Electronic Communications and Home Blood Pressure Monitoring

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Group Health Cooperative
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00158639
First received: September 8, 2005
Last updated: September 10, 2009
Last verified: September 2009
  Purpose

The control of blood pressure (BP) for patients with hypertension on medications has been elusive, despite the availability of evidence-based nationally recognized guidelines for treatment and 30 years of research addressing this. At present, less than 50% of patients with known hypertension are adequately controlled. If BP control could be improved, significant decreases in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality would occur.

The purpose of this study is to conduct a randomized controlled trial of the effectiveness of the provision of home blood pressure measurement and electronic communications (secure messaging to health care providers) to improve hypertension control.


Condition Intervention Phase
Hypertension
Behavioral: Home BP;secure messaging;pharmaceutical care;
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Electronic Communications and Home Blood Pressure Monitoring

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Group Health Cooperative:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • *change in mean diastolic, systolic, and combined diastolic and systolic BP.
  • *percent of patients with adequately controlled BP.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • *adherence to recommended anti-hypertensive medications and the proportion on preferred anti-hypertensive medications.
  • *patients' general health status, sense of self-efficacy in their management of hypertension, and satisfaction with their care in general and that for hypertension.
  • *to assess the impacts of each intervention on hypertension visits, primary care visits, and medication use for hypertension, and estimate the incremental cost-effectiveness of each.

Enrollment: 778
Study Start Date: June 2005
Study Completion Date: December 2007
Primary Completion Date: December 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

This is single-blind, randomized, controlled trial, to test the effectiveness of applying the chronic care model to hypertension.

There is an emerging consensus that multifaceted, multilevel, interventions are most effective in improving care for chronic conditions. In order to successfully plan and execute the required strategies, care planning is being increasingly conducted by the use of systems planning models. Since its original description by Wagner, Austin and Von Korff in 1996, the Chronic Care Model has found wide application, acceptance and success in planning care for chronic diseases, however to our knowledge, it has not yet been applied to the care of hypertension. There are six components of the model, including: clinical information systems, decision support, delivery system design, self-management support, organizational support, and community resources. The model describes these components to activate both patients and physicians, and when this occurs optimally, health outcomes improve. The interventions below are designed according to this construct and to determine whether enhanced patient self-management support in the form of home blood pressure monitoring and augmented delivery system design with pharmaceutical care improves hypertension control.

  • Group-1 (Usual Care) will receive usual care for their hypertension. This includes the following for physicians: guidelines and decision support for treatment of hypertension, reminds and feedback as to medication choices, the use of electronic medical records with the ability to graphically display blood pressures over time. Patients have access to secure Intranet services already available at GHC including portions of their electronic medical record (including their blood pressures and the graphic display of these), messaging, and prescription refill services, and laboratory results.
  • Group-2 (Blood Pressure Monitoring) will additionally receive home blood pressure monitors, instruction on their use, and a proficiency training session on Web-based communication and encouraged to use this to communicate their blood pressures with their physician, refill medications, and view parts of their medical records (blood pressures, labs, medication list).
  • Group-3 (Blood Pressure Monitoring and Pharmaceutical Care) will receive all of the above plus planned and proactive, self and care management support provided by clinical pharmacists via the Web. One of three clinical pharmacists will be assigned to each patient in group 3. The clinical pharmacist will initially telephone the patient and do an intake visit to assess their medical history specific to hypertension care and assist the patient in designing an action plan that addresses blood pressure self-monitoring, medication use, lifestyle habits to reduce blood pressure and cardiovascular risk (they will assist the patient in choosing one lifestyle activity to work on), and follow-up plans. The pharmacist and patient will communicate at regular intervals by secure message (telephone and clinic visits will be occur if needed) and work collaboratively to improve blood pressure control. The pharmacist will use a medication algorithm (based on Group Health and JNC7 guidelines) to adjust medications until goal blood pressure is reached (<135 mmHg and <85 mmHg average for home BP measurements) and will provide information as to resources available within Group Health or the community to assist patients with their lifestyle goals. Record keeping will occur in the electronic medical record with key aspects shared electronically and securely with the patient and their physician.

The interventions will be delivered over a period of 12-months.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   25 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of hypertension in the prior two years and on hypertension medications
  • Access to the Internet and an e-mail address
  • Ability to use a computer using the English language
  • Medical care coverage which permits them to refill prescriptions at Group Health Cooperative pharmacies and a willingness to do so.
  • Blood pressure on each of two screening visits averaging > 90 mmHg diastolic or > 140 mmHg systolic and < 110 mmHg diastolic or < 200 mmHg systolic

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosed or history of diabetes, cardiovascular disease (ischemic heart disease, valvular heart disease, heart failure, arrhythmias, strokes or transient ischemic attacks, and peripheral vascular disease)
  • Current treatment for cancer, on immunosuppressant or antiretroviral treatment.
  • Surgery or hospitalization in the prior 3 months
  • Pregnancy (or plans to become pregnant in the next 12 months)
  • Plans to move out of the area or leave the health plan in the next 12 months.
  • Upper arm circumference size > 18 inches.
  • Arrhythmia detected at screening visits
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00158639

Locations
United States, Washington
Group Health Research Institute
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98101
Sponsors and Collaborators
Group Health Cooperative
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Beverly B Green, MD, MPH Group Health Cooperative
  More Information

No publications provided by Group Health Cooperative

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Dr. Helga Ding, Director of Operations, Group Health Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00158639     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R01 HL075263, R01 HL075263-01A1-01
Study First Received: September 8, 2005
Last Updated: September 10, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Group Health Cooperative:
Blood Pressure Monitoring, home
Pharmaceutical services
Self care

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hypertension
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 01, 2014