Capecitabine and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer or Other Pelvic Cancer

This study has been withdrawn prior to enrollment.
(Competing studies)
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00118300
First received: July 8, 2005
Last updated: July 7, 2011
Last verified: July 2011
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as capecitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays and other types of radiation to kill tumor cells. Internal radiation uses radioactive material placed directly into or near a tumor to kill tumor cells. Giving chemotherapy together with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of capecitabine when given together with radiation therapy in treating patients with locally advanced cervical cancer or other pelvic cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Cervical Cancer
Endometrial Cancer
Ovarian Cancer
Vaginal Cancer
Drug: capecitabine
Radiation: brachytherapy
Radiation: radiation therapy
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study of Capecitabine (Xeloda) and Radiation Therapy in Patients With Locally Advanced Cervical and Pelvic Malignancies

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Case Comprehensive Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum tolerated dose [ Time Frame: weekly ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Disease response measured prior to brachytherapy and at 1 month after completion of study treatment [ Time Frame: 1 month after completion of study treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Toxicity as measured by CTC v 3.0 weekly [ Time Frame: weekly ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 0
Study Start Date: April 2005
Intervention Details:
    Drug: capecitabine
    Patients also receive oral capecitabine twice daily 7 days a week in weeks 1-5 and 7-8. Courses repeat every 12 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    Radiation: brachytherapy
    1 or 2 applications of low-dose rate intracavitary brachytherapy in weeks 7-8 OR 5 applications of high-dose rate (HDR)* intracavitary brachytherapy once weekly in weeks 4-8.
    Radiation: radiation therapy
    Patients undergo external beam radiotherapy to the whole pelvis once daily 5 days a week in weeks 1-5.
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Determine the maximum tolerated dose and dose-limiting toxicity of capecitabine when given in combination with pelvic external beam radiotherapy and intracavitary brachytherapy in patients with primary or recurrent locally advanced cervical cancer or other pelvic malignancy.

Secondary

  • Determine the clinical anti-tumor response in patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine adverse clinical sequelae in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, dose-escalation study of capecitabine.

Patients undergo external beam radiotherapy to the whole pelvis once daily 5 days a week in weeks 1-5 and receive 1 or 2 applications of low-dose rate intracavitary brachytherapy in weeks 7-8 OR 5 applications of high-dose rate (HDR)* intracavitary brachytherapy once weekly in weeks 4-8. Patients also receive oral capecitabine twice daily 7 days a week in weeks 1-5 and 7-8. Courses repeat every 12 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

NOTE: *No external beam radiotherapy is administered on the day of HDR brachytherapy. If the majority of external beam radiotherapy has been administered, HDR brachytherapy may be administered in 2 applications per week (separated by at least 72 hours) in order to complete all treatment by week 8.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of capecitabine until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. A minimum of 6 patients are treated at the MTD.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed at 1 month, every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually for 2 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 4-24 patients will be accrued for this study within 2-12 months.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed cervical cancer or other pelvic malignancy, including vaginal, endometrial, or ovarian cancer

    • Primary or recurrent disease
    • Locally advanced disease, defined as the following:

      • Stage IB2-IVA (for cervical or vaginal cancer)
      • Any non-extra pelvic metastatic stage (for endometrial or ovarian cancer)
  • Not amenable to curative surgical resection alone
  • Bidimensionally measurable or clinically evaluable disease
  • Refused or ineligible for weekly IV cisplatin chemotherapy due to renal insufficiency, prior platinum adverse sensitivity, pre-existing neuropathy, or concurrent co-morbid illness
  • No histologically confirmed or clinically suspicious (≥ 1 cm) para-aortic lymphadenopathy
  • No brain metastases or primary brain tumors

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 18 and over (80 and under for second and third dose-escalation levels)

Performance status

  • GOG 0-2

Life expectancy

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic

  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm^3
  • Absolute granulocyte count ≥ 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 10.0 g/dL

Hepatic

  • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL
  • AST and ALT < 2 times upper limit of normal

Renal

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Creatinine normal OR
  • Creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min*
  • No proteinuria or clinically significant impaired renal function NOTE: *Creatine clearance testing required in patients > 60 years of age

Cardiovascular

  • No symptomatic New York Heart Association class III or IV congestive heart failure
  • No unstable angina pectoris
  • No cardiac arrhythmia
  • No uncontrolled hypertension

Gastrointestinal

  • Able to swallow oral medication
  • No bowel obstruction
  • No malabsorption illness

Other

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No known hypersensitivity to capecitabine or fluorouracil
  • No ongoing or active infection
  • No other uncontrolled illness
  • No psychiatric illness or social situation that would preclude study compliance
  • No other active invasive malignancy

    • Prior malignancy in remission for ≥ 6 months that is not currently being treated allowed

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy

  • Recovered from prior chemotherapy
  • At least 3 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for mitomycin or nitrosoureas)
  • Prior chemotherapy for a non-gynecologic malignancy or in the adjuvant setting allowed
  • No prior capecitabine

Endocrine therapy

  • Prior adjuvant hormonal therapy allowed

Radiotherapy

  • Recovered from prior radiotherapy
  • At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy
  • Prior radiotherapy for a non-gynecologic malignancy allowed
  • No prior low abdominal or pelvic radiotherapy

Surgery

  • Not specified

Other

  • At least 3 weeks since prior investigational anticancer agents and recovered
  • No prior anticancer treatment that contraindicates study therapy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00118300

Locations
United States, Ohio
Ireland Cancer Center at University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106-5065
Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
Sponsors and Collaborators
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Charles Kunos, MD, PhD Ireland Cancer Center at University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Charles Kunos, MD, PhD, Ireland Cancer Center at University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00118300     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CASE9804, P30CA043703, CASE-9804, CWRU-010514
Study First Received: July 8, 2005
Last Updated: July 7, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Case Comprehensive Cancer Center:
stage III cervical cancer
stage IVA cervical cancer
recurrent cervical cancer
stage III endometrial carcinoma
recurrent endometrial carcinoma
stage III ovarian epithelial cancer
recurrent ovarian epithelial cancer
stage III ovarian germ cell tumor
recurrent ovarian germ cell tumor
stage III vaginal cancer
stage IVA vaginal cancer
recurrent vaginal cancer
ovarian sarcoma
ovarian stromal cancer
stage IV endometrial carcinoma
stage IB cervical cancer
stage IIA cervical cancer
stage IIB cervical cancer
stage II vaginal cancer
stage I vaginal cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Ovarian Neoplasms
Vaginal Neoplasms
Uterine Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Uterine Cervical Diseases
Uterine Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Ovarian Diseases
Adnexal Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Gonadal Disorders
Vaginal Diseases
Capecitabine
Fluorouracil
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 22, 2014