Epidemiology of Gallbladder Sludge and Stones in Pregnancy
The specific objective of this project is to study the impact exercise has on gallstone formation during pregnancy when women are at increased risk due to biochemical and physiological alterations.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Epidemiology of Gallbladder Sludge & Stones in Pregnancy|
- gallbladder ultrasound
- serum insulin and leptin levels
|Study Start Date:||May 2003|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2006|
The female gender and multiparity are the two most important positive correlates of cholesterol gallstone disease. Pregnancy represents the period of time when the 'lithogenic' pressure on a woman is the highest. Biliary sludge is a precursor stage of gallstones. The investigators studied the etiological factors associated with the development of sludge and stones during pregnancy, and their early results suggest that it is inversely related to physical activity. They also found that being overweight, a known risk factor for gallstone disease, is associated with high blood leptin levels. In addition, the risk associated with high leptin levels is partially mitigated by physical activity.
In order to disentangle the effects of physical activity, leptin and gestational diabetes on gallbladder disease risk, and to understand the mechanisms behind the observed associations, the investigators propose to conduct a randomized controlled trial. This interventional study is a logical extension of their previous observational investigation. Their specific aims are:
- To evaluate whether an endurance exercise program is associated with lower risk of gallbladder disease in overweight pregnant women;
- To evaluate whether an endurance exercise intervention program changes leptin levels in pregnancy among overweight women;
- To examine the associations between gallbladder disease incidence and potential causal variables in this prospective trial. These variables include leptin levels, HDL, insulin levels, BMI (as it varies within women classified as overweight), as well as changes in these variables.
Gallstone disease affects 15-20% of adult Americans. Cholecystectomy is one of the most commonly performed operations. The morbidity, and the burden of cost, incurred by gallstones are staggering. Yet there is a dearth of understanding in the epidemiology and the cause of this disease. The results of this investigation should generate new, important and useful insights into the pathogenesis, and provide a rational strategy for the prevention, of this common and costly disease.
|United States, Washington|
|Madigan Army Medical Center|
|Tacoma, Washington, United States, 98431|
|Principal Investigator:||Sum P Lee, MD, PhD||University of Washington|
|Study Director:||Shirley Beresford, PhD||University of Washington School of Public Health and Community Medicine|