Avandia™ + Amaryl™ or Avandamet™ Compared With Metformin (AVALANCHE™ Study)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
GlaxoSmithKline
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr. Anatoly Langer, Canadian Heart Research Centre
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00131664
First received: August 17, 2005
Last updated: April 15, 2013
Last verified: April 2013
  Purpose

The incidence of type 2 diabetes is on the increase. According to recent Canadian Diabetes Association guidelines glucose control, based on the A1C measurement, needs to be achieved within a 6-12 month period of time after the initial diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. The guidelines on the use of antihyperglycemic agents identify the potential benefits of sub-maximal oral combination therapy in order to achieve more rapid and improved glycemic control compared with higher dose monotherapy. Furthermore, many patients on prolonged oral antihyperglycemic monotherapy who then start on combination therapy may not achieve the required target glycemic control. Indeed early initiation of combination therapies may be necessary to achieve and maintain glycemic targets because of the progressive deterioration of pancreatic β cell function and glycemic control.


Condition Intervention Phase
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Drug: Avandamet
Drug: Avandia and Amaryl
Drug: Metformin
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Avandia™ + Amaryl™ or Avandamet™ Compared With Metformin: A 48-week Randomized, Open-label, Multicentre Phase IIIB Study to Compare the Effectiveness of Combination Therapy to Monotherapy in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Canadian Heart Research Centre:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean Change From Baseline in A1C at Month 6 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline was calculated as the Month 6 value minus the baseline value, with last on-treatment observation carried forward (LOCF) from Month 2 for withdrawn subjects or missing values.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean Change From Baseline in A1C at Month 4 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 4 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline was calculated as the Month 4 value minus the baseline value, with last on-treatment observation carried forward (LOCF) from Month 2 for withdrawn subjects or missing values.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in A1C at Month 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline was calculated as the Month 12 value minus the baseline value, with last on-treatment observation carried forward (LOCF) from Month 2 for withdrawn subjects or missing values.

  • Number of Subjects Achieving A1C Target at Month 4 [ Time Frame: Month 4 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A1C responders were described as subjects having achieved A1C less than 7 percent at Month 4, with LOCF from Month 2.

  • Number of Subjects Achieving A1C Target at Month 6 [ Time Frame: Month 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A1C responders were described as subjects having achieved A1C less than 7 percent at Month 6, with LOCF from Month 2.

  • Number of Subjects Achieving A1C Target at Month 12 [ Time Frame: Month 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A1C responders were described as subjects having achieved A1C less than 7 percent at Month 12 with LOCF from Month 2.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) at Month 4 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 4 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline was calculated as the Month 4 value minus the baseline value, with last on-treatment observation carried forward (LOCF) from Month 2 for withdrawn subjects or missing values.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) at Month 6 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline was calculated as the Month 6 value minus the baseline value, with last on-treatment observation carried forward (LOCF) from Month 2 for withdrawn subjects or missing values.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) at Month 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline was calculated as the Month 12 value minus the baseline value, with LOCF from Month 2 for withdrawn subjects or missing values.

  • Number of Subjects Achieving FPG Target at Month 4 [ Time Frame: Month 4 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    FPG responders were described as subjects having achieved FPG less than 7 mmol/L at Month 4 with LOCF from Month 2.

  • Number of Subjects Achieving FPG Target at Month 6 [ Time Frame: Month 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    FPG responders were described as subjects having achieved FPG less than 7 mmol/L at Month 6 with LOCF from Month 2.

  • Number of Subjects Achieving FPG Target at Month 12 [ Time Frame: Month 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    FPG responders were described as subjects having achieved FPG less than 7 mmol/L at Month 12 with LOCF from Month 2.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in 5 Year UKPDS Risk Scores at Month 6 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Change from baseline was calculated as the Month 6 value minus the baseline value, with LOCF from Month 2. The UKPDS (United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study) risk engine calculated was based on 5 years risk using gender, race, age at diagnosis of diabetes, duration of diabetes, smoking status, A1C, systolic blood pressure and total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein (HDL) ratio at a specified visit.

    The UKPDS cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk engine is used to estimate the risk of having coronary heart disease in type II diabetes according to the UKPDS model. The possible risk scores can range from 0 to 100% and hence lower scores would predict a person is less likely to have an event.


  • Mean Change From Baseline in 5 Year UKPDS Risk Scores at Month 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Change from baseline was calculated as the Month 12 value minus the baseline value, with LOCF from Month 2. The UKPDS (U.K. Prospective Diabetes Study) risk engine calculated was based on 5 years risk using gender, race, age at diagnosis of diabetes, duration of diabetes, smoking status, A1C, systolic blood pressure and total cholesterol to HDL ratio at a specified visit.

    The UKPDS cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk engine is used to estimate the risk of having coronary heart disease in type II diabetes according to the UKPDS model. The possible risk scores can range from 0 to 100% and hence lower scores would predict a person is less likely to have an event.


  • Mean Change From Baseline in C-reactive Protein (CRP) at Month 6 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline was calculated as the Month 6 value minus the baseline value. LOCF was not used for this analysis. CRP was only done at baseline, months 6 and 8. The test was optional and performed only by participating sites.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in C-reactive Protein (CRP) at Month 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline was calculated as the Month 12 value minus the baseline value, with LOCF from Month 6. CRP was only done at baseline, months 6 and 12. The test was optional and performed only by participating sites.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Adiponectin at Month 6 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline was calculated as the Month 6 value minus the baseline value. LOCF was not used for this analysis. Adiponectin was only done at baseline, months 6 and 12. The test was optional and performed only by participating sites.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Adiponectin at Month 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline was calculated as the Month 12 value minus the baseline value, with LOCF from Month 6. Adiponectin was only done at baseline, months 6 and 12. The test was optional and performed only by participating sites.


Enrollment: 391
Study Start Date: September 2005
Study Completion Date: January 2008
Primary Completion Date: January 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Avandamet
Avandamet 2 mg / 500 mg twice daily titration up to 4 mg / 1000 mg twice daily over 6 months
Drug: Avandamet
Avandamet 2 / 500 mg twice daily titration up to 4 mg / 1000 mg twice daily compared to Avandia 4 mg and Amaryl 1 mg once daily over 6 months or compared to Metformin 500 mg twice daily up to 1000 mg over 6 months.
Other Names:
  • rosiglitazone maleate and metformin hydrochloride
  • Avandamet 2 mg / 500 mg
  • Avandamet 4 mg / 500 mg
  • Avandamet 4 mg / 1000 mg
Active Comparator: Avandia and Amaryl
Avandia + Amaryl 4 mg + 1 mg once daily titration up to 8 mg + 2 mg once daily over 6 months
Drug: Avandia and Amaryl
Avandia 4 mg and Amaryl 1 mg once daily compared to Avandamet 2 / 500 mg twice daily titration up to 4 mg / 1000 mg twice daily, or compared to Metformin 500 mg twice daily up to 1000 mg over 6 months.
Other Names:
  • rosiglitazone maleate and glimepiride
  • Avandia (rosiglitazone maleate) 4 mg
  • Avandia (rosiglitazone maleate) 8 mg
  • Amaryl (glimepiride) 1 mg
  • Amaryl (glimepiride) 2 mg
  • Amaryl (glimepiride) 4 mg
Active Comparator: Metformin
Metformin 500 mg twice daily titration up to 1000 mg twice daily over 6 months
Drug: Metformin
Metformin 500 mg twice daily up to 1000 mg over 6 months compared to Avandia 4 mg and Amaryl 1 mg once daily or compared to Avandamet 2 / 500 mg twice daily titration up to 4 mg / 1000 mg twice daily
Other Names:
  • Metformin 500 mg
  • Metformin 850 mg

Detailed Description:

AvandametTM combines two oral antihyperglycemic agents, rosiglitazone maleate and metformin hydrochloride, with different but complementary mechanisms of action to improve glycemic control while reducing circulating insulin levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. AvandiaTM and AmarylTM combine two antidiabetic agents, rosiglitazone maleate and glimepiride. Glimepiride is an effective antihyperglycemic agent which has a low incidence of hypoglycemia, symptomatic hypoglycemia, severe hypoglycemia, and confirmed hypoglycemia. Subjects in this study who are inadequately controlled on diet, exercise and a submaximal dose of metformin or sulfonylurea (SU) will be randomized to either a combination of metformin plus rosiglitazone (AvandametTM) or a combination of AvandiaTM + AmarylTM or a Metformin monotherapy arm. As per the Canadian Diabetes Association (CDA) guidelines, their fasting plasma glucose and A1C to be 7 (mmol/L / percent) or less throughout the study. If the subject does not achieve the target then either AvandametTM or AvandiaTM and AmarylTM or Metformin will be up-titrated in an effort to reach this CDA recommended target. This study will attempt to demonstrate that the either combination arm of rosiglitazone plus metformin (AvandametTM) or the other combination arm of AvandiaTM + AmarylTM will provide greater glycemic control while avoiding the side-effects associated with the use of maximal dose metformin.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Type 2 diabetes patients
  2. 18 - 75 years old
  3. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) drug naïve or on submaximal oral monotherapy < 3 years
  4. A1C criteria at screening:

    1. 7.1-10% for drug naïve patients after failure of diet control and life-style modification
    2. 7.1 - 9% on single therapy (e.g. not more 10 mg of Glyburide or 4 mg of Amaryl™ or 1000mg of Metformin) who will start after 2 weeks wash-out. During wash out the following will be done: i) diet and life style modification ii) Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE), aspirin (80 mg), and statin if appropriate
  5. Signed informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Type 1 diabetes
  2. Subjects currently treated with insulin
  3. Subject treated for previous 3 month with any thiazolidinedione (TZD)
  4. Evidence of clinically significant concomitant illnesses which are not controlled by medication and/or may limit participation in the study as judged by the investigator
  5. Subjects who have hypersensitivity to any components of study drugs
  6. Participation in a clinical trial and/or intake of an investigational drug within 30 days prior to screening.
  7. Pregnant or nursing females
  8. Females of childbearing potential who are not on adequate birth control
  9. Liver enzymes (Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) > 2.5 times upper limit of normal)
  10. Renal impairment: serum creatinine ≥ 136umol/L (males) and ≥ 124 umol/L (females)
  11. Congestive Heart Failure (CHF class III/IV)
  12. Weight >160 kg
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00131664

Locations
Canada, Ontario
Canadian Heart Research Centre
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, m5b 2p9
Sponsors and Collaborators
Canadian Heart Research Centre
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Principal Investigator: robert josse, md University of Toronto
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Dr. Anatoly Langer, Chair, Steering Committe, Canadian Heart Research Centre
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00131664     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AVM103436
Study First Received: August 17, 2005
Results First Received: January 28, 2012
Last Updated: April 15, 2013
Health Authority: Canada: Health Canada

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Maleic acid
Glimepiride
Rosiglitazone
Metformin
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
Cardiovascular Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 16, 2014