Assessment of the Effects of an Intermediate Care Package in Preventing Hospitalisation of Patients With COPD
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a term used for the conditions of chronic bronchitis and emphysema, diseases that are very common among the elderly and diseases that account for up to15% of all general medical admissions to National Health Service Hospitals. In a recent report on emergency admissions to acute hospitals in London, the King's Fund concluded that taking better care of elderly patients with COPD could reduce pressures on acute hospitals, and suggested that identification of vulnerable patients with lung disease and "pro-active," rather than "reactive," management might reduce the chances of hospitalisation. In this study, the investigators wish to compare a group of patients with COPD who are managed in the normal way, with another group of patients with COPD who receive all interventions known to be of some benefit to those with this condition. This will include a pulmonary rehabilitation programme, intensive education regarding self care, targeted advice to their general practitioners regarding how best to manage COPD, and regular contact with specialist respiratory nurses who will support the patients in their own homes by a combination of home visits and telephone contact. The value of such a comprehensive intervention will be studied, in terms of both its ability to reduce admissions to the hospital and its impact on quality of life.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
|Official Title:||A Randomised Control Trial Assessing the Effects of an Intermediate Care Package in Preventing Hospitalisation of Elderly Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)|
- Number of hospital admissions for exacerbations of COPD
- Number of unplanned visits to a general practitioner
- Measures of quality of life (SF-36; Canadian Respiratory Disease Questionnaire [CRDQ])
|Study Start Date:||December 2003|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||August 2006|
One hundred twenty-two patients over the age of 50 with COPD, admitted to Charing Cross Hospital in 2000-2004 with an acute exacerbation of their condition will be recruited and randomised to routine and opportunistic care (n= 61) vs study care package (n=61) for 2 years. The patients randomised to the study package will take part in an initial pulmonary rehabilitation programme of 8 sessions of physical therapy and education (2 sessions a week for 4 weeks). Health related quality of life will be measured in the intervention and routine care groups using validated instruments (SF-36 and Canadian Respiratory Diseases Questionnaire). This will be followed by a baseline home visit and assessment from an experienced specialist respiratory nurse (Grade G), followed by monthly telephone calls and a home visit every 3 months. Each interview and visit will be a structured intervention addressing specific issues related to the management of COPD, with four possible specific outcomes including history taking; measurement of vital signs; discussion of treatment; appropriate vaccination and discussing and reinforcing self-management education. At the end of the 2 year study period the routine care and intervention groups will be compared for the following outcomes: number of admissions to hospital for exacerbations of COPD; number of unplanned visits to a general practitioner (with those initiated by study nurse identified separately); measures of quality of life (SF-36; CRDQ).
|Respiratory Medicine, NHLI at Charing Cross Hospital|
|London, United Kingdom, W6 8RF|
|Principal Investigator:||Martyn R Partridge, MD FRCP||Imperial College London|