Safety of and Immune Response to a Pneumococcal Vaccine (PncCV) in HIV Infected and Uninfected Children

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
CIPRA SA
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00099658
First received: December 17, 2004
Last updated: February 14, 2011
Last verified: February 2011
  Purpose

Infection by Streptococcal pneumoniae is a common invasive bacterial infection in HIV infected children. The purpose of this study is to determine the safety of and immune response to a pneumococcal polysaccharide-protein conjugate vaccine (PncCV) in HIV infected and uninfected children. The study will also determine the safety of and immune response to Haemophilus influenzae vaccine (HibCV) in these children. Recruitment for this study will occur at two hospitals in South Africa, and all HIV infected infants participating in this study must also be coenrolled in the CIPRA SA-Project 2 study.


Condition Intervention
HIV Infections
Pneumococcal Infections
Biological: Pneumococcal polysaccharide-protein conjugate vaccine

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Evaluation of Quantitative and Qualitative Antibody Responses to Streptococcus Pneumoniae and Haemophilus Influenzae Type b Conjugate Vaccines Amongst HIV-1-Exposed-Infected Children That Are Receiving Vs. Those Not Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy, as Well as Among HIV-1-Exposed-Uninfected Children and HIV-1-Unexposed-Uninfected Children

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by CIPRA SA:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Response rate to PncCV among children in Group 2 compared to those in Groups 1 and 3 [ Time Frame: At Weeks 3 and 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Response rate to PncCV among children in Group 2 compared to those in Groups 1 and 3 before receiving booster vaccine dose [ Time Frame: At Weeks 64 through 76 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Vaccine safety profiles after each of the three primary doses of PncCV and booster doses of PncCV and HibCV [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 579
Study Start Date: April 2005
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
HIV-uninfected infants born to HIV-uninfected mothers
Biological: Pneumococcal polysaccharide-protein conjugate vaccine
Injection administered three times before the age of 24 weeks
Other Name: PncCV
Experimental: 2
HIV-infected infants in CDC Disease Category 1 who were randomly assigned to the delayed therapy arm (Arm 1) of CIPRA SA-Project 2
Biological: Pneumococcal polysaccharide-protein conjugate vaccine
Injection administered three times before the age of 24 weeks
Other Name: PncCV
Experimental: 3
HIV-infected infants in CDC Disease Category 1 who were randomly assigned to the first early therapy arm (Arm 2) of CIPRA SA-Project 2
Biological: Pneumococcal polysaccharide-protein conjugate vaccine
Injection administered three times before the age of 24 weeks
Other Name: PncCV
Experimental: 4
HIV-infected infants in CDC Disease Category 2 or 3 who were randomly assigned to the second early therapy arm (Arm 3) of CIPRA SA-Project 2
Biological: Pneumococcal polysaccharide-protein conjugate vaccine
Injection administered three times before the age of 24 weeks
Other Name: PncCV
Experimental: 5
HIV-uninfected infants born to HIV infected mothers
Biological: Pneumococcal polysaccharide-protein conjugate vaccine
Injection administered three times before the age of 24 weeks
Other Name: PncCV

Detailed Description:

HIV infected children are at high risk for invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae. Chemoprophylaxis has been used in children with certain diseases for the prevention of IPD, but drug resistance may develop with this prevention strategy. In contrast, a vaccine to prevent IPD would have fewer negative implications on future treatment options than chemoprophylaxis. This study will evaluate the safety of and immune response to PncCV in South African HIV infected and uninfected children. This study will also evaluate the safety of and immune response to HibCV in these children.

This study will last 5.5 years. There will be 5 groups in this study. Group 1 will be HIV uninfected infants born to HIV uninfected mothers. Group 2 will be HIV infected infants in CDC Disease Category 1 who were randomly assigned to the delayed therapy arm (Arm 1) of CIPRA SA-Project 2. Group 3 will be HIV infected infants in CDC Disease Category 1 who were randomly assigned to the first early therapy arm (Arm 2) of CIPRA SA-Project 2. Group 4 will be HIV infected infants in CDC Disease Category 2 or 3 who were randomly assigned to the second early therapy arm (Arm 3) of CIPRA SA-Project 2. Group 5 will be HIV uninfected infants born to HIV infected mothers; Group 5 infants will undergo repeat HIV testing at 4 to 8 months of age, 9 to 11 months of age, and approximately 18 months of age.

There will be 13 study visits; medical history assessment, a physical examination, and blood collection will occur at each visit. At each of 3 study visits before age 24 weeks, all participants will receive an injection of PncCV and an injection of routine pediatric vaccines, including HibCV. Previously vaccinated HIV infected participants will only receive those vaccines they need to complete the South African series of routine pediatric vaccinations. Within each group, participants will be randomly assigned to receive a booster shot of either PncCV or HibCV between 64 and 76 weeks of age. Participants will also receive two measles vaccinations between 38 and 76 weeks of age. Parents or guardians will be asked to complete a diary card after each vaccination and report any adverse effects occurring within the 72 hours post-vaccination.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 10 Weeks
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria for All Infants:

  • Birth weight of at least 2 kg (4.4 lbs)
  • Written informed consent from parent or guardian
  • Mother's HIV status documented after 24th week of pregnancy, if her infant joins Group 5 and is HIV uninfected
  • Parent or guardian of infant intends to remain in the study area for the duration of the trial

Inclusion Criteria for HIV Infected Infants:

  • HIV infected
  • Participating in CIPRA SA-Project 2

Exclusion Criteria for All Infants:

  • Blood products prior to study entry
  • Immunosuppressant agents for more than 2 weeks, within 1 week of study entry
  • Unable to tolerate oral medications
  • Presence of any major, life-threatening congenital defect
  • Acute illness or fever requiring hospitalization within 72 hours of immunization
  • Grade 2 vaccine-related allergic reaction
  • Grade 3 or 4 clinical or laboratory toxicity related to vaccination
  • Use of any antiretroviral therapies other than those allowed in CIPRA SA-Project 2. Infants who received antiretroviral drugs used to prevent mother-to-infant HIV transmission are eligible for this study.
  • Use of investigational drugs, systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy, or interleukin or other immune modulators
  • Require certain medications

Exclusion Criteria for HIV Uninfected Infants:

  • Vaccines prior to study entry. Infants who have received bacille Calmette-Guerin or oral polio vaccines are not excluded.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00099658

Sponsors and Collaborators
CIPRA SA
Investigators
Study Chair: Shabir Madhi, MD, MBBCH, Mmed, FCPaeds, PhD Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: James McIntyre, CIPRA-SA
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00099658     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CIPRA-SA Project 4, U19AI053217, CIPRA, Project 4
Study First Received: December 17, 2004
Last Updated: February 14, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by CIPRA SA:
MTCT

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Pneumococcal Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Streptococcal Infections
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014