New Onset Weakness in Critically Ill Patients and the Risk of Death and Recurrent ICU Admission
This study seeks to define the morbidity of critical care polyneuropathy and to confirm that this diagnosis is, in fact, independently associated with increased mortality. Secondary information regarding the reasons for ICU readmission in patients with weakness may help in formulating cogent discharge strategies for these patients. Measurement of weakness using handgrip strength may provide a useful surrogate marker for weakness that may be more easily and uniformly applied.
- The development of ICU-associated weakness is independently associated with excess attributable mortality.
- The development of ICU-associated weakness is associated with an increased need for ICU readmission.
- Readmission to the ICU will be a result of the development of recurrent respiratory failure or insufficiency
- Handgrip strength testing will detect ICU-associated weakness with an equivalent sensitivity as the comprehensive bedside muscle strength exam.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Intensive Care Unit(ICU)-Acquired Paresis and the Risk for Mortality and Recurrent ICU Admission (Weakness and ICU Readmission Evaluation-WIRE)|
- Hospital mortality [ Time Frame: during hospitalization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- recurrent respiratory failure [ Time Frame: hospitalization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||June 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||July 2007|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Study Overview: This study will enroll patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation to identify the presence of newly acquired weakness in the ICU. Eligible patients are those that require the use of mechanical ventilation for greater than or equal to five days, because this is a significant risk factor for weakness. These patients will be enrolled and followed to detect the true relative mortality between weak and strong patients in the ICU.
To identify patients with relevant and significant weakness, this study identifies weakness in patients who survive and return to a state of normal consciousness. As such these patients, once enrolled, need to be screened daily for awakening. Once awake an assessment of peripheral muscle strength will be performed with a standard bedside neuromuscular exam and handgrip manometry.
Initial Data Collection: After consent, demographic information and risk factors for neuromuscular disease for each patient will be recorded. Blood pressure values and other data regarding the subjects' severity of illness will be collected. Any previous use of medicines during the current hospitalization that are associated with the development of weakness will be collected as well. Also any previous history of other chronic disease known to be associated with weakness (e.g. diabetes, immune system deficiency, end-stage liver disease or kidney disease) will be noted.
Screen for awakening (SA):Once daily the patient will be assessed for awakening using a standard (RASS). When the patient awake and able to follow commands they will be assessed for muscle strength exam.
Medical Research Council Strength Exam:The examiner will perform their exam on the first day that the patient is eligible by RASS screening. This same examiner will return at least twenty hours, but no more than forty-eight hours later to perform a repeat exam. The exam will be based on the Medical Research Council standard exam. Functions assessed:Upper extremity: wrist flexion, arm flexion, shoulder abduction. Lower extremity: ankle dorsiflexion, knee extension and hip flexion. Handgrip assessment: On the same day as the MRC exam the patient will be asked to perform a handgrip maneuver using the Jamar® handgrip manometer.
Ventilator use, Re-intubation, Recurrent ICU admission, Tracheostomy use, ICU Length of Stay and Hospital LOS
|United States, Indiana|
|Indiana University Hospitals|
|Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202|
|United States, Ohio|
|University of Cincinnati|
|Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45267|
|MetroHealth Medical Center|
|Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44109|
|University Hospitals of Cleveland|
|Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106|
|The Ohio State University|
|Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210|
|Principal Investigator:||Naeem A Ali, MD||Ohio State University|