Present infection with gonorrhea or chlamydia or within the last 5 years. Bacterial vaginosis that does not respond to one course of antibiotics. History of pelvic inflammatory disease in the last 5 years. Patients who are pregnant or who desire to become pregnant Does not desire fertility History of deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolus

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00161226

Locations
United States, New Jersey
Cancer Institute of New Jersey
New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States, 08901
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Allison Wagreich, MD Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
  More Information

No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00161226     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4800, CINJ#100401
Study First Received: September 8, 2005
Last Updated: December 10, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey:
endometrial cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Endometrial Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Female
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Urogenital Neoplasms
Uterine Diseases
Uterine Neoplasms
Levonorgestrel
Contraceptive Agents
Contraceptive Agents, Female
Contraceptives, Oral
Contraceptives, Oral, Synthetic
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Reproductive Control Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014