A Study of TMC278 in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infected Patients, Who Are Not Treated With Antiretroviral Medicines

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Tibotec Pharmaceuticals, Ireland
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00110305
First received: May 5, 2005
Last updated: June 11, 2014
Last verified: June 2014
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the dose-response relationship of antiviral activity after 48 weeks treatment with 3 different dose regimens of TMC278.


Condition Intervention Phase
Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1
Drug: TMC278 25 mg
Drug: TMC278 75 mg
Drug: TMC278 150 mg
Drug: Efavirenz
Drug: Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTIs)
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase IIb Randomized, Partially Blinded, Dose-Finding Trial of TMC278 in Antiretroviral-Naive HIV-1 Infected Subjects

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Tibotec Pharmaceuticals, Ireland:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Virologic Response at Week 48 (Viral Load Less Than 50 Copies Per mL) - as Defined by the Time to Loss of Virologic Response (TLOVR) Algorithm [ Time Frame: Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The TLOVR algorithm was used to derive response, ie, response and loss of response needed to be confirmed at 2 consecutive visits and participants who permanently discontinued were considered nonresponders. Participants with intermittent missing viral load values were considered responders if the preceeding and succeeding visits indicated response. In all other cases, intermittent values were imputed with nonresponse. Resuppression after confirmed virologic failure was considered as failure in this algorithm.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Virologic Response at Week 96 (Viral Load Less Than 50 Copies Per mL) - as Defined by the Time to Loss of Virologic Response (TLOVR) Algorithm [ Time Frame: Week 96 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The TLOVR algorithm was used to derive response, ie, response and loss of response needed to be confirmed at 2 consecutive visits and participants who permanently discontinued were considered nonresponders. Participants with intermittent missing viral load values were considered responders if the preceeding and succeeding visits indicated response. In all other cases, intermittent values were imputed with nonresponse. Resuppression after confirmed virologic failure was considered as failure in this algorithm.

  • Number of Participants With Virologic Response at Week 96 (Viral Load Less Than 50 Copies Per mL) - Snapshot Analysis [ Time Frame: Week 96 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The analysis is based on the last observed viral load data within the Week 96 window. Virologic response is defined as a viral load less than 50 copies/mL. Missing viral load was considered as non-response.

  • Number of Participants With Virologic Response at Week 240 (Viral Load Less Than 50 Copies Per mL) - as Defined by the Time to Loss of Virologic Response (TLOVR) Algorithm [ Time Frame: Week 240 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The TLOVR algorithm was used to derive response, ie, response and loss of response needed to be confirmed at 2 consecutive visits and participants who permanently discontinued were considered nonresponders. Participants with intermittent missing viral load values were considered responders if the preceeding and succeeding visits indicated response. In all other cases, intermittent values were imputed with nonresponse. Resuppression after confirmed virologic failure was considered as failure in this algorithm.

  • Number of Participants With Virologic Response at Week 240 (Viral Load Less Than 50 Copies Per mL) - Snapshot Analysis [ Time Frame: Week 240 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The analysis is based on the last observed viral load data within the Week 240 window. Virologic response is defined as a viral load less than 50 copies/mL. Missing viral load was considered as non-response.

  • Number of Participants With Virologic Response at Week 240 (Viral Load Less Than 400 Copies/mL) - as Defined by the Time to Loss of Virologic Response (TLOVR) Algorithm [ Time Frame: Week 240 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The TLOVR algorithm was used to derive response, ie, response and loss of response needed to be confirmed at 2 consecutive visits and participants who permanently discontinued were considered nonresponders. Participants with intermittent missing viral load values were considered responders if the preceeding and succeeding visits indicated response. In all other cases, intermittent values were imputed with nonresponse. Resuppression after confirmed virologic failure was considered as failure in this algorithm.

  • Change From Baseline in CD4+ Cell Count (Absolute) at Week 96 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1 of Week 0) to Week 96 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline in CD4+ cell count was imputed in case of missing values: in case of premature discontinuation, data were imputed with the baseline value after discontinuation (i.e. change=0, Non-Completer [NC] = Failure); otherwise last observation carried forward was applied.

  • Change From Baseline in CD4+ Cell Count (Relative) at Week 96 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1 of Week 0) to Week 96 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline in CD4+ cell count was imputed in case of missing values: in case of premature discontinuation, data were imputed with the baseline value after discontinuation (i.e. change=0, Non-Completer [NC] = Failure); otherwise last observation carried forward was applied.

  • Change From Baseline in CD4+ Cell Count (Absolute) at Week 240 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1 of Week 0) to Week 240 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline in CD4+ cell count was imputed in case of missing values: in case of premature discontinuation, data were imputed with the baseline value after discontinuation (i.e. change=0, Non-Completer [NC] = Failure); otherwise last observation carried forward was applied.

  • Change From Baseline in CD4+ Cell Count (Relative) at Week 240 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1 of week 0) to Week 240 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline in CD4+ cell count was imputed in case of missing values: in case of premature discontinuation, data were imputed with the baseline value after discontinuation (i.e. change=0, Non-Completer [NC] = Failure); otherwise last observation carried forward was applied.

  • Number of Participants With Virologic Failure for the Resistance Determinations by Developing Mutations: First Available On-Treatment Genotypic Data After Failure [ Time Frame: Week 240 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Virologic failure for the resistance determinations was defined as a viral load greater than 0.5 log10 copies /mL above the nadir with a minimum of 500 copies/mL. For this study, treatment-emergent mutations (for at least one treatment) are presented as Resistance associated mutation (RAMs): i) Non-nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) RAMs, ii) Nucleoside/tide reverse transcriptase inhibitor (N[t]RTI RAMs).

  • Area Under the Plasma Concentration Time Curve From Time 0 to 24 Hours (AUC24h) for TMC278 [ Time Frame: Up to Week 96 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    For each participant, a single value for area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time of administration up to 24 hours post dosing (AUC24h) of TMC278 was estimated from a population pharmacokinetic model, based on all samples collected throughout the trial up to Week 96.

  • Trough Plasma Concentration (Ctrough) for TMC278 [ Time Frame: Up to Week 96 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    For each participant, a single value for trough (i.e. predose) plasma concentration (Ctrough) of TMC278 was estimated from a population pharmacokinetic model, based on samples collected throughout the trial up to Week 96.

  • Number of Participants With Virologic Response (Viral Load Less Than 50 Copies Per mL) - as Defined by the Time to Loss of Virologic Response (TLOVR) Algorithm, by Area Under the Plasma Concentration Time Curve From Time 0 to 24 Hours (AUC24h) Quartiles [ Time Frame: Up to Week 96 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Quartile 1, 2, 3 and 4 of AUC24h means the quartile with the lowest 25%, 26-50%, 51-75% and the highest 25% of AUC24h values, respectively, irrespective of the different doses of TMC278. For each participant, a single value for area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time of administration up to 24 hours post dosing (AUC24h) of TMC278 was estimated from a population pharmacokinetic model, based on all samples collected throughout the trial up to Week 96. Virologic response was calculated by time to loss of virologic response (TLOVR) algorithm.


Enrollment: 368
Study Start Date: June 2005
Study Completion Date: December 2011
Primary Completion Date: December 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: TMC278 25 mg
Participants will receive TMC278 25 mg once daily up to Week 96. Later on, participants will receive TMC278 75 mg once daily up to Week 144 and then TMC278 25 mg once daily up to Week 240.
Drug: TMC278 25 mg
TMC278 25 mg tablet will be administered once daily.
Drug: Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTIs)
Investigator selected 2 NRTIs: (1) Zidovudine and lamivudine (Combivir) and (2) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and emtricitabine (Truvada) will be administered as per the package inserts, along with the TMC278 during the study period.
Other Names:
  • Combivir
  • Truvada
Experimental: TMC278 75 mg
Participants will receive TMC278 75 mg once daily up to Week 144. Later on, participants will receive TMC278 25 mg once daily up to Week 240.
Drug: TMC278 75 mg
TMC278 75 mg (1 X 25 mg + 1 X 50 mg) tablets will be administered once daily.
Drug: Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTIs)
Investigator selected 2 NRTIs: (1) Zidovudine and lamivudine (Combivir) and (2) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and emtricitabine (Truvada) will be administered as per the package inserts, along with the TMC278 during the study period.
Other Names:
  • Combivir
  • Truvada
Experimental: TMC278 150 mg
Participants will receive TMC278 150 mg once daily up to Week 96. Later on, participants will receive TMC278 75 mg once daily up to Week 144 and then TMC278 25 mg once daily up to Week 240.
Drug: TMC278 150 mg
TMC278 150 mg (1 X 50 mg + 1 X 100 mg) tablets will be administered once daily.
Drug: Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTIs)
Investigator selected 2 NRTIs: (1) Zidovudine and lamivudine (Combivir) and (2) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and emtricitabine (Truvada) will be administered as per the package inserts, along with the TMC278 during the study period.
Other Names:
  • Combivir
  • Truvada
Active Comparator: Efavirenz
Participants will receive efavirenz 600 mg once daily up to Week 96. Later on, participants will have an option to continue on efavirenz until Week 144 or until Week 240.
Drug: Efavirenz
Efavirenz 600 mg (1 x 600 mg tablet or 3 x 200 mg capsules, depending on formulation locally available) will be administered once daily.
Drug: Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTIs)
Investigator selected 2 NRTIs: (1) Zidovudine and lamivudine (Combivir) and (2) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and emtricitabine (Truvada) will be administered as per the package inserts, along with the TMC278 during the study period.
Other Names:
  • Combivir
  • Truvada

Detailed Description:

This is a randomized (the study medication is assigned by chance), active controlled (participants are assigned to either a recognized effective treatment or the study medication) study. This study consists of 3 phases: screening phase (4 weeks), treatment phase (96 weeks), and follow up phase (4 weeks). In the treatment phase, participants will be randomly assigned to 1 of the 4 treatment groups: (1) TMC278 25 mg, (2) TMC278 75 mg, (3) TMC278 150 mg, or (4) efavirnez (control group); along with investigator selected 2 non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTIs) until Week 96. TMC278 will be assigned by double-blinded fashion (participant and investigator are not aware of the TMC278 dose what participants will receive) and efavirnez will be assigned by open-label fashion (all people know what treatment participants will receive). After Week 96, 3 optional open-label (all people know the identity of the intervention) extension periods will be conducted to collect long term safety and effectiveness data of TMC278. 3 optional extension periods are: first optional extension period (all participants will receive TMC278 75 mg + 2 NRTIs from Week 96 to Week144); second optional extension period (all participants will receive TMC278 25 mg + 2 NRTIs from Week 144 to Week 240); and third optional extension period (all participants will receive TMC278 25 mg + 2 NRTIs from Week 240 until TMC278 is commercially available). Participants on efavirenz group will have the option to continue on efavirenz + 2 NRTIs until the total treatment duration of 240 weeks. Safety evaluations will include assessment of adverse events, clinical laboratory tests, electrocardiogram, physical examination, and vital signs which will be monitored throughout the study. The maximum duration of the study will be 104, 152, or 248 weeks, plus the optional third extension period.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Documented human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection
  • Never been treated with an antiretroviral (ARV) treatment or therapeutic HIV vaccine, or received less than or equal to 2 weeks treatment prior to screening with an nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors
  • HIV-1 plasma viral load above 5000 HIV-1 RNA copies per milliliter, at screening
  • Cortisol of at least 550 nano moles per liter (19.9 microgram per deciliter) at screening
  • Sensitivity to investigator selected nucleosides, at screening

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Currently having active Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) defining illness
  • Known or suspected acute (primary) HIV-1 infection
  • Any current or history of adrenal disorder, and an acute hepatitis A, B, or C infection
  • Documented genotypic evidence of Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor (NNRTI) resistance at screening
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding females
  • Not agree to protocol-defined effective use of contraception
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00110305

  Show 44 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Tibotec Pharmaceuticals, Ireland
Investigators
Study Director: Tibotec Pharmaceuticals, Ireland Clinical Trial Tibotec Pharmaceuticals, Ireland
  More Information

No publications provided by Tibotec Pharmaceuticals, Ireland

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Tibotec Pharmaceuticals, Ireland
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00110305     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00980837
Other Study ID Numbers: CR006760, TMC278-C204, R278474-C204
Study First Received: May 5, 2005
Results First Received: April 26, 2013
Last Updated: June 11, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
Great Britain: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Keywords provided by Tibotec Pharmaceuticals, Ireland:
Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Antiretroviral
Antiviral
ARV
TMC278
Efavirenz
Combivir
Truvada
Zidovudine
Lamivudine
Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
Emtricitabine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Tenofovir disoproxil
Tenofovir
Efavirenz
Lamivudine, zidovudine drug combination
Emtricitabine
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Anti-HIV Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 31, 2014